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W phien davy


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W phien davy

  1. 1. Western University Department of English Foundation of Education Page 1 Student’s name: Phien Davy Lecturer: Soeung Sopha Course: Foundation of Education Date: 17-08-2013 Maria Montessori (pioneer of Teaching and learning) Maria Montessori was born in 1870 in Chiaravalle (Ancona, The Marches), and died in 1952. She was an Italian educator and she devised an internationally popular method of early childhood education. As a pioneering women‘s educator, she vigorously challenged those who, because of sexist stereotyping, argued that women should not be admitted to higher and professional programs. She was admitted to the University of Rome and became the first women in Italy to be awarded the degree of doctor of medicine. As a physician, Montessori worked with children categorized as mentally handicapped and psychologically impaired and her methods with these children were so effective that she concluded they were applicable to all children. Next, the point that discuss about her principles of teaching and learning. In 1908 Montessori established a children’s school (Casa dei Bambini) for impoverished children in the slums of Rome. In this school, she constructed a special prepared environment that featured methods, materials, and activities based on her observations of children. She believed that children possess an inner need to work at interest them without the prodding of teacher and without being motivated by external rewards and punishment. Children, she found, are capable of sustained concentration and work. Enjoying structure and preferring work to play, they like to repeat actions until they master a given skill. Children’s capacity for spontaneous learning leads them to begin reading and writing on their own initiative.
  2. 2. Western University Department of English Foundation of Education Page 2 Other point is talked about education and schooling. Montessori’s curriculum included three major types of activities and experiences: practical, sensory, and formal skills and studies. The last point is Montessori’s curriculum that influence on education practices today. She emphasized that early childhood education has a high power over a person’s adult development. Her significance educational contributions include her (1) concept of sensitive periods, phases of development, when children are ready to work with materials that are especially useful in sensory, motor, and cognitive learning; (2) belief that children are capable of sustained self-direct work in learning particular skill; and (3) emphasis on the school as part of the community and the need for parent participation and support. In addition, there are thousands of Montessori schools worldwide and some six thousand operate in the United States. Most of these schools are private and use her training program (using the didactic materials in the prepared environment). In conclusion, the purposes of her education assist children’s sensory, muscular, and intellectual development in prepared environment. I think that her method for childhood education is good because nowadays there are many school still practice her curriculum. Her materials and approach to teaching and learning are widely used today. In addition, in Cambodia I saw one school (Sun Montessori School) that follows her method for educate small children. This school prepares the environment like material to develop children’s practical, sensory, and activities with children.