COMENIUS PROJECT 2011-2013“PROMOTE YOUR EUROREGION”LICEO CELIO-ROCCATIROVIGOITALY
Rovigo is situated in the north-eastof Italy, more specifically in theVeneto. The territory of the districtof Rovigo is completely flat. Itextends from the border withVerona and Mantua to the Adriaticcoast, where the famous Po Delta issituated. The territory is containedbetween the rivers Adige and Powhich are the first and the thirdmost important rivers in Italy. Theclimate is semicontinental with highhumidity, hot summers and foggywinters.
Rovigo has its origins during the Roman time. It was named “Rhodigium” or “Rodigo”, and it was the highest part of the “Polesine”, the area where the town is in, and all around it there were swamps and ponds. Rovigo has a pentagonal shape and it was closed within the walls of the castle.From the year 1000 Rovigo was underthe rule of the Estensi family and theypromoted the extension of the town,that was on both sides of the Adigetto, asmall river whose name comes from theAdige, another important river of thePolesine.
Later, the town went under the Venetian Republic with the “salt battle”, and it stayed this way for about three centuries. In 1800 Rovigo was conquered by Napoleon; in this period Rovigo changed radically: almost all the monuments and the churches there are now in the town were built under the French domination, so Rovigo had a new social pulse, even if the economy was still very basic.Then, in 1815, Rovigo passed under Austrian domain: even if the gatesof the walls all around the city were broken down, Rovigo experienceda period of flowering and renovation.Finally, in 1866, Italy was unified, so Rovigo went back to being part ofthe kingdom of Italy.
VITTORIO Vittorio Emanuele II’s square is one of the oldest of Rovigo and the real heartEMANUELE II’S of the town.. In the Middle Ages it was used as aSQUARE meeting place for civic and commercial activities. In the middle stands the commemorative statue of Vittorio Emanuele II - the father if the unification of Italy. The statue was built by the sculptor Giulio Monteverdi and placed there in 1881. At one end of the square stands a stone column(1519) having on its top the Lion of St. Mark, a symbol of Venice’s domination in the town.
GARIBALDI’S SQUARE Garibaldi’s square isRovigo’s second mostimportant square and itwas inaugurated in1896 by GiuseppeGaribaldi. The mostimportant symbol ofthe square is the statueof Garibaldi mountinghis horse..Set on a granite base decorated with reliefs and inscriptions, thestatue is of fine workmanship; under the character’s stirrupsthere are two crowns placed upside down by the sculptor, as asign of contempt for the monarchy.
CASTLE OF ROVIGO The Castle of Rovigo, built in 920, is the oldest relic of the urban city. Originally it included eight towers and two drawbridges giving access to the inside courtyard. Today there are two gates and two towers, both leaning, overlooking a small park completely rebuilt in 2010.
LA ROTONDAThe Temple of the Blessed Virgin ofthe Rescue, known as the Rotondafor its circle-like shape, with thenearby belfry by Longhena, is themost important monumentalgroup in Rovigo and a highlysuggestive place for the history ofthe town. The Church was built after1594 as a votive offering to theVirgin of Rescue for saving the townfrom a plague.
DUOMO DI ROVIGO The Duomo is the main church of Rovigo dedicated to St. Stephen, pope and martyr. In 920, the bishop of Adria (the Diocese of the area) Paul was allowed to temporarily move his residence to Rovigo and build a fort to guard against attacks of barbarians and heretics. Short later the building of the church was started. The present church is the result of various modifications carried out over a few centuries; as a cathedral it was consecrated in 1461.
THE ACADEMY The “Accademia deiConcordi” was born in 1580thanks to Count GaspareCampo who lovedliterature, music and arts.Since then, the“Concordiana” has beenthe heart of culturalinstitutions andassociations in the town.Nowadays it’s used as alibrary and for publicreadings and conferences.
ROVERELLA PALACE Roverella palace wasbuilt in 1474 byCardinal BartolomeoRoverella. Three yearslater, construction wasinterrupted because ofthe cardinal’s death.After many attempts atrestoration, nowadaysit houses the picturegallery of the“Accademia deiConcordi”.
