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Using wikis - beginning or advanced classes


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LCLC examples of wikis implemented in introductory, intermediate, and advanced language courses. Examples also provided for non-language&culture contexts.

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Using wikis - beginning or advanced classes

  1. 1. Susanne Rott, Charity Anne Caldwell, Michiko Kato, Adam Gacs, Caitlin Cornell
  2. 2. Sure, there’s writing. Reading. Editing. But…
  3. 3. • Yes. Of course you have… Show of hands/tweets/etc.: Who here has ever edited Wikipedia or another wiki?
  4. 4. a collection of Web Examples presented here include: pages designed to enable • Intermediate (4th semester) anyone with access to language courses contribute or modify – Japanese 104 – German 104 content, using a simplified markup language. • Advanced language courses (it’s easy to do) – French 334, Jr/Sr level Advanced Grammar Wikis are often used to create • Culture courses conducted in collaborative websites and to English power community websites. – Russian 116, Soviet Culture source:
  5. 5. Language-learning contexts Other contexts • Literature? • Politics? History? – Exploration of – In-depth analysis of a socio- literature/authors/genres/ political situation – nowadays works read in your course? In or set in the past. the program? • Culture? • Something else … – Of a single country? – A mock website for an – A mock newspaper? From US organization? or abroad? • Advanced science courses? • Language? – Large projects with extensive – Global role of the target lab reports language? • Any course where students – Analysis of dialects in different countries? read and present articles!
  6. 6. • Writing for a real • Ability to incorporate audience, not just the authentic listening/media instructor – Embedding videos first – How “real” varies wiki to wiki: requires a great deal of • just peers in the same class? listening and even reading • The whole department? native-speaker content on • The whole world (a la websites wikipedia)? Integrating research and • Incorporation of authentic culture – on any language sources level – Target-language websites – Print sources as well, if necessary
  7. 7. Original text by students in a near-final version of wiki. There are two external links in the section shown, one to a target- language website and the other to a video about one of the cultures of Algeria. What is shown above was created by one student and edited by two more students for content, organization, and (last of all) grammar.
  8. 8. • Multiple drafts over time • Peer editing/proofing – Learn to be critical writers – Learn to evaluate/revise own work through practicing on others’ • Progress is graded throughout (not just final version!) • Focus on content first, then grammatical form • Introduction of new writing genre: the wiki! – Concise summaries – Integrated referencing – Integrated media and hyperlinks
  9. 9. Multiple students edited this page. The “View Diff” button on the left brings up the version for that date, with that student’s changes highlighted.
  10. 10. Before students start anything…
  11. 11. Go ahead, create lots of interesting, relevant content using your best target-language writing skills! (Hint: this is not the way to structure or introduce your wiki!)
  12. 12. • What is the wiki about? Show of hands/tweets/etc.: Suggestions? Ideas for your specific course? • What will its role be in your course? – Semester-long group project? – Individual research projects (long or short)? – Presentations of weekly news articles for comment? • What will your students be graded on? – Grammar should not be the focus of evaluation. • Writing as a process! – Evaluation of content – Evaluation of “wikiness” of final version of pages:
  13. 13. • Encourage writing Encourage multimedia – Minimum word count content • Per person? – Minimum number • Per group? • Images (2) • Videos (1) • Build vocabulary, etc. • Audio? – Minimum # of (hyperlinked) – Contextualized with writing! entries to a wiki-wide “Glossary” page Encourage references – Minimum # of hyperlinks to Encourage collaboration external websites – Minimum # of hyperlinks with other wiki pages. – List all external pages at the bottom of a given page – Minimum # of edits/comments by other students.
  14. 14. • Fr334 wiki eval criteria are included in the section about that wiki specifically at the end.
  15. 15. Tips and tricks for getting the content you want …and avoiding the tech headaches you fear.
