Planning for a new era: Reconciling   the Common Good with Private  Development: (Re) Imagining the      Role of the Priva...
Overview• The emergence of planning• Our development frenzy & role of planning• The new shape of planning & development & ...
The emergence of planning
The emergence of planning• Response to industrialisation in late  19th century• Ebenezer Howard founding Garden  City Move...
Our development frenzy & the role of            planning
What Happened?•   Increased prosperity in the 90’s with development of multinational sector•   As employment & income incr...
Where was Planning?   Culture of ‘every place should be developed’   Politically watered down NSS   Developers & vested...
Where was Private Sector              Planning? Public Sector Clients:    Making Development / Local Area Plans    Soug...
The Legacy Collapsed economy & development sector Surplus partially completed or completed  development:       2846 Unf...
Solutions Employed – NAMA & Foreign               Banks•   NAMA established as mechanism to deal with riskiest    loans on...
The new shape of development & the role         of the private sector
Einstein.…  “we cannot solve  a problem out of      the same   consciousness  that give it birth”
Short Term Approach: UnfinishedEstates, Zombie Hotels & Vacant Offices            Sell     Demolish          Retrofit   Re...
Long Term Approach: Planning for Common Good       Revise NSS Survey, Analysis & PlanUrban Capacity Analysis &  Plan for I...
The Future role for private           developer State control land Respond to plan-led system Joint Venture Partnership...
Where will development be          concentrated? Gateways Consolidated Cities Docklands
How Planning Profession should          respond?
Education & Awareness Courses to cover:   –   Urban design   –   Architecture   –   Civil Engineering   –   Environment  ...
Practice Onus on Planner to Act in the interests of:   – Client / employer   – The common good   – In accordance with IPI...
Thank you!alice@alicecharlesplanning.ie
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International Centre for Local & Regional Development Conference - Planning for a New Era: Reconciling the Common Good with Private Development 20.01.2012

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International Centre for Local & Regional Development Conference - Planning for a New Era: Reconciling the Common Good with Private Development 20.01.2012

  1. 1. Planning for a new era: Reconciling the Common Good with Private Development: (Re) Imagining the Role of the Private Sector Alice Charles BSc Hons PG Dip TCP MRTPI MIPI
  2. 2. Overview• The emergence of planning• Our development frenzy & role of planning• The new shape of planning & development & the role of the private sector• How the Planning Profession should respond• Disclaimer: Whilst I am an External Member of the NAMA Planning Advisory Committee, views expressed in this presentation are mine & mine alone in my capacity as a Planning Consultant
  3. 3. The emergence of planning
  4. 4. The emergence of planning• Response to industrialisation in late 19th century• Ebenezer Howard founding Garden City Movement• 1947 Town & Country Planning Act - nationalised the right to develop land• Purpose: To control the use of land & design of the urban environment for the ‘common good’.
  5. 5. Our development frenzy & the role of planning
  6. 6. What Happened?• Increased prosperity in the 90’s with development of multinational sector• As employment & income increased, house prices rocketed• Construction rose in response & this increased employment & income, leading to multiplier effect• Returning migrants in late 90’s & early 00’s drives demand for houses further• € introduced with reduced interest rates, making cheap money available so borrowing large amounts became norm & construction intensified• Bench marking drove up wages & prices further• As property prices rose, value of collateral increased and banks perceived risk of property lending fell• Tax incentives• Need to get on the property ladder• Property Developers were everywhere• Global financial meltdown & Irish banks exposed
  7. 7. Where was Planning? Culture of ‘every place should be developed’ Politically watered down NSS Developers & vested interests had undue influence on plan making Councillors & management succumbed to pressure Mere ‘regard’ given to national & regional policy when Plan making. Little if any citizen participation, just ‘men with fields’. Bad development plan zonings Developers had little regard to statutory Plans in buying or developing land Banks ignored planning parameters in lending Bad design, overdevelopment, car dominated, poor residential environment, lack of social infrastructure Bad planning decisions ABP had to refuse or amend many poor quality developments on appeal
  8. 8. Where was Private Sector Planning? Public Sector Clients:  Making Development / Local Area Plans  Sought proper planning & sustainable development  Lost battle in the Council Chamber Private Sector Clients:  Planning & appointing Planners was an after thought  Brought in when problem  Job to get ‘the planning’ in record fast time  Concerned with producing volume, rather than quality, to justify development  Limited reflection / thought
  9. 9. The Legacy Collapsed economy & development sector Surplus partially completed or completed development:  2846 Unfinished estates  Zombie hotels & golf courses (15,000 excess bed spaces)  Struggling private hospitals  Vacant offices & retail  Derelict historic properties Abundance of Raw Land:  Permitted development  Zoned land - 41,000 ha (need 12,450 ha to 2016)  Unzoned land Infrastructure deficit (physical, social & recreational) Plethora of one off houses
  10. 10. Solutions Employed – NAMA & Foreign Banks• NAMA established as mechanism to deal with riskiest loans on Irish banks balance sheets – NAMA operates within confines of NAMA Act 2009 – Asset management agency – Acquires good & bad loans at market value from banks – Requires borrowers to submit business plans for Approval – Can appoint receivers – c11,500 property related loans – c850 debtors – loan book value of €74.2 billion – Assets spread throughout Ireland, UK, US & wider world – Planning Advisory Committee established in 2010• Foreign Banks Major Global Re-structuring Teams
  11. 11. The new shape of development & the role of the private sector
  12. 12. Einstein.… “we cannot solve a problem out of the same consciousness that give it birth”
  13. 13. Short Term Approach: UnfinishedEstates, Zombie Hotels & Vacant Offices Sell Demolish Retrofit Re-Use
  14. 14. Long Term Approach: Planning for Common Good Revise NSS Survey, Analysis & PlanUrban Capacity Analysis & Plan for Infrastructure Land Commission / Regeneration Agency Plan for shrinking / consolidated cities Ensure DensityDiscourage one-off housing
  15. 15. The Future role for private developer State control land Respond to plan-led system Joint Venture Partnerships Masterplan led Consultative Incorporate / develop physical, social & recreational infrastructure
  16. 16. Where will development be concentrated? Gateways Consolidated Cities Docklands
  17. 17. How Planning Profession should respond?
  18. 18. Education & Awareness Courses to cover: – Urban design – Architecture – Civil Engineering – Environment – Climate Change & Sustainability – Economics – Project Management – Communication Understand role of Planner Need for Proper Planning & sustainable development
  19. 19. Practice Onus on Planner to Act in the interests of: – Client / employer – The common good – In accordance with IPI & RTPI Code of Conduct – Within the confines of legislation
  20. 20. Thank you!alice@alicecharlesplanning.ie

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