Why We Need to Accelerate USA-India SEI (Sustainable Energy Initiatives) Will the 21st century become a China Dominant Society? orCan USA & India work towards a Balanced Global Economic Growth? Even if Climate change does not cause mayhem,Can we continue to depend on Traditional Use of Fossil Based Energy? invVEST was created to find answers to these two questions & provide a roadmap to a sustainable future for our next generations.
China, USA & India PPP GDP* Projection as per Economic Watch**35,000,000 India’s Main Challenge:30,000,000 Inclusive (Equitable) growth China’s Main Challenge: United States Infrastructure, starting with energy Not transitioning to SEI*** in time China Political & Regional Instability Undervalued currency India25,000,000 Low/no cost financing stress USA’s Main Challenge Aging workforce Globalization Oppressive conditions Balance of Trade & Debt Cultural/Political revolution?20,000,000 Sustainable Growth15,000,000 USA China PPP GDP10,000,000 Crosses USA by 2012 Dominant China ERA? 5,000,000 India ChinaUS $Millions 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 * 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 * PPP GDP: Purchase Power Parity adjusted GDP ** Economic Watch projections are based on avg. of leading global experts (Solid Lines) *** Sustainable Energy Initiatives invVEST Intellectual Property
60 60 BALANCED POWER SCENARIO CHINA DOMINANT SCENARIO 2050 Global GDP ~$160T 2050 Global GDP ~$200T 55 USA EU 5 55 China 32% PROGNOSIS: SUSTAINABLE PROGNOSIS: UNSUSTAINABLE USA EU 5 Of Global GDP 50 50 3.0% USA 22.5% 45 China Japan 45 China Japan 2.25% China 21.5% 40 40 35 HOW? India 35 India 2.5% 3.0% 2.25% 30 30 5.0% India 14.5%In25 next 20 years: the 25 3.0% 1% 4.5% 16% USA 1% 6.0% EU5 1.5% 3.5% 20 20 6.0% EU5Energy Transition 2.5% 7.0% 15 USA 25% 15is a $80 -$120 4.0% India 9% 7.0% 10Trillion Opportunity, 10 8% 7.5% 5.0% Japan Japan China <9% 9.5% 5 6%Globally. 5 India<3% 8% 8.5% 0 0GDP $T 2010 2020 $T GDP 2010 2030 2020 2040 2030 2050 2040 2050 Global Leadership in Energy Transition will be the critical component of overall Global Leadership for this century. Without Rapid Energy Transition, the world faces unprecedented 3 global crisis that may end civilization as we know it. invVEST Proprietary
vs. India58.6 Historic data Projections Key Take Away: In the next 20 years : China’s will still add 60 Quads. But % growth slows down to 60%. for 8%+ GDP growth, India’s Energy growth must be at least 250%+ Must add at least 40 Quads Great Opportunity to Accelerate India USA-India Initiatives to solve29.3 India’s Energy Growth Needs USA CHINA : Old Paradigm Last decade Growth: 127% Unprecedented 40 to 100 Quads Growth! Energy Growth dominated by Coal. CHINA India: New Paradigm?5.86 INDIA invVEST Promoted Massive SEI* based Energy TransitionQuadsTkwh * SEI: Sustainable Energy Initiative invVEST Intellectual Property
invVEST* Purpose/Mission: Enable Global Leadership through Massive Scaling of SEI**.USA & India must generate at least 35% of it’s energy from SEI by 2030: For USA to retain global leadership and maintain sustainable growth For enabling India to grow sustainably & become a legitimate global leader. invVEST* is structured as nonprofit technology-neutral apolitical organization that promotes Sustainable Energy Initiatives(SEI) by creating a strong network of empowered Virtual Collaborative Teams. * invVEST stands for: invest through Virtual collaborations in Energy that’s Sustainable by empowered Teams ** Sustainable Energy Initiatives. 5 invVEST Intellectual Property
