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About QTP 9.2


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  • Hi,

    Technology Specific Guide for QTP is a new book that has got great feedback from all the readers. It will get you started on the path of automation, introducing solutions, roadblocks, patches and ideas that will give you a solid foundation in the field of automation. Everyone from a novice user to an automation expert will have something they would have never heard of or used.

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  • The show was excellent all your pages were excellent i sinup to the site and then opened the the slide show iam able to see all the pages hope every body shuld do this, this is the best way to practice the knowledge and share our knowledge really appreciate you Mr chandrashekar.
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  • Dear Friends,

    For real time concepts on quicktest professional, training , QTP scripts and Certification Material, you can visit . The posts are updated regularly. If anyone would like to contribute, please feel free to contact me. Refer my blog for contact details..

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    For basic tutorials on QTP, you can visit


    Keywords: QTP, quicktest, hp, qtp certification, quicktest professional, qtp training, qtp help, checkpoint, data table, qtp blog, qtp advanced concepts
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About QTP 9.2

  1. 1. <ul><ul><ul><li>Automation Fundamental Concepts and Intro. about QTP 9.2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>--Chandra Sekhar </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Automation Fundamental Concepts <ul><li>What is Test Automation ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Software Test Automation is the process of automating the steps of manual test cases using an automation tool Or utility to shorten the testing life cycle with respect to time… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When application undergoes regression, some of the steps might be missed out or skipped which can be avoided in Automation… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automation helps to avoid human errors and also expedite the testing process… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To implement the Test Automation detailed planning and effort is required </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Automation Fundamental Concepts <ul><ul><li>Automation saves time and effort which results in reduction of the Test life cycle… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits of Automation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Consistency of Test Execution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Reducing cycle time of regression test cycles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Data driven testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Repeatability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Reusability of test wares </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Automation Fundamental Concepts <ul><li>Automation life cycle is a subset of the entire test life cycle… </li></ul><ul><li>Automation planning can be initiated in parallel to the test planning phase… </li></ul><ul><li>Factors to be considered in automation planning, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stability of AUT (Application under test) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No of regression cycles to be performed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility of App platform with testing tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost benefit analysis (ROI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of skilled resources </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Regression Testing & Automation <ul><li>When Automation is applicable? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regression Testing Cycles are long and iterative. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the application is planned to have multiple releases / builds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it’s a long running application where in small enhancements / Bug Fixes keeps happening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test Repeatability is required </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Technologies Supported <ul><li>Default Support 1. Standard Windows applications 2. Web objects / Applications 3. ActiveX controls 4. Visual Basic applications </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Add-ins QuickTest Professional Java Add-in 9.1 QuickTest Professional .NET Add-in 9.2 QuickTest Professional Oracle Add-in 8.2 QuickTest Professional PeopleSoft Add-in 8.2* QuickTest Professional Add-in 8.2 for SAP Solutions QuickTest Professional Siebel Add-in 8.0* QuickTest Professional Stingray Add-in 8.2 QuickTest Professional Terminal Emulator Add-in 8.0* QuickTest Professional VisualAge Smalltalk Add-in 8.2 QuickTest Professional Web Services Add-in 9.2 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Supported Browsers <ul><li>Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 Service Pack 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Netscape Browser 8.1.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Mozilla Firefox 1.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Mozilla Firefox 2.0 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Add-in Manager <ul><li>Default Add-ins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ActiveX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual basic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Add-Ins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Siebel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Java </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.Net and many more </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Add-in Manager Cont… <ul><li>QTP’s Add-in Manager facilitates the users to select the technology / environment from variety of environments suitable for the AUT (Application Under Test) </li></ul><ul><li>Once an add-in is loaded, users can record that application in its supported environment and thus QTP recognizes the objects specific to the application under test (AUT) as loaded through Add-in Manager. </li></ul><ul><li>It is critical for the users to know the development technologies / environment of AUT, and load right Add-Ins while invoking Quick Test Pro. