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LIBERATION
THEOLOGY
“If there is no friendship with them [the
poor] and no sharing of the life of the
poor, then there is ...
LIBERATION THEOLOGY
A school of thought that explores the
relationship between Christian theology and
political activism
s...
Focuses on Jesus as not only
Saviour but also as Liberator.
As a bringer of justice
A theology, not the political movement...
Promoting liberation from
injustice and oppression
Basis – The Bible
Interpret Scripture through the
plight of the poor
BRIEF HISTORY
Started in South America in the 1950s
When Marxism was making great
gains among the poor because of its
emph...
To study the Bible and to fight for
social justice in Christian (Catholic)
communities.
The church should derive its
legit...
Gustavo Gutierrez
The FATHER of
Liberation Theology
GUSTAVO GUTIERREZ
Born: June 8, 1928 in
Lima, Peru.
Studied medicine and
humanities in Peru
Went on to Leuven to study phi...
In 1959 – ordained a priest in the Catholic
Church.
EXPERIENCES
In his youth, he has osteomyelitis.
This left him bed-ridd...
Gutierrez’s theology has led the
way for other liberation theologians,
and much to his credit advocacy for the
poor and pr...
TWO SPECIFIC BELIEFS
1) God loves all persons
equally and gratuitously;
2) God loves the poor
preferentially
Forms of Poverty
1) material poverty;
2) spiritual poverty; and
3) voluntary poverty
as protest
Material
Poverty
The poor person is someone who
is treated as a non-person, someone
who is considered insignificant from a...
Spiritual
Poverty
“one is poor” or “poor in Spirit”.
Radical openness to the will of God,
Radical faith in a providential ...
Voluntary
Poverty
A conscious protest against
injustice by choosing to live together
with those who are materially poor.
I...
Three types
of Liberation
1) political liberation;
2) psychological or
anthropolitical
liberation; and
3) liberation from ...
Political liberation – the transformation
of unjust social structures, elimination of
immediate causes of poverty and
inju...
BASIC PRINCIPLES
OF THEOLOGY
OF LIBERATION
1) social and
political level;
2) human level; and
3) salvific level
SOCIAL & POLITICAL LEVEL
Liberation is an expression of
aspirations of the oppressed classes and
peoples.
HUMAN LEVEL
Libe...
SALVIFIC LEVEL
Liberation from sin
Brings man back into
communion with God and fellow
men, which is the radical, total
lib...
THE
THEOLOGY
OF
LIBERATION
Theology is not just to be learned, it is
to be done.
“praxis“ – the starting point for
theology.
Praxis – from the Greek ...
SIN
SIN
The Use of Violence
Violence is not considered sinful
if it is used for resisting oppression.
Example: KILLING
SALVATION
Bringing about the kingdom of God
A new social order where there will
be equality for all.
Not to deny eternal l...
BASIS: ROMANS 10:9
“IF YOU DECLARE WITH YOUR
MOUTH, “JESUS IS LORD,” & BELIEVE IN
YOUR HEART THAT GOD RAISED HIM FROM
THE ...
Traditional formulation
history and eternity are two
parallel (nonintersecting) realms
SALVATION
HISTORY ETERNITY
past Pre...
CHURCH
The mission of the church seems
to be more important than its nature.
No longer “quantitative”
Rather, "at all times to pr...
Liberationists claim the orthodox
view of God
– a static being
– distant and remote from human
history.
GOD
Liberation Theologians
God is not impassive
He is dynamically involved in
behalf of the poor and downtrodden.
Stands again...
Failure of Marxist-socialist regimes
Failure of capitalism
Capitalism favours the privileged
Socialism, in practice, repre...
Three advantages
1. People's basic needs will be met;
2. Ordinary people will be active
in building a new society; and
3. ...
THE CONNECTIONS
BETWEEN LIBERATION
THEOLOGY AND
SOCIALISM ARE FAR MORE
APPARENT IN THEORY
THAN IN PRACTICE.
INDEED, GUTIERREZ SAYS THAT
"TO KNOW GOD IS
TO DO JUSTICE."
00
Liberation theology
Liberation theology
Liberation theology
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Liberation theology

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  • Nice design by the way. Content is great too, of course, thank you.
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  • Violence is not permitted by Liberation Theology. This is one of the many attacks lobbed at it by detractors. Christianity cannot be divorced from the words of Jesus, and Liberation Theology is decidedly Christianity (But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil...Mt 5: 39)
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Liberation theology

