“Your English home”                         Welcome to                       PEN              Practical English Network   ...
Unit 6: Sentence stressSentence stress is oneof the golden keys forspeaking andunderstanding English.With sentence stress,...
IntroductionIn each of the boxes below, there are three phrases. Eachphrase has a different number of syllables but takes ...
Rule 1: Stress important content wordsIncluding:Nouns               Verbs                     Adjectives                  ...
Rule 2: Reduce or weaken function words.Function words include the following:Articles       Conjunctions Prepositions     ...
STRONG VS WEAK FORMSDeterminer     strong form(s)      weak form(s)                                       ðə   the        ...
STRONG VS WEAK FORMSPrepositions/‘Particles’     strong form(s)       weak form(s)than                               ðæn  ...
STRONG VS WEAK FORMS  Auxiliaries    strong form(s)     weak form(s)  Can/ could        Kæn/ kʊd        kən, kn̩ // kəd   ...
Exercises: : Identifying stress in phrases and sentences.Lesson 3: Phrase and sentence stress minor     Lesson 4: Phrase a...
Exercises: : Identifying stress in phrases and sentences.Lesson 5: Phrase and sentence stress major secondary   Lesson 6: ...
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6.stress in sentence

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6.stress in sentence

  1. 1. “Your English home” Welcome to PEN Practical English Network Hệ thống đào tạo tiếng Anh thực hành
  2. 2. Unit 6: Sentence stressSentence stress is oneof the golden keys forspeaking andunderstanding English.With sentence stress,some words in asentence areSTRESSED (loud) andother words are weak(quiet) Số 116 Ngõ Thịnh Quang– Đống Đa – Hà Nội http://pen.edu.vn or http://e4b.edu.vn Điện thoại: 0976.18.66.99 _ 0983.007.205 Email: e4blearning@gmail.com (2/15)
  3. 3. IntroductionIn each of the boxes below, there are three phrases. Eachphrase has a different number of syllables but takes about thesame length of time to say. Listen to your teacher or the speakeron the tape say the phrases BROAD VIEW STRONG TASTE QUICK CALL BROAD STRONGer TASTE QUICK reCALL reVIEW STRONGer disTASTE QUICKly reCALL BROADer reVIEW SLOW TURN NEW VICE SLOWly TURN NEW deVICE SLOWly reTURN NEWest deVICE Số 116 Ngõ Thịnh Quang– Đống Đa – Hà Nội http://pen.edu.vn or http://e4b.edu.vn Điện thoại: 0976.18.66.99 _ 0983.007.205 Email: e4blearning@gmail.com (3/15)
  4. 4. Rule 1: Stress important content wordsIncluding:Nouns Verbs Adjectives AdverbsLUNCH VOTE CHEAP QUITEANswer exPLAIN ACtive REALlyNegatives Wh-question words DemonstrativesCAN’T HOW THISNOT WHO THOSE OUR LUNCH was CHEAP WHY WON’T they GIVE me an ANswer? Số 116 Ngõ Thịnh Quang– Đống Đa – Hà Nội http://pen.edu.vn or http://e4b.edu.vn Điện thoại: 0976.18.66.99 _ 0983.007.205 Email: e4blearning@gmail.com (4/15)
  5. 5. Rule 2: Reduce or weaken function words.Function words include the following:Articles Conjunctions Prepositions Pronouns Auxiliary Verbsa, the and, or, To, of, from you, her, can, have, but him is, am Examples of reduced function words:a. JOHN’s an OLD FRIENDb. /Kn/ /yə/ SEE?c. GIVE it to /əm/ Số 116 Ngõ Thịnh Quang– Đống Đa – Hà Nội http://pen.edu.vn or http://e4b.edu.vn Điện thoại: 0976.18.66.99 _ 0983.007.205 Email: e4blearning@gmail.com (5/15)
  6. 6. STRONG VS WEAK FORMSDeterminer strong form(s) weak form(s) ðə the ði: ðə ə a/an ei, an ən some sʌm səm, sm Pronouns strong form(s) weak form(s)He/ His/ him Hi:/ hɪz/ him i/ iz/ im Her/ she hɜ:/ ʃi: ∂/ ʃɪ You/ your ju:/ jo: jʊ, jə We/ us wi:/ ʌs wɪ/ əs, s
  7. 7. STRONG VS WEAK FORMSPrepositions/‘Particles’ strong form(s) weak form(s)than ðæn ðənAt/ for/ from æt/ fo:/ frɒm ət/ fə/ frəm, fəm, fm̩Of/ to/ as ɒv/ tu:/ æz əv, v/ tə, tʊ/ əz, zthere ðɛə ðəConjunctions strong form(s) weak form(s) ənd, ən, n̩d, n̩And/ but/ that ænd/ bʌt/ ðæt bət/ ðət
  8. 8. STRONG VS WEAK FORMS Auxiliaries strong form(s) weak form(s) Can/ could Kæn/ kʊd kən, kn̩ // kəd əv, v // əz, z // əd,Have/ has/ had Hæv/ hæz/ hæd d will wɪl l shall ʃæl ʃəl, ʃl, l should ʃʊd ʃəd must mʌst məs, məst Do/ does du:/ dʌz də, d // dəz, z am am əm, m̩ are ɑ: ə Was/ were wɒz / wɜ: wəz // wə
  9. 9. Exercises: : Identifying stress in phrases and sentences.Lesson 3: Phrase and sentence stress minor Lesson 4: Phrase and sentence stress minor weaktertiary stress stressMark stress over the following sentences: Mark the following sentence with stress:1. She’s my friend. 1. He’s in the house.2. He’s my science teacher. 2. She’s in the kitchen.3. It’s their farmhouse. 3. They’re in the classroom.4. They’re his parents. 4. It’s in the newspaper.5. Ít my occupation. 5. She was in the hospital.6. It’s her wristwatch. 6. We were in the shipwreck.7. It’s your turn. 7. We were in a traffic accident.8. It’s my teacher. 8. He was in the barbershop.9. It’s our high school. 9. They were in a discussion group. Số 116 Ngõ Thịnh Quang– Đống Đa – Hà Nội http://pen.edu.vn or http://e4b.edu.vn Điện thoại: 0976.18.66.99 _ 0983.007.205 Email: e4blearning@gmail.com (9/15)
  10. 10. Exercises: : Identifying stress in phrases and sentences.Lesson 5: Phrase and sentence stress major secondary Lesson 6: Phrase and sentence stress major secondary stress –stress- noun modifiers noun modifiersSupply the correct stress Ex1:1. He’s a nice person. 1. It was and easy grammat book. 2. It’s her new sewing machine.2. He’s a good sailor. 3. It is the biggest high school.3. T’s a long river. 4. It is a pretty flower garden. Ex2:4. It’s a fast train. 1. We went in the green house / greenhouse.5. He’s a tall boy. 2. He’s in the dark room / darkroom. 3. Not all dark rooms are darkrooms.6. She’s a fine girl. 4. We need a black board / blackboard.7. It’s a fine hospital. 5. I’ve seen many black birds / blackbirds.8. He’s a good mechanic. 6. I saw a red bird / redbird. 7. I saw a yellow jacket / yellow-jacket.9. It was a new discovery. 8. He picked the hot plate / hot-plate. Số 116 Ngõ Thịnh Quang– Đống Đa – Hà Nội http://pen.edu.vn or http://e4b.edu.vn Điện thoại: 0976.18.66.99 _ 0983.007.205 Email: e4blearning@gmail.com (10/15)

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