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quick Test Professional - Record & Run Modes <ul><li>Recording Modes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Normal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Run Modes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Normal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Update </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Quick Test Professional -Tools  Options  General <ul><ul><li>Click on “Restore Layout” button to reset screens to the initial setting when QuickTest was first installed. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Quick Test Professional - Tools  Options  Run
  13. 13. Quick Test Professional - Options  Run <ul><li>Best Practices for Options for Run Mode: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run Mode as Normal: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This ensures that the execution arrow appears to help with trouble shooting the tests. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Synchronization becomes better for the AUT (Application Under Test) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test Results: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deselect the option “View Results when run session ends” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mercury Tool Integration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Select &quot;Allow other Mercury products to run tests and components“ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screen Capture: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Save step screen capture to results &quot;On error and warnings&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Automation  Record and Run Settings
  15. 15. Record and Run Settings <ul><li>Best Practices for Record & Run Settings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set the options to configure QTP to &quot;Record and run test on any open Windows- based application“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set the option - This window will appear the first time you click on the Record button in the new test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manually recall this window by selecting Automation  Record and Run settings </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. QTP - Main Window
  17. 17. QTP - Main Window <ul><li>Test Pane: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test Pane contains two labs to view the tests, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Keyword View </li></ul><ul><li>- Expert View </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyword View: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quick Test Pro displays your test in the form of a collapsible, icon based tree… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert View: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quick Test Pro displays the source code (VB Script) of the tests in this view. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Resources  Object Repository Can add a New Object to the repository More properties for recognizing the object can be added to the list. The value of property can be edited here.
  19. 19. Resources  Object Repository Manager
  20. 20. Resources  Associate Repositories Add shared Repository
  21. 21. Resources  Object Repository Associate repository is added to the Filter option.
  22. 22. Object Repository  Merging tool Secondary Repository Primary Repository .
  23. 23. Object Repository  Comparison Tool Comparing two repositories'
  24. 24. VB Script basics – Data Types
  25. 25. VB Script basics – Variables & Constants <ul><li>Declaring Variables </li></ul><ul><li>Naming Restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Scope and Lifetime of Variables </li></ul><ul><li>Assigning Values to Variables </li></ul><ul><li>Scalar Variables and Array Variables </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Constants </li></ul>
  26. 26. VB Script basics - Operators
  27. 27. VB Script basics – Conditions & Looping <ul><li>Conditional Statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If...Then...Else statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select Case statement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do...Loop: Loops while or until a condition is true. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While...Wend: Loops while a condition is true. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For...Next: Uses a counter to run statements a specified number of times. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For each...Next: Repeats a group of statements for each item in a collection or each element of an array. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. VB Script basics – Functions
  29. 29. Key areas in QTP <ul><li>About the script structure </li></ul><ul><li>Actions (Simple, Nested, External, Re-usable) </li></ul><ul><li>Parameterization (Different Types) </li></ul><ul><li>Checkpoints (Programmatic Methodology) </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive programming </li></ul><ul><li>Adv. Synchronization points </li></ul><ul><li>Exception Handling </li></ul>
  30. 30. About the script structure
