CHANNING SHATTUCK The Jesuit Relations
Introduction: Society of Jesus in Europe and Abroad <ul><li>Jesuits are members of a religious group known as the Society ...
Introduction: The Colonization of New France <ul><li>Jesuits hadn’t arrived in North America until quite some time after c...
Ch 2 Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons <ul><li>Jean takes into account the variety of differences between the natives culture ...
Ch 2 Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons <ul><li>Jean confidently believes that the natives non-acknowledgement of a god has lea...
Ch 3 Disease and Medicine <ul><li>Diseases that spread from the colonists to the natives was quick to kill many. </li></ul...
Ch 3 Disease and Medicine <ul><li>Natives had shamans who worked to help the sick recover using natural means. </li></ul><...
Ch 5 Writing on the Natural Environment <ul><li>They take into account the way the natives mix natural with supernatural w...
Ch 5 Writing on the Natural Environment <ul><li>Jerome speaks of animals and their natural hostility and need for vengeanc...
Ch 7 Martyrs and Mystics <ul><li>Father Isaac Jogues was a martyr who suffered by the Iroguois. </li></ul><ul><li>He endur...
Ch 7 Martyrs and Mystics <ul><li>Catherine Tegahkouita was a Iroquois convert who became a martyr. </li></ul><ul><li>She w...
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The jesuits

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The jesuits

  1. 1. CHANNING SHATTUCK The Jesuit Relations
  2. 2. Introduction: Society of Jesus in Europe and Abroad <ul><li>Jesuits are members of a religious group known as the Society of Jesus. </li></ul><ul><li>This society was founded in 1534 by a veteran named Ignatius of Loyola. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesuits felt threatened by the heathenism and paganism of the natives. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesuits made strong devotions to celibacy and fasting. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesuits were converted all over, from India to China and Japan and to the Americas. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction: The Colonization of New France <ul><li>Jesuits hadn’t arrived in North America until quite some time after colonies had been well established. </li></ul><ul><li>The French maintained allied relationships with the natives, and attempted to convert them rather than conquer them. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesuit missionaries worked independently to convert and educate the native populace. </li></ul><ul><li>Natives died of disease in masses and the Jesuits did not fully understand why. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ch 2 Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons <ul><li>Jean takes into account the variety of differences between the natives culture and his own. </li></ul><ul><li>He expresses fascination with their language and finds it difficult to transcribe prayer into their native tongue. </li></ul><ul><li>He notices differences between the way men say a word and the way a women says a word. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ch 2 Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons <ul><li>Jean confidently believes that the natives non-acknowledgement of a god has lead them to become savages. </li></ul><ul><li>He finds it hard to understand why the natives do not believe yet they are able to reason and think. </li></ul><ul><li>He tries to compare the similarities between the Huron myths and the Bible and believes that the natives at one time believed in their religion. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ch 3 Disease and Medicine <ul><li>Diseases that spread from the colonists to the natives was quick to kill many. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuits did no understand germs or immunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Their concept of medicine was very basic, such as sugar being a cure-all. </li></ul><ul><li>When epidemics struck, the Jesuits put their work into baptizing and converting, as they were not doctors and did not practice medicine. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ch 3 Disease and Medicine <ul><li>Natives had shamans who worked to help the sick recover using natural means. </li></ul><ul><li>The natives took disease to be a communal problem. The sick stayed with the community and therefore led to the rapid spread of the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>The natives had many ways of curing a disease. Sometimes they played lacrosse and other times they gambled. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ch 5 Writing on the Natural Environment <ul><li>They take into account the way the natives mix natural with supernatural without skipping a beat. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul finds these stories amusing but has a hard time understanding how people could take them seriously. </li></ul><ul><li>He recounts a fable that has to do with a boy who is orphaned because a bear and a giant rabbit kill his parents. He then uses trees as arrows to kill the bear. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ch 5 Writing on the Natural Environment <ul><li>Jerome speaks of animals and their natural hostility and need for vengeance. </li></ul><ul><li>He also speaks on the matter of earthquakes and auroras and how they are the heavens and earth speaking to the people. </li></ul><ul><li>He explains how they saw fire serpents in the air and a meteor come from the sky. </li></ul><ul><li>He also explains seeing three suns in the sky as well as a solar eclipse. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ch 7 Martyrs and Mystics <ul><li>Father Isaac Jogues was a martyr who suffered by the Iroguois. </li></ul><ul><li>He endured countless amounts of torture and pain from his native captors. </li></ul><ul><li>They tortured and killed his companions. </li></ul><ul><li>The father reminded all to stay strong and that their time would come when their God allowed it. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ch 7 Martyrs and Mystics <ul><li>Catherine Tegahkouita was a Iroquois convert who became a martyr. </li></ul><ul><li>She was regarded as a Holy Virgin. </li></ul><ul><li>The author explains how her weakened eyesight allowed to stay indoors and busy, so that she could be celebrant. </li></ul><ul><li>She held the belief of abstinence to almost extremist views; she tried to shun away from all natural and humanistic things due to her inner nature as an native to enjoy them. </li></ul>

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