MISSION in ACTION: invVEST as Facilitator & Program Leaders for Massive Scale Sustainable Energy Transition TopMACRO Level: Create CASE (Council for Accelerating Sustainable Energy) to: Down Create awareness about the scale & urgency of timely sustainable energy transition. Vision Strategy Generate deep involvement from multi-disciplinary thought leaders & key influencers. Roadmap Develop a structured energy transition roadmap & create means to deploy the plan. for Technology Enable Global Leadership through Massive Scaling of SEI (Sustainable Energy Initiatives). Policy fundingWe have been deeply influenced by the works of C K Prahalad & German Advisory Council for Global Change.Micro Level Specific Engagements : (Tangible Action on the Ground)Promote Joint initiatives between USA & India Identify & deploy among Institutions, Private & Public Entities and Governments for focused research & Duplicate education that lead to Sustainable Energy Pilots, Demo Plants & Commercialization To Scale On the to realize 2030 SEI stretch targets. Ground Initiatives Identify Sustainable Energy Initiatives for Scaling Inclusive Growth be the catalyst for mass scale replication that leads to better quality of life for BOP. Bottom Critical for India‟s future sustainable economic growth driven by 5 E‟S Up* 5 E’S: Education & Energy drives Equitable growth in Economy & Employment Sustainably 6 invVEST Intellectual Property
Sizing The Sheer Scale & Key Dynamics for India‟s Energy Needs 1 Trillion Kwh = 135 x 1GW Power Plants, or 1 Gigaton of CO2 from coal plant @85% plf Solar Current Technologies @5acres/MW, 1 Trillion Kwh = 3.3 Million Acres25 Dynamic 1 Sustainable Energy 12% Reduce dependency on Traditional Fossil Energy Biomass Non-Commercial Energy20 9% Fossil Fuel Energy Key Take Away: Energy Efficiency & >23% • Fossil fuel energy grows 215 Conservation times, instead of 4, even if 4X India adopts Stretch Energy 79% 12% increase Transition Plan proposed by10 invVEST. 2X • All energy options must be 3% increase <65% considered next 20 years.5 28% 23% USA Opportunities for USA? 5.7% world • India’s sheer size of energy 69% growth creates a $4-6 Trillion0 2010 Market , next 20 years. 2030 BAU-5 Eff. & Conservation: Dynamic 2 4 T Kwh ~ 4 Gigatons CO2 Increase Equivalent to: Not having to build Energy Eff. & 2030Trillion Conservation 540 x 1 GW coal plants equiv. invVEST Stretch invVEST Intellectual PropertyKwh Eq.
C1 Defining Strength of SEI Index*: (Sustainability Energy Initiatives) SEI Index uses six different criteria to measure & index the strength of each energy cluster. The index of 0 means worst, 10 means best. For a more detailed assessment, please contact invVEST. SEI Traits Sustainable? LCOE Carbon Side Job The Glue: Smart Grid “Intelligent Energy on Demand” Reducing Energy 0-10 Massive or Energy Dependence on Vertical Clusters Scalability in future Footprint Carbon FootPrint PPI Slope PPI slope Dependency one Region or Source Effects Side Effects Creation Job Creation Because of the Sheer Scale & Complexity of Energy Transition Energy Efficiency &Convergence of Energy, IT & Telecom Technologies Conservation Cluster Solar Energy Cluster Wind Energy Cluster There is no silver bullet… Geo Thermal Energy Cluster We need to leverage the best Bio Fuels Energy Cluster portfolio of energy options Biomass Energy Cluster using the sustainability index to help Nuclear Energy Cluster Hydro Energy Cluster Other Sustainable Energy Cluster Fuel Our Economy Energy Storage Cluster Energy Transmission Cluster Cure Our Environment Energy Transportation and infrastructure cluster. Coal Energy cluster Secure Our Children’s Future. Oil Energy cluster While USA & India will have a very different Energy Portfolio, Gas Energy Cluster there are many areas for Accelerating Joint Energy Initiatives. If the energy source does not have high scores on each these six criteria, * invVEST Unique Differentiator: it may not qualify for SEI, but it may still be a renewable energy source, or may qualify as a bridge energy source. invVEST Intellectual Property