  31. 31. Actions (Simple, Nested, External, Re-usable) <ul><li>Standalone Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Nested Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of Actions (Call from One Action to other) </li></ul><ul><li>Driver Action (Main Action) </li></ul><ul><li>Re-usable Actions </li></ul><ul><li>External Call for Actions </li></ul>
  32. 32. Parameterization <ul><li>Classifications of Parameterization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test and Action Parameters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Table (Global & Action Specific) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment variables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Random Number </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Types of Checkpoints Check that a Web page (or any portion of it) is displayed as expected. Checks an area of a Web page or application after capturing it as a bitmap Bitmap Checkpoint Check whether the expected text string is displayed in the expected location on a Web page or dialog box Checks that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place in a Web page or application window Text / Text Area Checkpoint Check how long a Web page takes to load or if a Web page contains broken links. Checks the characteristics of a Web page Page checkpoint Check that the value in a table cell is correct. Checks information in a table Table Checkpoint Check that the image source file is correct. Checks the property values of an image Image Checkpoint Check that a radio button is selected. Checks values of an object’s properties Standard Checkpoint
  34. 34. Types of Checkpoints Note: XML file checkpoints are used to check a specified XML file; XML application checkpoints are used to check an XML document within a Web page. Checks the data content of XML documents XML Checkpoint Check if the images on a Web page include ALT properties, required by the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. Identifies areas of a Web site to check for Section 508 compliancy Accessibility Checkpoint Check that the value in a database query is correct. Checks the contents of databases accessed by an application or Web site Database Checkpoint
  35. 35. Descriptive Programming Samples <ul><li>Descriptive programming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entering Programmatic Descriptions Directly into Statements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Browser(&quot;Mercury Tours&quot;).Page(&quot;Title:=Mercury Tours&quot;).WebEdit(&quot;Name:=Author&quot;, &quot;Index:=3&quot;).Set &quot;Mark Twain &quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Description Objects for Programmatic Descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set MyDescription = Description.Create() MyDescription(&quot;text&quot;).Value = &quot;OK&quot; MyDescription(&quot;width&quot;).Value = 50 Window(&quot;Error&quot;).WinButton(MyDescription).Click </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Adv. Synchronization Points <ul><ul><li>Using tool menu options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programmatically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait & exist </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Exception Handling <ul><li>Recovery Scenario Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recovery Operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-recovery Operation </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Sample Script – QTP Functions <ul><li>'sample 1 - Getting all the items from the combobox </li></ul><ul><li>My_Cnt = Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinComboBox(&quot;Fly From:&quot;).GetItemsCount </li></ul><ul><li>msgbox My_Cnt </li></ul><ul><li>For i = 1 to My_Cnt </li></ul><ul><li>' the combobox item index will start from zero. </li></ul><ul><li>My_item = Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinComboBox(&quot;Fly From:&quot;).GetItem(i-1) </li></ul><ul><li>Msgbox My_item </li></ul><ul><li>Next </li></ul><ul><li>'sample 2 - Getting the entire content of the combobox </li></ul><ul><li>Var_Content = Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinComboBox(&quot;Fly From:&quot;).GetContent </li></ul><ul><li>Msgbox Var_Content </li></ul>
  39. 39. Sample Script – QTP Functions <ul><li>'sample 3 - Selecting an item from the combo - Using Index </li></ul><ul><li>Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinComboBox(&quot;Fly From:&quot;).Select(5) </li></ul><ul><li>'sample 4 - Selecting an item from the combo - Using Value </li></ul><ul><li>Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinComboBox(&quot;Fly From:&quot;).Select(&quot;London&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>'sample 5 - Selecting an item from the combo - Using Variable </li></ul><ul><li>Var_Item = &quot;Zurich&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinComboBox(&quot;Fly From:&quot;).Select(Var_Item) </li></ul><ul><li>'sample 6 - Getting the value of selected item </li></ul><ul><li>Var_Sel = Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinComboBox(&quot;Fly From:&quot;).GetSelection </li></ul><ul><li>Msgbox Var_Sel </li></ul>
  40. 40. Sample Script – QTP Functions <ul><li>' Some FUM's (Frequently Used Methods) </li></ul><ul><li>'GetROProperty </li></ul><ul><li>Var_Text = Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinEdit(&quot;Name:&quot;).GetROProperty(&quot;AttachedText&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>Msgbox Var_Text </li></ul><ul><li>Var_Enab = Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinEdit(&quot;Name:&quot;).GetROProperty(&quot;Enabled&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>Msgbox Var_Enab </li></ul><ul><li>'Exist </li></ul><ul><li>If Window(&quot;Flight Reservation&quot;).WinEdit(&quot;Name:&quot;).Exist(5) Then </li></ul><ul><li>Msgbox &quot;The Editbox exists&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Else </li></ul><ul><li>Msgbox &quot;The Editbox does not exist&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>End if </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>