THEATRE of RovigoThe TEATRO SOCIALE of Rovigo wascompleted in 1819 by the architect SanteBaseggio and the painter Niccolò Pellandi,although it was rebuilt in 1904 because ofa fire which occurred two years before. It is considered one of the most important Italian opera houses. It consists of stalls, a staircase, a row of boxes, a lodge and a gallery. The decorations are simple and elegant. On the parapets of the lower boxes we find eight portraits of famous men: Goldoni, Metastasio, Alfieri, Doninzetti, Verdi, Rossini, Bellini e Mercadante.
MUSEUM “DEI GRANDI FIUMI” The “Museo dei grandi fiumi” deals with the development and the diffusion of the archaeological, ethnographic, cultural and environmental heritage of the “Polesine”, which has always been geographically and historically linked with the two biggest rivers in Italy, the Po and the Adige.
VENEZZE PALACE Built in 1715, it was the seat of the Venezze family until their death. During the first world war it was used as accommodation for troops passing through the town. Nowadays it’s the home of the public music conservatory in Rovigo.
GRAN GUARDIAWork on the construction of the barracks of the Guards’ Corps wasstarted in 1853 and ended the following year, in 1854.The building wasdesigned toaccommodate the localestablishment of theAustrian army. Theproject is the work ofVenetian artist GiovanniBattista Medusa. Itbears witness to theAustrian domination inthe town.
VILLA BADOERVilla Badoer is a villa in Fratta Polesine, near Rovigo, builtbetween 1557 and 1563 by Andrea Palladio for the Venetiannobleman Francesco Badoer. Villa Badoer was declared worldheritage by “UNESCO” in 1996. Its main body stands on a high basement with a staircase leading to more ramps and two lateral ones that connect two “barchesse” (a kind of barns). These barns, elegant and curved, concretely realized by Palladio, remind us of open arms welcoming visitors.
Giacomo MatteottiGiacomo Matteotti was born inFratta Polesine, in 1885.He took part in politics with thesocialist movement.He dedicated his life to fightingfascism.For Fascism Matteotti was aninconvenient presence.“You might kill me, but you will never kill my ideas”
Benvenuto TisiBenvenuto Tisi was a famous 15th-16th century painter. For a shortperiod he lived in Rome. There, in1512, he worked for Pope Giulio II and he met thefamous painter Raffaello, whoinfluenced his way of painting.In 1531 he was blind in one eyebut he continued to paint until hebecame completely blind (1550).
Katia Ricciarelli was born inRovigo on 18th January 1946from a poor family. She has Katia Ricciarellibeen interested in singing sinceshe was a child. She studied atBenedetto MarcelloSchool of Music in Venice.She has beenvery successful in her career, asa lyric soprano voice, and shehas made lots of concerts allover the world. In an interview she said: “Silence is dangerous because it spreads like an oil blot”.
Marika ZanforlinMarika Zanforlin is 26 years old and she lives near Rovigo. She’s askating and ice-skating champion . She has won three National titles,three European titles and four International titles. “Sport is a good opportunity for growing physically, psychologically and for getting better.”
Veneto’s traditional cuisineVeneto’s cuisine can be divided into three differentareas:• Coastal and lagoon, with a gastronomy linkedespecially to fishing products;• Inland, linked to a cuisine based on agriculture;• Mountainous, based on dairy products.In particular, in the area of Rovigo there are typicalproducts or foods such as different kinds of lettucefrom Lusia, white garlic, clams and mussels on thecoast, rice, white melon, ciabatta bread and beans.
A typical local menu: First CourseDark BigoliIngredients (for 2): 200 gr. of bigoli 2 medium white onions 40 gr. of salted anchovies extra virgin olive oil black pepper
Second courseSalt cod with polentaIngredients for 12 people: 800 gr. of salt cod Flour Salt and pepper ½ glass of water 1 onion A clove of garlic A sprig of parsley A glass of white wine ½ liter of milk 50 gr. of butter
DessertCrostoli ( typical carnival sweets)Ingredients for four people: 500 gr. flour 5 yolks 90 gr. sugar Vanilla essence 2 spoonfuls of white grappa A liter of frying oil Icing sugar A pinch of salt A grated lemon
Wine Prosecco Dry white wine prosecco wine is an internationally famous winefrom the area of Treviso, a town north of Rovigo