CASE** Study: Potential Energy Transition Portfolio*. Key Metrics Expressed in B kwh Eq. * invVEST Hypothesis. Needs to be validated through funded feasibility study. Genration Cap. 2007 2030 Annualized from New GW Eq. Cost Investment 2007 2030 Energy % Energy % Growth Electric Capacity installed B$/GW Billion $Coal 2,621.692 7,391 38.4% 39.1% 5.30% 70% 2,432.06 327 1.50 $ 490Oil 1,626.755 2,699 23.8% 14.3% 2.50% 5% 555.49 67 1.20 $ 120Natural Gas 457.303 1,583 6.7% 8.4% 6.40% 70% 562.30 68 0.80 $ 74 C3Hydro 128.878 222 1.9% 1.2% 2.80% 100% 106.46 16 1.50 $ 34Nuclear 50.993 789 0.7% 4.2% 14.50% 100% 743.33 89 4.00 $ 357Wind 11.409 1,403 0.2% 7.4% 27.20% 100% 1,392.79 454 1.20 $ 545Solar 0.004 772 0.0% 4.1% 83.00% 100% 771.68 440 1.00 $ 440 C2Bio Mass/BioGas 4.001 962 0.1% 5.1% 27.60% 20% 958.06 129 1.50 $ 193BioMass cooking 1,923.327 769 28.2% 4.1% -5.50% 0% $ 14Bio Fuels 4.448 627 0.1% 3.3% 28.00% 0% $ 240Geo Thermals 0.057 373 0.0% 2.0% 66.00% 100% 372.64 50 1.50 $ 75Other Renewables 0.278 1,335 0.0% 7.1% 53.00% $ 500Total Energy B KWH Eq. 6,829 18,924 5.23% 7,895 1,640 $ 3,083Fossil Energy ratio 68.9% 61.7% Other Overheads 30% $ 925Fossil Energy ratio w/o Biomass 95.9% 64.3% Total Energy Expense 2010 -2030 $ 4,009 India Energy Market Size next 20 years: A FOUR Trillion Dollar Opportunity. Energy transition will create exciting business & job opportunities globally. More so for India, because of the sheer size of energy growth. ** CASE: Council for Accelerating Sustainable Energy
USA-India Energy Transition Initiatives India Energy India Trip 3 AREDAYMILESTONES AS OF LAST YEAR Transition May „10 Aspen CO VSNI Energy Framework Meetings: Bridge to Advisory Research Position Paper Sam China & IIT‟79 DU MBA India Panel Services & Advisory Jan „10 Others Thermax STK, CO Jan „09 B2K 1stMeeting India Trip 1 India Trip 2 India Trip 4 ‟79 – ‟87 Transition „04 – ‟07 Jan „10 In Basement April „10 Oct/Nov „10 Energy Outsourcing On Energy Keynotes @ Presented @ Systems Lessons Center Keynotes @ Transition IISc DIREC (10,000 delegates) Fossil Learned IIT KGP Strategy PETROTECH PANIIT (4,000 delegates) BioMass Core Competencies PES & Roadmap PETROTECH (6,000 delegates) Energy Audit “And” IOCL R&D Conf. invVEST Meetings: EIL Efficiency Stretch Goals Virtual Teams as nonprofit Key Meetings: MNRE Meetings: Coopetition conceived MNRE CII Planning Commission TATAs IIT Universities Kalyani Grp Others Media BHEL Govt. Others Public & Pvt. Entities Media: Media: Bus.India Several journals Indian Express 1 ON One Interview With Sam @ Yojna Bhavan LokSabha TV Energy Transition ICOSA Lok Sabha, National TV invVEST have laid the foundation to establish strong credibility and networked connections in India Energy Sector 10
Eight Smart Grid Pilots to be implemented all over IndiaSam Pitroda, Advisor to Prime Minister on Innovation and Public Information Infrastructure &Chairman of India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF) announced• Eight Smart Grid Pilots will be taken up in next 18 months all over India• Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) develop Smart Grid Standards.• More towns must be covered with metering under the Prime Minister Flagship program• RAPDRP (Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reform Program),• Low cost Smart Metering solution should be developed, so that, Discos can carry out 100% installation.• Work on low cost Smart Meter and during next 18 months,• Come out with preliminary frame work for Smart Grid.• Smart Grid, which is vulnerable to cyber attacks, has to have full-proof cyber security• Requires new security technologies, standards, and law. Identify critical cyber security assets & audit and monitor on regular basis.Sam Pitroda stressed on following six points for Smart Grid pilots:1. Develop indigenous smart grid model for hardware equipment, local production and skill development.2. Address the problem of power shortage.3. Focus on theft prevention and loss reduction4. Access of power to rural areas & the poor5. Develop alternative sources of power and enhance reliability of power to urban areas6. Affordable and sustainable power productionOut of the Eight projects which includes automated metering,six will be smaller projects, and total of Rs. 600 crore will be utilized. (about $140M)
