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Social mobility

Give a detailed explanation of the concept social mobility
Discuss the differences between vertical and horizontal mobility
Discuss the consequences of social mobility

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Social mobility

  1. 1. Social Mobility Study Unit 8.2 By C. Settley
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes • Give a detailed explanation of the concept social mobility • Discuss the differences between vertical and horizontal mobility • Discuss the consequences of social mobility
  3. 3. The concept social mobility • The movement of an individual from one social status or class to another
  4. 4. Social mobility Open Class System • - A few obstacles in moving from one status to another • - Equal opportunities irrespective of birth, gender, race, religion, ethnicity, background • - Equal opportunities to alter social position/social stratification system Closed Class System • Characterized by children inheriting their social positions from their parents • Fixed/ascribed • Positions are strongly based on qualities such as race, gender, social background or ethnicity • - No control over these qualities
  5. 5. Open – and Closed Class Systems
  6. 6. Vertical and Horizontal Mobility • Vertical Mobility • Refers to the upward or downward movement on the status ladder • Example: being promoted, marrying a wealthy person • Two factors that give rise to upward mobility: • 1) a highly industrialized society • 2) highly trained individuals
  7. 7. Vertical and Horizontal Mobility • Vertical Mobility • Downward movement refers to the loss of a job or when people do the same job for less in salary wages, lack of education, early marriage or large families
  8. 8. • Vertical Mobility thus implies a change of social status!!!
  9. 9. Consequences of social mobility • Although most people rate upward mobility highly, it may have unpleasant consequences. • Adjustment to new status may cause problems (uncertainty, responsibilities) • Old friends may be exchanged due to occupational statuses.
  10. 10. Consequences of social mobility • May cause family problems. • Moving, travelling. • May result in financial burdens. • May also create false expectations. • May lead to disappointments. • Stress and psychological conditions. • Higher incidences of suicide, depression, psychosis.
  11. 11. Reference • Du Toit, D. & le Roux, E. (2014). Nursing sociology. 5th ed. Pretoria: Van Schaik.

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Give a detailed explanation of the concept social mobility Discuss the differences between vertical and horizontal mobility Discuss the consequences of social mobility

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