The SunShot Program   The Dollar a Watt TeamProgram Name or Ancillary Text   eere.energy.gov
Imagine a World…                What if we had subsidy-free solar                 electricity at an LCOE of 5-6 ¢/kWh ??? ...
Enabling this WorldARPA-E Summit          doe.energy.gov
What is SunShot?    • Price and date targets          – 5-6¢/kWh fully installed at the MW            scale by 2020       ...
SunShot enables unsubsidized             deployment of solar energy             Total PV Generation Fraction20%18%       $...
SunShot enables unsubsidized            deployment of solar energy                $1/Watt 2030 Cumulative PV Capacity Map ...
Taking a Team Approach                                      R. Ramesh                                    SunShot Director ...
Core Funding Strategy                                    Technologies not ready          Final phase may include          ...
R,D & D Roadmaps : Guiding Technology     Development and Deployment  • Roadmap for Module: Materials, manufacturing, inte...
Engaging the stakeholders    •    Dollar a Watt Workshop, August 2010    •    Solar Roundtable, Jan 13    •    Soft BOS wo...
Algorithms : PV Module                     Technologies     $    Watt         ∝           Manufacturing Cost              ...
Barriers based investment :CIGS Modules    $   Watt        ∝          Manufacturing Cost             Efficiency           ...
Approach to 50c/W Modules:CIGS Modules    $   Watt        ∝          Manufacturing Cost             Efficiency            ...
Barriers based investments:CIGS Modules    $   Watt        ∝          Manufacturing Cost             Efficiency           ...
Barriers based investments:CIGS Modules    $   Watt        ∝          Manufacturing Cost             Efficiency           ...
Barriers based investments:CIGS Modules $Watt     ∝       Manufacturing Cost          Efficiency                          ...
Balance of SystemARPA-E Summit        doe.energy.gov
Power Electronics for Commercial           Rooftop Solar                            Goal: Module level MPPT (>98%)        ...
Power Electronics for                   Utility Scale SolarGoal: Consolidate the number of inverterse.g., 20 MW installati...
Balance of Systems : A complex              beast to tackle!!                                               Today   2014  ...
Utility Scale BOS•    Opportunity for small improvements in a range of areas•    Three elements of the strategy:      1. D...
PV BOS Hard Costs Workshop• Topic 1: Transformational Building Integrated  Photovoltaic (BIPV) Modules (Cost Target <$2/W)...
Why SunShot ?                                    1995: 43%      • Global Competitiveness                  2000: 27%       ...
Thank You                ramamoorthy.ramesh@ee.doe.govARPA-E Summit                        doe.energy.gov
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Arpa e doe dollar per watt 2 28 2011 workshop

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Arpa e doe dollar per watt 2 28 2011 workshop

  1. 1. The SunShot Program The Dollar a Watt TeamProgram Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov
  2. 2. Imagine a World… What if we had subsidy-free solar electricity at an LCOE of 5-6 ¢/kWh ??? • Scaling without Subsidies • Jobs and Competitiveness • National Energy Security • Healthy EnvironmentARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  3. 3. Enabling this WorldARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  4. 4. What is SunShot? • Price and date targets – 5-6¢/kWh fully installed at the MW scale by 2020 – Unsubsidized grid parity in residential and commercial markets by 2020 • Transformational technologies – PV Modules – BOS – Power ElectronicsARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  5. 