invVEST in Energy that’s Sustainable through Virtual collaborative Teams THANK YOU! Probir Ghosh Visit us at www.invVEST.org It’s inOur Vision: our hands!“Imagine a Handoff, Clean Sustainable Energy Fueling our economy, curing our environment… Securing Our Children’s Future.
Desired Outcome: Validate“…there is an enlightenedLeadership in ColoradoAddressing the Energy Issueswith a futuristic vision…”In the Context of Smart Grids &Renewable Energy Roll Outs:How Colorado is Addressing:• policy, regulation, funding• Buy-in from Utilities, Private Entities & Consumers to agree to 30% RPS by 2020
Engagements being facilitated by invVEST for Accelerated USA- India Joint Energy Initiatives At Operational Level: 1. Smart Grids, Energy Efficiency & Conservation: a Holistic Approach 2. Carbon Sequestration options and viability 3. Initiatives for hydrocarbons, enhanced gas and oil recovery services 4. Natural Gas based Fuel Cells for more efficient distributed energy. 5. Innovation Management & End to End Value Chain Development 6. Advisory for Biomass, Biofuels Products & Services 7. Certification & exec education programs 8. Programmatic Optimization & scaling CSR for inclusive growth. 9. Remote Monitoring for energy management & optimizing operations 10. Workshops for wind WRA, Solar, Sustainability index 11. Advisory services for Wind, Solar install optimization 12. Diversified Energy Portfolio Strategy, Innovation & Deployment at company, cluster, state & national level.14
Sizing The Sheer Scale & Vital Stats for India‟s Energy Needs RES(MNRE) 2010-11 Total Generation: 835 B KWH Actual Generation 2010 -11 MU 29,099 3% Hydro 114,296 Nuclear 26,285 3% 14% 105% growth Diesel 6,649 13.5% apr 1% Gas 33,246 2016-17 Total Generation: 1,715 B KWH 4% RES(MNRE) Ideal Generation 2016-17 MU Coal 625,019 95,564 75% 6% 113 GW Thermal,, 5GW Nuclear, Hydro38 GW Hydro, 18.5GW RE Installed Nuclear 182,634 Total 174 GW 69,222 11% 4% A Few Indicators: Diesel 1,576 0% Tata Power Installed Capacity 2010 - 3 GW Gas 2017 – 25 GW 71,627 4% Coal 2017 Energy/Capita 1,294,996 75% India : 1,320Kwh Colorado : 10,908Kwh 208 GW Thermal,8 GW Nuclear, 60 GW Hydro, 27 GW RE Installed Total 323GW New 149 GW
Some New Paradigms to Consider: If Energy is clean, economical & abundantly available, we will use energy in ways we have never imagined before and energy usage & markets will grow exponentially.India‟s lack of Fossil Based Energy Infrastructure compared to Developed Countries & China gives India a serious advantage to disruptively transition to Clean Sustainable Self Reliant Energy. India needs to cease the moment . The 800 million plus Rural and Urban poor in India who has no or limited energy access adopts energy efficient usage instead of mimicking developed country (especially USA) extravagant energy usage patterns. When the Market Matures the focus rightly should be on getting a larger share of the pie When the market is emerging, the focus should be on making the pie exponentially bigger. Multi-disciplinary collaborations are key enablers “Coopetition”: Brandenburg & Nalebuff India Transformed Telecom with disruptive change Can we do the same with Sustainable Energy Transition?16 The Situation Analysis produces many analogies….
