Background Neurolinguistic programming (NLP) is atraining philosophy. Grinder and Bandler were interested inhow people influenced each other. They studied successful therapists. Grinder and Bandler developed NLP as asystem of techniques. They sought to fill a gap in psychologicalthinking. NLP was not developed with anyapplications to language teaching in mind.
Approach The «neuro» part of NLP is concernedwith how we experience the world. The «linguistic» part of NLP isconcerned with the way the languagewe use shapes, as well as reflects ourexperience of the world. The «programming» part is concernedwith training ourselves.
Outcomes The goals or ends.«Start with the end in mind» Human beings act as goal achievingsystems.
6 steps Be positive of what you want. How will you know when you have got it? Can this goal be started and maintainedby you? Chunk-size. Specifically…when, where and how doyou want this? Conceptualize resources.
Rapport Maximizing similarities and minimizingdifferences between people at a non-conscious level. It is the ability to create a sense of trustby making people feel that you are likethem. It is meeting others in their world.
How to establish rapport?a) I hate this stuff. It´s just a waste of time.b) Everyone says that. It makes me sick.c) I can´t do it!d) This is all theory.
How to establish rapport?a) Is a part of you saying that you want tobe sure your time is well spent today?b) Who says that?c) What, specifically, can´t you do?d) Are you saying you want practicalsuggestions?
Sensory acuityUse your senses. Look at,listen to, feel what is actuallyhappening.
FlexibilityKeep changing what youdo until you get what youwant.
The presuppositions of NLP1. Mind and body are interconnected.2. The map is not the territory.3. There is no failure, only feedback… anda renewed opportunity for success.4. The map becomes the territory.5. Knowing what you want helps you getit.6. The resources we need are with us.
7. Communication is non-verbal as well asverbal.8. The non-conscious mind is benevolent.9. Communication is non-conscious as wellas conscious.10. All behavior has a positive intention.11. The meaning of your communication is theresponse you get12. Modelling excellent behavior leads toexcellence.13. In any system, the element of greatestflexibility will have the most influence onthat system.
ProcedureNLP principles can be applied to theteaching of all aspects of language.1. Inner grammatical experience as youeat a biscuit.2. Check vocabulary.3. Students are asked to relax and«go inside».4. Ask the students how they are feelingnow.
5. Say again the sentence.6. Put a piece of paper on the wall with thewords «I´ve eaten a biscuit»7. On other pieces of paper, write sentencessuch as: I´ve painted a picture. I´ve had arow with my boy/girlfriend. I´ve finished myhomework. I´ve cleaned my teeth.8. Contrast the feeling of the present perfectwith the feeling of the simple past.9. Ask them to say the sentence «Yesterday, Iate a biscuit»
A few quick definitions The art and science of communication. The key to learning. It is the route to get the results you want. Influencing others with integrity. A manual for your brain. NLP helps people make sense of their reality. The toolkit for personal and organizationalchange. NLP is the study of internal experiences: howour thoughts, actions and feelings work togetherto produce our experience.
StressThe Truine Brain Theory. It divides thebrain into three functional parts: Neocortex Limbic System Reptilian part
Concluding remarks NLP is a humanistic philosophy and aset of beliefs and suggestions. Workshops on NLP are typically short ontheory and research to justify its claims. The assumptions of NLP need not beaccepted as the absolute truth.