  1. 1. LIBERATION THEOLOGY “If there is no friendship with them [the poor] and no sharing of the life of the poor, then there is no authentic commitment to liberation, because love exists only among equals.” ― Gustavo Gutiérrez, A Theology of Liberation
  2. 2. LIBERATION THEOLOGY A school of thought that explores the relationship between Christian theology and political activism social justice poverty human rights Methodology – to do theology (speak of God)
  3. 3. Focuses on Jesus as not only Saviour but also as Liberator. As a bringer of justice A theology, not the political movement A coherent set of religious ideas
  4. 4. Promoting liberation from injustice and oppression Basis – The Bible Interpret Scripture through the plight of the poor
  5. 5. BRIEF HISTORY Started in South America in the 1950s When Marxism was making great gains among the poor because of its emphasis on the redistribution of wealth. Bolstered in 1968 at the Second Latin American Bishops Conference, in Medellin, Colombia.
  6. 6. To study the Bible and to fight for social justice in Christian (Catholic) communities. The church should derive its legitimacy and theology by growing out of the poor. The church should be a movement for those who were denied their rights and plunged into such poverty.
  7. 7. Gustavo Gutierrez The FATHER of Liberation Theology
  8. 8. GUSTAVO GUTIERREZ Born: June 8, 1928 in Lima, Peru. Studied medicine and humanities in Peru Went on to Leuven to study philosophy and psychology, and received his doctorate in Lyon.
  9. 9. In 1959 – ordained a priest in the Catholic Church. EXPERIENCES In his youth, he has osteomyelitis. This left him bed-ridden for most of his adolescence and forced him to use a wheel chair from the ages of 12 to 18. Experienced and observed a world of injustice and inequality, a systematic oppression of the poor.
  10. 10. Gutierrez’s theology has led the way for other liberation theologians, and much to his credit advocacy for the poor and providing a voice for the voiceless has become commonplace.
  11. 11. TWO SPECIFIC BELIEFS 1) God loves all persons equally and gratuitously; 2) God loves the poor preferentially
  12. 12. Forms of Poverty 1) material poverty; 2) spiritual poverty; and 3) voluntary poverty as protest
  13. 13. Material Poverty The poor person is someone who is treated as a non-person, someone who is considered insignificant from an economic, political and cultural point of view.
  14. 14. Spiritual Poverty “one is poor” or “poor in Spirit”. Radical openness to the will of God, Radical faith in a providential God, and Radical trust in a loving God.
  15. 15. Voluntary Poverty A conscious protest against injustice by choosing to live together with those who are materially poor. Inspiration – life of Jesus
  16. 16. Three types of Liberation 1) political liberation; 2) psychological or anthropolitical liberation; and 3) liberation from sin
  17. 17. Political liberation – the transformation of unjust social structures, elimination of immediate causes of poverty and injustice. Liberation encompasses freeing the individual from “those things that limit the capacity to develop themselves freely and in dignity.” Freedom from sin and selfishness
  18. 18. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THEOLOGY OF LIBERATION 1) social and political level; 2) human level; and 3) salvific level
  19. 19. SOCIAL & POLITICAL LEVEL Liberation is an expression of aspirations of the oppressed classes and peoples. HUMAN LEVEL Liberation is conceived as a historical process in which people develop consciously their own destiny through the social changes.
  20. 20. SALVIFIC LEVEL Liberation from sin Brings man back into communion with God and fellow men, which is the radical, total liberation.
  21. 21. THE THEOLOGY OF LIBERATION
  22. 22. Theology is not just to be learned, it is to be done. “praxis“ – the starting point for theology. Praxis – from the Greek word prasso means "to work“. Praxis must always be the first stage in the theological process.
  23. 23. SIN
  24. 24. SIN The Use of Violence Violence is not considered sinful if it is used for resisting oppression. Example: KILLING
  25. 25. SALVATION Bringing about the kingdom of God A new social order where there will be equality for all. Not to deny eternal life, but it is to emphasize that the eternal and the temporal "intersect"
  26. 26. BASIS: ROMANS 10:9 “IF YOU DECLARE WITH YOUR MOUTH, “JESUS IS LORD,” & BELIEVE IN YOUR HEART THAT GOD RAISED HIM FROM THE DEAD, YOU WILL BE SAVED.” SALVATION TEMPORAL ETERNAL MAN BELIEVE SAVED Common Denominator: Believe
  27. 27. Traditional formulation history and eternity are two parallel (nonintersecting) realms SALVATION HISTORY ETERNITY past Present, future,… NONE
  28. 28. CHURCH
  29. 29. The mission of the church seems to be more important than its nature. No longer “quantitative” Rather, "at all times to protest against injustice, to challenge what is inhuman, to side with the poor and the oppressed." CHURCH
  30. 30. Liberationists claim the orthodox view of God – a static being – distant and remote from human history. GOD
  31. 31. Liberation Theologians God is not impassive He is dynamically involved in behalf of the poor and downtrodden. Stands against oppression and exploitation Those who follow Him must do likewise.
  32. 32. Failure of Marxist-socialist regimes Failure of capitalism Capitalism favours the privileged Socialism, in practice, repression and state-control LIBERATION THEOLOGYSOCIALISM
  33. 33. Three advantages 1. People's basic needs will be met; 2. Ordinary people will be active in building a new society; and 3. What is created will be a new Latin America, not a copy of old socialist ideals. LIBERATION THEOLOGYSOCIALISM
  34. 34. THE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN LIBERATION THEOLOGY AND SOCIALISM ARE FAR MORE APPARENT IN THEORY THAN IN PRACTICE.
  35. 35. INDEED, GUTIERREZ SAYS THAT "TO KNOW GOD IS TO DO JUSTICE."
  36. 36. 00

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