5. SunShot enables unsubsidized deployment of solar energy Total PV Generation Fraction20%18% $1/Watt $1.50/Watt16% SP targets14% $2/Watt12% Reference10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 Total PV Capacity 700 $1/Watt 600 $1.50/Watt 500 SP targets Goodrich, Margolis, et al 400 $2/Watt Reference GW NREL 300 200 100 0 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 ARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  6. 6. SunShot enables unsubsidized deployment of solar energy $1/Watt 2030 Cumulative PV Capacity Map (375 GW total) Total PV Capacity (GW) <1 1- 3 3- 5 5- 8 $1/Watt 2050 Cumulative PV Capacity Map (610 GW total) 8 - 12 12 - 17 > 17 Goodrich, Margolis, et al NRELARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  7. 7. Taking a Team Approach R. Ramesh SunShot Director Minh Le Rajeev Ram PV Module Module Task Power Power Electronics EERE Force (EERE) Electronics ARPA-E (ARPA-E) GOAL : 50c GOAL 10c /Watt /Watt Tex Wilkins Kevin Lynn CSP Systems Integration EERE EERE Balance of Fundamental Systems Research (EERE) (SC) GOAL: Jim Horwitz 40c /Watt Jennifer De Cesaro Fundamental BOS-Software Science Rachel Tronstein & EERE OS John Lushetsky, SunShot Strategic Planning, EERE Advisory Board : Bill Brinkman ( OS); Arun Majumdar (ARPA-E); Cathy Zoi (EERE)ARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  8. 8. Core Funding Strategy Technologies not ready Final phase may include for integration teams may down select competition continue in development for large scale deployment on Government facility. VERTICALLY INTEGRATED TEAMS (based on road maps)ARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  9. 9. R,D & D Roadmaps : Guiding Technology Development and Deployment • Roadmap for Module: Materials, manufacturing, integration, reliability testing • Roadmap for Power Electronics: Component innovations, communication protocols • Roadmap for Balance of System: Materials, Design, Automation • Industry, National Labs and Academia deeply involved in creating and implementing road mapsARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  10. 10. Engaging the stakeholders • Dollar a Watt Workshop, August 2010 • Solar Roundtable, Jan 13 • Soft BOS workshop Feb 9 • Power Electronics Workshop Feb 8 • Hard BOS workshop Feb 9 • Manufacturing/Demonstration workshop March • CSP workshop : March 2 • This workshop • Website, blogsite,… • More to come …ARPA-E Summit 12 doe.energy.gov
  11. 11. Algorithms : PV Module Technologies $ Watt ∝ Manufacturing Cost Efficiency η ∝ J SC ⋅VOC ⋅ FF EfficiencyARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  12. 12. Barriers based investment :CIGS Modules $ Watt ∝ Manufacturing Cost Efficiency η ∝ J SC ⋅VOC ⋅ FF $3.50 $3.00 $2.50 $2.00 $/WDC $3.50 $1.50 $0.42 $0.28 $1.00 $1.70 $0.28 $0.22 $0.50 $0.50 $0.00ARPA-E Summit 16 doe.energy.gov
  13. 13. Approach to 50c/W Modules:CIGS Modules $ Watt ∝ Manufacturing Cost Efficiency η ∝ J SC ⋅VOC ⋅ FF Cost Drivers Reduction Pathways Technical Risk Potential Materials cost and availability High Medium Thinner layers or replacement with (Indium, selenium, cadmium) Earth abundant and benign materials (e.g., CZTS, ZnS, …) Transparent Conductors High Low ITO alternative materials and/or deposition methodologies Large scale spatial uniformity High Medium Improved in-situ metrology, thermal and improved throughput control, and elimination of chemical with same or lower cost of bath CdS capital Glass and/or Encapsulants Medium Medium Flexible low-cost front and backsheets with low WVTR (i.e., ultrabarriers, glass replacement) Operational costs of Medium Medium Eliminate batch selenization, alternative selenization ovens deposition methodologies (e.g., atmospheric deposition).ARPA-E Summit 17 doe.energy.gov
  14. 14. Barriers based investments:CIGS Modules $ Watt ∝ Manufacturing Cost Efficiency η ∝ J SC ⋅VOC ⋅ FF Potential Technical Current Pathways Action Risk Increase (mA/cm2) Larger band gap junction 2.5 Medium Replace CdS ( e.g. 2.5 eV) with wide partner bandgap emitter (i.e., ZnS (3.1 eV)) Improved TCO 1.5 Medium Develop TCO with high conductivity, transparency, environmental stability (i.e., a-InZnO) Reduce CdS window 1.5 Medium Develop 20 nm thick continuous CdS layer thickness layer without shunting. Minimize reflection off 1.5 Medium Develop a suitable low cost anti- CIGS surface reflection coating Improved monolithic 1 Low Reduce line width of laser/mechanical integration scribingARPA-E Summit 18 doe.energy.gov
