Kaifeng fu, henan (河南 開封府)

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Well-known ancient China capital.

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  • Beautifully presented with great photos and very well documented. Congratulations for this great work. Thank you for sharing. Have a very nice day.
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Kaifeng fu, henan (河南 開封府)

  1. 1. Kaifeng Fu Archways 開封府牌樓 編輯配樂:老編西歪 changcy0326 按滑鼠換頁 Click for page continue
  2. 2. The Brief Introduction of Kafeng Fu 開封府簡介 The location of Kafeng Fu (Kaifeng Prefecture) is in the northern band of the east lake of Bao‟s Lake in Kaifeng. 開封府的地點是在開封包公湖的東湖北側。 Having a long history, Kafeng Fu (Kaifeng Prefecture) is well-known both home and abroad. It was the capital and the most important prefecture of the whole country in Northern Song Dynasty. The large-scale buildings are magnificent, dignified and elegant. Many historic celebrities like Kou Zhun, Fan Zhongyan, Bao Zheng, Ouyang Xiu etc.,had once been prefect of Kaifeng Prefecture. Especially when Bao Zheng was the prefect, he enforced the law strictly and was impartial and incorruptible. His good reputation lives till today. An opera describing Bao Zheng’s achievements when he was the prefect of Kaifeng Prefecture is still popular today, sounding touching and soul-stirring. 開封府具有悠久的歷史而聞名中外。這是北宋首都和全國最重要的市城。大型的建築物氣勢 磅礴,端莊而典雅。有許多歷史名人,諸如寇準,范仲淹,包拯,歐陽修等,都當過開封知 府。尤其是包拯,執法如山,鐵面無私,到現在口碑依然良好。時至今日流行的京劇中,描 述包拯開封知府的成就時,仌然聽起來動人和驚心動魄。 The rebuilt Kaifeng Prefecture today covers an area of over 60 mu (about 4 hectares, with the floor area of 13.6 thousand square meters “1.36 hectares”). Kaifeng Prefecture looks solemn, and spectacular and in great harmony with the Bao’s Temple by the west lake of Bao’s Lake. This is called “East Prefecture and West Temples”. The green and rippling lake adds more beauty to the buildings. 今日重建的開封府,佔地面積 60 畝 (約 4 公頃,包含 13,600 平方米《1.36公頃》的建築面 積)。開封府看起來很莊嚴和壯觀,與包公湖西湖旁的包公祠搭配相當和諧,這被稱為「東 府西祠」。在碧波蕩漾的湖畔點綴著許多美麗的建築物。
  3. 3. 奉詔亭 頒春亭
  4. 4. 青石浮雕照壁正中刻著一隻獨角怪獸「獬豸」(xie zhi),是傳說中 的神獸,能夠辨別善惡忠奸,警示官員要秉公執法、依法行政。
  5. 5. “Gate of Rite” is a reception hall or the guest temporary resting place. 從府門到大堂的百米甬道中間有道門,叫儀門,這是一間廡殿頂式的建 築,是用做迎送客人或暫做休息的地方。
  6. 6. The drum people beat at court to lodge a complaint against some injustice 儀門旁的大鼓,用來鳴鼓伸冤。
  7. 7. 北宋開封府印 Kaifeng official stamp of Northern Song Dynasty
  8. 8. Huge "Stone of Admonition" in the square of the Main Hall, is to encouraged officials to serve the people. 大堂前面的廣場巨大的「戒石」,有太宗皇帝的戒石銘。它的南面刻「公生明」 三個大字;其北面刻「爾俸爾祿,民膏民脂,下民易虐,上天難欺」。
  9. 9. 大堂前甬道的兩側是左廳、右廳、左軍巡院、 右軍巡院、使院和架閣庫等辦公機構
  10. 10. Main hall is a place where the Kaifeng Prefect issued decree, deal with government affairs and review public cases . 正廳又名「廳事」,俗名「大堂」,是開封府尹發佈政令、處 理政務以及府衙舉行重大活動、公開審理要案的地方。