CAN SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DISRUPTIVELY TRANSITION IN THE NEXT 20 YEARS FOR INDIA LIKE THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY DID IN THE LAST 20 YEARS? A FEW ANALOGIES TELECOMMUNICATIONS TRANSITION SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TRANSITION 20 YEARS AGO 20 YEARS FROM NOWIn 1990, land line based telecommunications was under sever stress In 2010, fossil fuel based energy is under severe stressPhone connections were overloaded, less than 50% made connections. Energy systems overloaded, 10 -15% shortfalls, rolling blackouts/brownouts.Today, thanks to cell phones, connections are taken for granted, leading to Can we transition to abundant sustainable energy systems that can be cleanexponential improvement in connectivity & productivity. and available on demand by 2030? Imagine what it can do to productivity. Rural India in many areas still do not have basic power connections. FamiliesThere were almost no phone connections in the rural areas. Today cell phones use chulas that cause serious health problems leading to death. Women &are ubiquitous. India has 400 M+ cell phones that are growing at the rate of children spend increasing time collecting firewood and cow dung, main cause8M+ a month because they are affordable even to the rural and urban poor. for illiteracy and low potential for earning a living.Cost of owning a phone & long distance costs were very high. Today with a Energy costs are out of reach for most rural and urban poor. Like cell phonesportfolio of choices and competition, ownership costs are low and long distance when they first came out, solar energy costs are high, but can be brought downcosts are low and even free (Skype, Google). Choice, technology & scaling exponentially with a comprehensive scaling & technology strategies. Canbrought prices down exponentially. energy become ubiquitous for all?Indias phone systems were ancient to aging. Today, Indias cell phonetechnologies(at least on the application side, we are lagging in manufacturing) The Energy infrastructure is ancient and aging, and cannot be extended withoutare the best in the world, and our rural adaptations are unique innovations a major overhaul. Can we adapt sustainable energy technologies that arecustomized for India. innovated in India and/or customized for Indias specific needs? Can we plan for off grid energy applications and possibly avoid the last mile issues? Unlike cell phones, which had very little dependencies, issues may beTransitioning to cell phones bypassed the last mile issue that lead to explosive more complex here. Create model 2020 vision urban & rural sustainablegrowth. energy communities. Learn, improve & replicate enmass.In 1990, less than 5% of the households were connected by phones. Lack ofexisting infrastructure actually turned out to be a huge plus as India & its Indias lack of fossil fuel based energy infrastructure compared to developedcompanies did not have to fight the battle to replace existing services, contracts, countries and even China may turn out to be the single largest enabler toinfrastructure. This was the single biggest reason for explosive growth.transition to new sustainable energy paradigm.Land telephone lines were an eyesore, messy and were prone to illegal Fossil based Energy as we know today, is considered a dirty word and istapping, and was a maintenance nightmare. Cell phones bypassed all theseharmful to the environment. Clean Sustainable Energy, locally availableissues. abundantly, can be used in ways we have not imagined before.in 1990, Telecommunications was totally govt.controlled and not open to local Energy is still primarily in Govt. control. Private and global competition will bringand global competition. Global competition improved quality brought prices the best technologies, and like before, Indian innovativeness and enterprise willdown and scaling increased market size dramatically. find ways to provide the best at the lowest costs.Telecom & IT Industry transformation have generated hundreds of Transition to clean sustainable Energy will generate 4 Trillion inBillion dollars in revenue stream and employs 10s of million people. revenues and provide means for employing 100s of million people. Energy is the lifeblood for growing Indias future economy. MassiveToday, Telecommunications is one of the most vibrant industry in India. Scaling of SEI (Sustainable Energy Initiatives) that lead to clean,One can make a similar case for information technology services. Both ubiquitous and economically viable energy solutions can transforminitiatives will be key components of a successful energy transition to India into a bonafide global powerhouse and dramatically improve theclean sustainable self reliant energy for India. quality of life for the masses. 17