  16. 16. 1. Incorporate wiki into During that class, go over: syllabus. – Criteria – Due dates 2. Create framework for – Topology of wiki students – Home page, criteria. Have students do each – Blank group pages, topic criteria in class as a trial pages, etc. – Write text – Make links 3. Introduce wiki in class – Embed all types of media – Students need hands-on time to explore the wiki.
  17. 17. Glossary HOME Group 1 Group 4 page page Group 2 Group 3 page page Student 10 Student 11 Student 1 Student 2 page page page page Student 12 Student 3 page Student 4 Student 7 Student 8 page Student 5 page page page page Student 9 Student 6 page page Students receive two grades: Glossary/collocation page can be • Individual page work added to any wiki configuration. • Collective group-page grade
  18. 18. Students receive two grades: •Individual page work •Collective group-page grade Instructor has included intra-wiki hyperlinks, images, and text of the sort she would like her students to create. The homepage is a model for what your students ought to produce.
  19. 19. 4. Schedule at least one 5. Wiki-draft day more day in a computer – Several days before first lab graded deadline – Students with difficulty or – Provide criteria for what procrastinators get a 2nd you expect to see by this guided tour point – Groups have some – Look to see if they are on collaboration time the right track 6. Talk to class about general observations – Do not comment harshly about specific pages.
  20. 20. 4th semester Japanese. Last semester of basic language program.
  21. 21. Instructor used English and some Japanese to encourage students to use Japanese where they can. Requirements and deadlines are listed further down on the homepage, along with group assignments.
  22. 22. • Class divided into 8 groups, 3-4 students each. • Each group has a collective page. • Guidelines for group pages include: – Length: 200 words per group member. – Multimedia: At least 1 video or audio clip embedded by EACH member. – Links: both intra-wiki and external links are required. • Students may decide to create their own pages in addition to the group page. (not required)
  23. 23. Pink strikethrough text shows student deletions from this page on a specific date, by a specific student. See these examples for the list of all revisions and this example to see the parts showing who edited a revision.
  24. 24. This page was created by one of a few students who is fairly fluent in Japanese. The embedded video shows how to make a specific dish, and there is a link to a restaurant that serves this food. This example shows how students can use a wiki to the fullest extent of their abilities - and classmates an be required to link to, edit, or comment on pages. This provides yet more input to the class as a whole.
  25. 25. 4th semester German. Last semester of basic language program.
  26. 26. • Wiki is the final culture-focused project. Serves as a basis for an oral class presentation (8 minutes) • Students choose their German culture topic they are interested in. Learn to write and talk about a cultural topic of their interest. • Collaborative research: learning about German online resources • Collaborative writing of multiple “drafts”: peer and teacher feedback
  27. 27. This course had students create individual wikis as the basis for their oral presentations. Students taking German language courses have different majors and vary in their motivation for taking German. Some of them find it simply like German music. Allowing students to work on different topics of interest provides student centered learning materials. In future implementations, we recommend that this course create one large wiki with general subpages on cultural topics. The individual groups can pick the specific subtopic of interest, for instance Deutsch-Metal, and link it to
  28. 28. Students are asked to submit an abstract to their teacher to make sure that they will the language skills to work on the project. Since the project will finally be presented as an oral presentation to the entire class the content needs to be comprehensible for all classmates. One component of the proposal is identifying German keywords.
  29. 29. • Week 5: subtopics with preliminary content outline in German • Week 6: partner feedback on content –in different font color • Week 7: instructor feedback on content • Week 9: instructor checks revisions • Week 11: instructor feedback on content and grammar • Week 13: final version of wiki is due • Week 15: final oral presentation of wiki
  30. 30. Jr/Sr required French course: Oral and Written French, with a strong grammar component
  31. 31. Thoroughly incorporated to • Wiki used as main writing syllabus and every aspect of project course. – 20 % of overall grade. – Replaced two essays. • Week 1: pre-wiki individual essay. • Oral discussions relate to wiki • Week 3: Introduction to wiki content. and hands-on tech time. • Both other paper also relates • Week 4: initial “pre-deadline” to wiki content. review and follow-up tech time. • Wiki found to be excellent tool to help students relate • 2-week page rotations for “grammar” lessons to actual duration of term. writing and content.
