Leading Positive Change For Uploading


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Leading Positive Change For Uploading

  1. 1. Leading Positive Change Dr. Chandan Vichoray BE, MBA, Ph.D Assistant Professor, DMT, SKNEC, Nagpur Email: chandan.vichoray@gmail.com “ The changes in new models should be so novel and attractive as to create dissatisfaction with past models” - Alfred P. Sloan,1922
  2. 2. Change <ul><li>The only permanent thing in life </li></ul><ul><li>Has a great impact on all aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Can be positive as well as negative </li></ul><ul><li>Can help develop strong personalities </li></ul>
  3. 3. Change Management <ul><li>Managing Change is as important as any other function </li></ul><ul><li>Relates survival to the dynamic environment present around you </li></ul><ul><li>More Psychological Parameter than technical </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves you defeated if adaptation is not there to Change </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Process of Positive Change
  5. 5. Lewin’s Force Field Analysis Model
  6. 6. An Example of the Kurt Lewin Model
  7. 7. Resistance to Change Forces for Change Direct Costs Saving Face Fear of the Unknown Breaking Routines Incongruent System Incongruent Team Dynamics
  8. 8. Leading a Positive Change <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Employee Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiations </li></ul><ul><li>Coercion </li></ul>
  9. 9. Leadership and Change <ul><li>Initiate </li></ul><ul><li>Self belief before changing </li></ul><ul><li>Constant need to adapt to the dynamic environment </li></ul><ul><li>Deterministic approach using Analytical and Psychological techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Owning the responsibility for failures </li></ul>
  10. 10. The System Approach to Positive Change
  11. 11. The Personal Positive Change <ul><li>Understand your needs and values </li></ul><ul><li>Understand your competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Set career goals </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain networks </li></ul><ul><li>Get a mentor </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nissan – A Case Study <ul><li>Nissan is a Japanese Automaker </li></ul><ul><li>Was on the verge of bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Taken over by Renault </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble with Nissan was High Debt and plummeting market share </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nissan – A Case Study Contd… <ul><li>Carlos Ghosn, given the charge of Nissan </li></ul><ul><li>Identified problem with Nissan by Carlos Ghosn was no apparent urgency of Nissan Managers to react </li></ul><ul><li>Ghosn’s Challenge was to act quickly and yet avoid the resistance to an outsider </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nissan – A Case Study Contd… <ul><li>Ghosn formed 9 cross functional teams of 10 middle managers each </li></ul><ul><li>Gave them the task of identifying innovative proposals for a specific area within 3 months </li></ul><ul><li>Each team was empowered with Authority to form subteams with additional people </li></ul>
  15. 15. Nissan – A Case Study Contd… <ul><li>More than 500 middle managers and employees participated in the Nissan Revival plan </li></ul><ul><li>The start was slow but steady </li></ul><ul><li>Ghosn reminded them of the desparate situation and injected them with the sense of urgency </li></ul>
  16. 16. Nissan – A Case Study Contd… <ul><li>Three months later, an audacious plan was submitted which said: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closing of three assembly plants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate thousands of direct and indirect jobs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting the number of suppliers by half </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing purchasing costs by 20% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting company’s debts by half by liquidating fixed unused assets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction of 22 new models within next 2 years </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Nissan – A Case Study Contd… <ul><li>Ghosn accepted all the proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Result: A profit making Nissan within 12 months after a gap of 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>Ghosn went on to become the President of Renault </li></ul>
  18. 18. References <ul><li>McShane, Steven L, Ann Von Glinow, Mary, Sharma, Radha R, “Organizational Behaviour”, 3 rd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Luthans, Fred, “Organizational Behaviour”, 10 th Edition, McGraw Hill International Edition </li></ul><ul><li>Robbins, Stephen P., “Organizational Behaviour”, 11 th Edition, Prentice Hall India </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.change-management-coach.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia.org </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>