  11. 11. 三口鍘刀 Three guillotines "Dragon guillotine" designed for royal. "Tiger guillotine" designed for corrupt civil and military officials. "Dog guillotine" designed for trouble-making bullies.
  12. 12. Conference Hall 議 事 廳
  13. 13. 梅花堂 包公倒坐南衙的蠟像展示館 Hall of Plum Blossom (Wax Exhibition Hall) 相傳,包拯實行廢牌司、開正門改革之後,京城百姓紛紛拍手稱快,告狀的人越來 越多,每天上班都有處理不完的訴訟案件,包拯於是下令打開開封府的後門,允許 百姓任何時間都可直入府內訴說冤情。而梅花堂就是當年包公便服問案的地方。
  14. 14. Wax statues of Bao Zheng interrogating in the South Yamun. 蠟像人物形態逼真、栩栩如生、惟妙惟肖,真實的再 現了包拯聽民訴訟、執法如山、為民伸冤的場景。
  15. 15. 電視劇「包青天」主題曲餘音在耳… 「開封有個包青天,鐵面無私辨忠奸, 江湖豪傑來相助,王朝和馬漢在身邊…..」
  16. 16. Pure Heart Tower: This is the cultural district introducing the prefects of Kaifeng Prefecture in Northern Song Dynasty. 清心樓:這是文化區,介紹北宋開封府歷屆 知府。
  17. 17. 清心樓 (Pure Heart Tower)
  18. 18. Bao„s bronze statue, 3.8 m high and weighs 5 tons. 3.8 5 栩像一 如*樓 生高廳 * 內 令 , 人 米立 叫 *有 絕 重一 。 達尊 目 噸前 。國 銅內 像最 神大 態的 威鑄 嚴銅 、包 栩公 站
  19. 19. 包拯生前所寫的一首「言志詩」:「清心為治本,直道是身謀……」這首詩是包公生前唯 一一首留下來的遺作,為紀念這位剛直不阿的一代清官,故將此樓命名為「清心樓」。 Bao's Motto 包拯「言志詩」 這首詩的大意是: 居心清正是治理政事的根本,正道直行是做人的準則。秀美的樹幹終將成為棟樑之材,精 純的鋼鐵決不應該做成彎鉤。倉庫充盈老鼠麻雀也會歡喜,地光草盡狐狸兔子都要發愁。 史書上記載著歷代先賢的遺訓,從政做官不要留下劣跡招致後人的羞辱。詩言志。這首詩 充分錶明了包拯廉潔奉公、剛直不阿的從政為人的道德準則,也表明了他立志做國家的棟 樑、為民造福、留名史冊的決心。
  20. 20. 999 不「人北文包 攀包稱宋正拯 附龍「官*( 權圖包員字 貴」待*希 **制以仁年 故卒」清*月 有諡;廉廬 「孝後公州 包肅進正人日 青*為聞(- 天贈龍名今 」禮圖於安 及部閣世徽年 「尚直。合 包書學曾肥月 公。士任肥 」其*天東日 之廉故章人) 名潔後閣)* 。公人待*或 正亦制中稱 、稱*國包 5 28 1062 7 3
  21. 21. From observation deck of Pure Heart Tower overlooking Kaifeng Prefecture 清心樓頂觀景台俯視開封府
  22. 22. From observation deck of Pure Heart Tower overlooking Kaifeng Prefecture 清心樓頂觀景台俯視開封府
  23. 23. QianLong Palace is the Imperial Culture District in Kaifeng Prefecture. In QianLong Palace, three emperors of Song Dynasty are enshrined including Emperor Taizong, Emperor Qinzong and Emperor Zhenzong. 潛龍宮是開封府的帝王文化區。在潛龍宮供奉著宋代 三個皇帝,包括唐太宗,欽宗和真 宗。
  24. 24. 開封府的休閒區 (Recreation Area),遊客可以漫步弦月山,享受 明鏡湖;山間的小道,流水的瀑布會帶給人一種回歸大自然的感 覺;明鏡湖里湖水清澈,魚兒在水中悠閒漫遊,爭搶食物,偶爾 翻起水花,給平靜的湖面帶來生機。
  25. 25. Fu Si West Prison Scenic Spot There are prison warder's room, Temple of the God of Prison, dead cells, jail cells for males and females and so on. 府司西獄景區 展示獄卒的房間,獄神廟,男 性和女性的死牢等。
  26. 26. Temple of the God of Prison 獄神廟
  27. 27. Dead cells of males 男性死牢
  28. 28. Drill Ground District : This is the place where important festival activities and celebrating events in Kaifeng Prefecture are held. Sights like YinWu Mansion, armory, barns, training area, Da Zhao Bi (a big screen wall facing the gate of a house) etc. are arranged here. There are performances of “Bao Zheng Inviting Envoys from Different Countries to Dinner” here every morning and afternoon. 校場區:是開封府舉行重大節慶活動的場所。像英步樓,軍械庫,穀倉,訓練區,大照 璧等景點都安排在這裡。每天上下午都會演出「包拯邀請各國使節晚宴」的文藝表演。
  29. 29. Music : Chinese Music 在水中央 http://www.slideshare.net/changcy0326

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