  15. 15. Barriers based investments:CIGS Modules $ Watt ∝ Manufacturing Cost Efficiency η ∝ J SC ⋅VOC ⋅ FF Potential Technical Voltage Action Risk Pathways Increase (V) Increase the Ga/In 0.1 Medium Increase CIGS deposition ratio in CIGS by a temperature via higher factor of 2 to 3 temperature glass substrates or alternative stable substrates. Improve the absorber 0.05 Medium Implement in-situ quality carrier lifetime and control at minimal additional concentration costARPA-E Summit 19 doe.energy.gov
  16. 16. Barriers based investments:CIGS Modules $Watt ∝ Manufacturing Cost Efficiency η ∝ J SC ⋅VOC ⋅ FF Technical Potential FF Pathways Action Risk Increase Reduce parasitic 0.10 Low Improve the density, phase, leakage current and crystallinity of the absorber Reduce contact 0.07 Low Improved TCO and contact resistance grid combinationARPA-E Summit 20 doe.energy.gov
  17. 17. Balance of SystemARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  18. 18. Power Electronics for Commercial Rooftop Solar Goal: Module level MPPT (>98%) Barrier: Cost & reliability Approach: DC/DC or DC/AC module integrated converters Goal: Light weight, roof-top inverter 99%, 200-500kW, eliminates DC conduit and wiring Barrier: High-frequency switches and magnetics AC switches (for current drive architectures) Approach: Wide-bandgap switches with advanced magnetic materials Actively Engaging the Stakeholders: Extracts from Power Electronics WorkshopARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  19. 19. Power Electronics for Utility Scale SolarGoal: Consolidate the number of inverterse.g., 20 MW installation will have 20 x 1MW invertersBarrier: Longer wiring, limited by lossApproach: Higher DC bus voltages DC/DC boost converters at module string (w/ MPPT)Goal: Improve power quality while delivering cost high frequency electronics - improved EMI, reduced harmonicsBarrier: - Low loss, high-voltage switches and magnetics - Utility ‘ownership’ of line frequency transformerApproach: Wide-bandgap switches with advanced magnetic materials Actively Engaging the Stakeholders: Extracts from Power Electronics Workshop ARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  20. 20. Balance of Systems : A complex beast to tackle!! Today 2014 2017 BOS is different for Utility vs. Commercial vs. ResidentialARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  21. 21. Utility Scale BOS• Opportunity for small improvements in a range of areas• Three elements of the strategy: 1. Design innovations 2. Materials and Mechanics 3. Installation approaches and automation AutomationPlug and Play with BIPV Wiring, Frameworks, MechanicsARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  22. 22. PV BOS Hard Costs Workshop• Topic 1: Transformational Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Modules (Cost Target <$2/W) – Develop a business case for integrating PV into a roofing product with the potential for GW’s of installations – Develop a partnership with a roofing company – Encourage the Integration of Power Electronics – Demonstrate a form factor and installation design that reduces the temperature of both the PV cell and the roof assembly – Develop a highly reliability product with lifetimes of 20 years or more – Demonstrate a form factor that can be quickly and easily installed.ARPA-E Summit 26 doe.energy.gov
  23. 23. Why SunShot ? 1995: 43% • Global Competitiveness 2000: 27% 2009: 6% • Energy Security • Environmental Issues • Life without subsidiesARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov
  24. 24. Thank You ramamoorthy.ramesh@ee.doe.govARPA-E Summit doe.energy.gov

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