Arjun Malhotra: Chief Mentor, invVEST.in Chairman & Founder: Headstrong, Co-founder HCL, now $3B Plus Organization.. Chair,TiE Global, BOD Co-Chair, PAN IIT Alumni. Board of Governors: IIT KGP foundation; ISB, Hydrabad; Mr. Malhotra studied at The Doon School, Dehradun, IIT, Kharagpur, B.Tech. (Hons.) inv Electronics & Electrical Communication Engineering, Advanced Management Program at Harvard Business School. Mr. Malhotra wasV awarded the Albert Einstein Technology Medal for 2001.ES Subir Das: Managing Director, India Initiatives, invVEST.T Mr. Das is a Chartered Accountant with over 28 years of experience in India. He was the C.E.O. of a large Plantation Company in India. Subir’s special interests lie in providing solutions to Policy, Regulatory, Legal framework & Funding for Sustainable Energy initiatives in India.I Mr. Das is well versed in India’s Energy Initiatives such as National Solar Mission; Biofuels and Biomass based energy; with access to MNRE,CERC & many other Energy related Entities. Subir graduated from St. Xavier’s College, Calcutta and is a Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. SubirN is a Board Member with several Public Sector Companies as their energy advisor for new ventures, mergers , JVs, and acquisitions.DI Anand Kumar: Board of Advisors, India Initiatives, invVEST.A Anand Kumar has over 36 years of experience, most recently as Director (R&D), IndianOil Corporation Ltd. His experise lies in oil refining, refinery planning, optimization, operations management, modernization, revamping, technology evaluation, selection, project management, R&D, development, demonstration & commercialization of technologies, business process re-engineering, change management,T transformation & turnaround, innovation, environment, safety. He has over 40 published papers, several awards and 11 patents to his credit..E Anand Kumar has a B.E. in Chemical Engg, FAIMA. Board Member, Trustee of several Organizations & Universities.A Abhay Nalawade: Board of Advisors, India Initiatives, invVEST.M Abhay Nalawade is the Managing Director of EcoAxis Systems Pvt. Ltd. which provides a machine-to-machine (M2M) technology platform for control, continuous remote has monitoring and analytics for energy (heating, cooling and power), water, and waste water systems, and CDMM projects. Prior to this, Abhay was the CEO & Managing Director of Thermax.. Abhay Nalawade graduated in Physics and has an MBA fromE Pune University. He also completed a program in Management Development from Harvard Business School. He is a Board Member with several Private Sector Companies.MB Dr. Ashok Jhunjhunwala: Board of Advisors, India Initiatives, invVEST.E Dr. Ashok Jhunjhunwala teaches at IIT, Madras, where he leads the Telecommunications and Computer Networks group (TeNeT). This groupR works with industry in the development of technologies relevant to India. Prior to this, he was an Asst. Prof with Washington State University. Dr. Jhunjhunwala is on the Board of Directors for State Bank of India, TTML, Polaris, 3i Infotech, Sasken, Tejas, IDRBT, Tata CommunicationsS and Exicom. He is member of Prime Minister’s Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC-PM). Dr.Jhunjhunwala received his B.Tech degree from IIT, Kanpur, and his MS and Ph.D degrees from the University of Maine. Dr. Jhunjhunwala was awarded the Padma Shri honor in 2002.S Samiran Gupta: Founding Ambassador, Delhi, India Initiatives, invVEST.AM Mr. Samiran Gupta is the founding Ambassador for invVEST Delhi. He with his company Access India Advisors Limited work closely with invVEST to build a network of thought leaders and promote an ecosystem for collaborative efforts between NGOs and Government,P Companies, Professional Bodies, Educational and Research Institutions, for massive scaling of SEI: Sustainable Energy Initiatives thatL embraces long term inclusive growth for India to emerge as a global leader in the foreseeable future. Samiran has a B.COM from Calcutta University and an MBA from St.Josephs. University.E A more detailed list of invVEST team members and their area of expertise can be found at www.invVEST.org
