Power law distribution, Tipping points, Cascade effectsLiquid modernity, Flat world, Chaos theoryPermanent instability and critical state
Present:collaborative policy making requires in-depth understanding and attention, and involves only a self-selected micro-elites of participants with total separation from non-participants and risks of group thinking. When large-scale participation occurs, input is often of low value or confrontational and data processing is mostly human, at high cost. Costs of engagement and analysis remain high, and online-discussion too separated from mainstream prioritieseven in cases where online collaboration happens, little real-world action derives. Even when ICT provides sufficient evidence, this does not translate into concrete action by government and citizens, because of confirmation bias, risk aversion, lack of attention, lack of incentives – as in the case of climate change.