Open access
to peer reviewed research:
freeing the literature
Fiona Godlee
Editorial Director (Medicine)
BioMed Central
ww...
Open access….
• What do we mean by the current publishing
model?
• What’s wrong with it?
• What are the alternatives?
Some fundamental questions
• Who owns science?
• What are the aims of scientific
communication?
• How can these best be re...
Open access…
• What do we mean by the current
publishing model?
• What’s wrong with it?
• What are the alternatives?
Open access…
• What do we mean by the current publishing
model?
• What’s wrong with it?
• What are the alternatives?
What’s wrong?
• High prices no longer reflect costs
• High prices limit access
• Fragments science
• Inefficient
• Slow
• ...
The trouble with impact factors
• Based on journals not articles
• Not good for applied sciences
• Not good for small fiel...
Open access….
• What do we mean by the current publishing
model?
• What’s wrong with it?
• What are the alternatives?
…Open access
• Dispense with subscriptions, and the things
that support subscription revenues
(copyright, access controls ...
Non-peer
reviewed
research
Centralised peer
review performed
by PubMed
Central
Peer
reviewed
articles from
journals
PubMed Central -
full text repository
of peer reviewed
research
Non-peer
reviewed
res...
•Open access
•Fully searchable and retrievable in
PubMed
•Securely and permanently
archived
•Copyright remains with author...
Peer review
Decisions based on validity not “relevance”
Peer review
Decisions based on validity not relevance
Open, with signed comments posted
Journals published by BMc
On line only
(Core” BMc journals)
•BMc Neurology
•BMc Gastroenterology
•etc
Print/on line
Genome...
Number of articles submitted to BMC each month:
Aug 2000 – Mar 2001
Number of articles accepted by BMC each month :
Aug 2000 – Mar 2001
Overall av 53 days (11/21-193)
Medicine av 68 days (22-125)
Biology av 49 days (11/21-193)
Time from submission to publica...
Can be seen by anyone in
the world
Indexed in PubMed
Available on PubMed
Central
On line submission
Open peer review
Rapid...
New
On line only
Disadvantages
What are BMC’s alternative
sources of revenue?
Now
– Advertising
Planned
– Services to authors
and users
– Author charges
Author charges
• Shift cost of quality control from user to author
• Save money (~$500 vs ~$5000 per published
paper)
• Cr...
What can librarians do to
promote open access?
• Get involved with SPARC
• Link your website to BioMed Central
– Contact B...
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  1. 1. Open access to peer reviewed research: freeing the literature Fiona Godlee Editorial Director (Medicine) BioMed Central www.biomedcentral.com
  2. 2. Open access…. • What do we mean by the current publishing model? • What’s wrong with it? • What are the alternatives?
  3. 3. Some fundamental questions • Who owns science? • What are the aims of scientific communication? • How can these best be realised in the age of electronic communication? • How should the scientific community cover the costs of quality control?
  4. 4. Open access… • What do we mean by the current publishing model? • What’s wrong with it? • What are the alternatives?
  5. 5. Open access… • What do we mean by the current publishing model? • What’s wrong with it? • What are the alternatives?
  6. 6. What’s wrong? • High prices no longer reflect costs • High prices limit access • Fragments science • Inefficient • Slow • Impact factors
  7. 7. The trouble with impact factors • Based on journals not articles • Not good for applied sciences • Not good for small fields
  8. 8. Open access…. • What do we mean by the current publishing model? • What’s wrong with it? • What are the alternatives?
  9. 9. …Open access • Dispense with subscriptions, and the things that support subscription revenues (copyright, access controls etc) • Find new sources of revenue to pay for quality control and dissemination
  10. 10. Non-peer reviewed research Centralised peer review performed by PubMed Central
  11. 11. Peer reviewed articles from journals PubMed Central - full text repository of peer reviewed research Non-peer reviewed research Centralised peer review performed by PubMed Central
  12. 12. •Open access •Fully searchable and retrievable in PubMed •Securely and permanently archived •Copyright remains with authors •Fully peer reviewed Original research
  13. 13. Peer review Decisions based on validity not “relevance”
  14. 14. Peer review Decisions based on validity not relevance Open, with signed comments posted
  15. 15. Journals published by BMc On line only (Core” BMc journals) •BMc Neurology •BMc Gastroenterology •etc Print/on line Genome Biology Arthritis Research Critical Care CCT in CVM “Niche” journals
  16. 16. Number of articles submitted to BMC each month: Aug 2000 – Mar 2001
  17. 17. Number of articles accepted by BMC each month : Aug 2000 – Mar 2001
  18. 18. Overall av 53 days (11/21-193) Medicine av 68 days (22-125) Biology av 49 days (11/21-193) Time from submission to publication
  19. 19. Can be seen by anyone in the world Indexed in PubMed Available on PubMed Central On line submission Open peer review Rapid publication Extensive promotion Opportunities to update Advantages
  20. 20. New On line only Disadvantages
  21. 21. What are BMC’s alternative sources of revenue? Now – Advertising Planned – Services to authors and users – Author charges
  22. 22. Author charges • Shift cost of quality control from user to author • Save money (~$500 vs ~$5000 per published paper) • Create direct relation between service and cost • Are subject to normal market forces • If used to fund open access, author charges: – fulfil the responsibility of researchers and funders to disseminate results of scientific research – Re-enfranchise the disenfranchised
  23. 23. What can librarians do to promote open access? • Get involved with SPARC • Link your website to BioMed Central – Contact Becky Fishman for information ( becky@biomedcentral.com) • Talk to your colleagues and faculty • Be radical

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