i Dr. Rajan Kapur: Director USA & India Initiatives. invVEST Ambassador, Solar Energy.n Dr. Rajan Kapur started his career in custom chip design at AT&T Bell Labs. He continued in chip and system development in display technologies and consumer electronics at start-ups and mid-sized companies. Dr. Kapur is anv alumnus of IIT Kanpur, Rice University, and the University of Texas at Austin.VE Michael Miller: invVEST Board of Advisors. Renewable Fuels.S Mike Miller has 30 years of experience in leading multi-nationals such as BP, Castrol, PepsiCo and Ford. MillerT spent the previous decade, in Europe and Asia, leading large, cross-functional petroleum teams in complex cultures and demanding environments. He was the first American appointed to an overseas CEO spot by Burmah Castrol plc. Miller holds a MBA from the Harvard Business School and has a B.S. in BusinessU Administration from Northeastern UniversitySA Dr. W.S. Sampath: invVEST Ambassador, Solar Energy. Dr. Sampath is Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. He graduated from IIT, Madras in 1980 and has been with CSU since 1985. He is a member of theT National CdTe R & D Team sponsored by the Dept. of Energy. The research on improving the manufacturing of CdTe photovoltaics has been the main focus of his research since 1991. The research has been supported by NSF, DOE, EPA,E USAID, UN-ICS and Industry. The research is being commercialized by Abound Solar.AM Vinod Kumar: invVEST Ambassador: Energy Storage, Alternative Energy Transportation. Vinod’s specializes in the transportation sector and in the promise of electric and fuel cell driven vehicles. Vinod has a B. Tech., Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur, India; MS, Mechanical & AerospaceM Engineering, University of Notre Dame; MSE, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University; MS,E Statistics, Iowa State University; MBA, Cornell University. He has worked for General Motors (US) since 1994 in theM field of Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Battery packs for automotive applications. He has seven patents.B Dr. Sanjai Bhagat: invVEST Ambassador, Finance.E Dr. Bhagat is a nationally recognized expert on: Financing of high-tech ventures, Governance aspects of the subprimeR crisis,Valuation of private corporations,,Corporate governance and executive compensation. Dr. Bhagat is Professor of Finance at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He has worked previously at the U.S.S Securities and Exchange Commission, Princeton University, and University of Chicago. He has an MBA from the University of Rochester and a Ph.D. from the University of Washington.S Dr. Pramod Jain: invVEST Ambassador, Wind Energy.A Dr. Pramod Jain is a recognized expert in the field of wind resource assessment and has an in depth knowledge of all aspects of wind energy projects. He is the author of Wind Energy Engineering. He is responsible for all theM planning activities from concept to pre-construction for several large projects. Pramod is an alumnus of IIT Bombay,P University of Kentucky, Lexington and University of California, Berkeley.L Karthik Krishna: invVEST Ambassador Smart Grid Initiatives.E Karthik Krishna’s areas of expertise include smart grids, power market dynamics, distributed energy technologies, bioenergy and technology commercialization. He currently holds the position of Sr. Project Engineer at Colorado Springs Utilities . Karthik worked as a Research Engineer at Advanced Power Systems Research Center – Michigan Technological University. Karthik has been an active member of US NIST led Smart Grid Interoperability Panel. Karthik graduated with a Masters degree in Mechanical Engineering in 2006 and a MBA in 2009, both from Michigan Tech.