  32. 32. 4 francophone countries, 4 aspects Groups move together. for each country: • Each student works on one wiki • Literature page at a time for two weeks • History – Week 1: edit previous work on that page • Geography – Week 2: add new content to that • Music same page (16 pages in total) After two weeks: Students do not create new pages. • Group is assigned a new country • Students move to new topics within the new country. – Again, proofread 1st week – Develop content 2nd week
  33. 33. grade grade 2nd …….……………….. 1st ……………………… grade
  34. 34. Evaluation of rotating wiki Grade has 4 sub-points • After each 2-wk cycle, each o On-time-ness • Wiki submission not completed student receives a grade for at the last second that period (5 grades for the o Number and quality of term) external references (links) • Intra-wiki linking not required. o Style of page • Media content must be contextualized. Page must be • Extra-wiki linking is vital organized. o Grammar • Grading found to take o New culture-oriented equivalent time to evaluation vocabulary of the two dropped essays. o This point dropped from rubric
  35. 35. Instructor created homepage, main country pages, and 4 category pages for each country. On the homepage, she included a video for each country. There are also intra-wiki and external hyperlinks within the text written by the instructor.
  36. 36. These specific changes shown below were made when? And by whom? Use these arrows to click through time and see the page evolving. This is the start page provided for each subtopic of each country. Note how the deadlines and basic expectations for a given topic are enumerated, even though they appear on the syllabus and were discussed in several class sessions. This is also an example of viewing the history of a page in the wiki. The versions are all listed as shown on this slide, and an instructor can also click through using the “Diff” arrows on the top right.
  37. 37. Here is a recent version of the same page. It has a map as requested and addresses some other issues particular to Haiti, for instance the video with audio examples of Haitian Creole. At the bottom of this page, as with all pages, students hyperlinked the websites they used as references in the creation of this page, besides hyperlinking to specific content within the body of their text.
  38. 38. This is a composite of some parts of the La Cuisine Algérienne page showing rich multimedia components available in a wiki project. The video shows the process of making couscous. Students from the course have since gone to the cafe shown and reported conversing in French with people in it. Note also the References linked at the bottom.
  39. 39. Plagarism Valid references In the examples shown • Provide guidelines as to how here, instructors spot-checked much referencing is expected. suspicious text. In the Japanese and French wikis, all student work was – Once a paragraph? legitimate. – Each sentence? – At least 8 external references A more systematic way, for Blackboard per wiki page? or non-Bb wikis could be: • Provide guidelines as to what • Grade students throughout the sorts of pages are legitimate. term normally. – Must be in target language? • At the final deadline, students – Must be “appropriate” copy&paste their final pages into a – Must be relevant Word document. • Explicitly ban pages that • They must submit that document students should not use / to SafeAssign within Blackboard. cannot count as references: • This would be an additional – Wikipedia requirement of the wiki project. No – Personal blogs? SafeAssign = fail project. – US gov’t pages?
  40. 40. • Students in the advanced French course are so proud of their work, they have asked the professor to make it publicly available (outside of Blackboard) – Bb wiki allows “Export site” which downloads a zip file of all pages, embedded images, links, etc. – This can easily be uploaded to a webspace, and all links work, videos still play, etc. • The final version is linked from here: –
  41. 41. • Wikis are a great way to inspire students to think creatively about their second language writing skills • Want to use a wiki? Don’t forget to: – Decide how, why, and where a wiki will best serve your course – Make a clear framework for you and your students – Craft your criteria for grading carefully
  42. 42. Connect with us elsewhere in the tubes:
  43. 43. Susanne Rott, Charity Anne Caldwell, Michiko Kato, Adam Gacs, Caitlin Cornell