Joint Initiatives are a two way street, While many Colorado initiatives can be adapted for India Energy Initiatives, We can learn from many India energy initiatives….
Creating a Collaborative yet Agile CASE: Council for Accelerating Sustainable Energy Adapting from the German Advisory Council For Global Change Model &Customers: C K Prahalad & Gary Hamel’s “Competing For the Future”Residential PMO endorses• Rural Masses MoF & Ministry of Ministry of• Urban Poor P&NG, Sam Pitroda+ Environment• Middle Class Planning & Forestry, Coal, Commission Power, Public Sector• Affluent Energy Agriculture, Atomic Energy. Policy Makers Public Sector Transportation, initiatesCommercial IOCL, BPCL, External Affairs leads? DST, HRD CERC, SERC, NTPC,Industrial HPCL, ONGC, CASE: Council for Accelerating OIL, GAIL CASE: Information MNRE Council for Accelerating Technologies Sustainable Energy Funding Communities Core Group: 10 Education & invVEST as Idea Generator, Research Institutions Program Manager & Catalyst Energy Private TERI Sector, EIA International Industry Private invVEST Parties IEA Communities + Associations Foundations CII, FICCI, Institutions Other Energy Forum MEDIA Communications NRIs NASCOM Experts? Spearheads Awareness QUESTION: & Accountability Who would be the Ideal key thought Leader(s) & Influencers for each area? If a core group of 8 -10 is selected to frame and deploy , who would be your choice? Who are we missing as Key Stakeholders? Is there a different way? Smaller Agile Groupings? Do we need Energy Czar(s)?
Morphing from a Pyramid to a Diamond Promote & Identify Successful Rural Based Sustainable Energy Initiatives & be the catalyst for mass scale replication that leads to better quality of life. Critical for India‟s future sustainable growth. adapted from “The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid” by C K Prahalad & 100‟s of idea exchange sessions with social workers and thought leaders in India Rich 20 M Historically, developing Urban 40%?? economies has seen a Affluent 200 M Far greater migration to urban Rural 60%?? Can India buck the trend? Urban 30% Rural 70% Middle Class 800 Million People Rich 4 M Affluent 50 M Middle Class Diamond in the Rough 300 Million People 5 E’S* $1500/year or less 400 Million People BOP: Bottom of The Pyramid $750/year or less 800 Million People India Desired Future State 2030 GDP US $6,000B+ India Current State 2010 GDP per Capita $4,230+ GDP US $1,400 B23 GDP Per Capita $1,200 * 5 E‟s: Education & Energy drives Equitable growth in Economy & Employment Sustainably
Identifies &Promotes Successful Rural Based Sustainable Energy Initiatives & be the catalyst for mass scale replication. A holistic viewpoint: Energy as the lifeblood that leads to better quality of life Rural Goal Improve Income Opportunities Improve Farm Based Services Non Farm & Quality of Life Produce Productivity Opportunities Manufacturing Education Cottage Industry Social Networks HealthCare pumps BPO Connectivity Component mfg. Amenities dryers Services Health clinic Retail assembly/support Water grinders School Roads Shops tillers Info Kiosk Energy BOP Households SEI Energy Services Currently may constitute 90%+ of energy needsWood Cooking NON BOP Inefficient cookstoves: significant pollutersCow Dung Heating & cause of child and female smoke inhalation fatalities HouseholdsFarm Waste Grid Electric Diesel generators Back to Grid? To manage demand response? Net Energy Generator? Managed Services Micro-Financing Retail/individual Solar, Bio Gas PURA Scheme, CSR household based Wind, Other? 24 System Integrated Project Services Solar, Bio Gas, Other?
invVEST in Energy that’s Sustainable through Virtual collaborative Teams Thank You Visit us at www.invVEST.org It’s inOur Vision: our hands!“Imagine a Handoff, Clean Sustainable Energy Fueling our economy, curing our environment… Securing Our Children’s Future.