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Vernacular architecture in india

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the brief details about the climatic detail and design considerations in accordance with the related climate.

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Vernacular architecture in india

  1. 1. Vernaculus (LATIN) = domestic or native “Vernacular Architecture Refers To Buildings Based Upon Regional Traditions, Building Materials In Hand, And The Characteristics Of The Native place Such as Climate.”
  2. 2. •HOT AND DRY BIODIVERSITY IN THE INDIAN CLIMATE & CLIMATIC ZONES •WARM AND HUMID •COLD AND SUNNY •COLD AND CLOUDY •COMPOSITE
  3. 3. {Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana.} •SOLAR RADIATIONS (800-950W/min) •TEMPERATURE RANGE (20-40°C) •HUMIDITY (20-40%) •PRECIPITATION –(<500mm) •AAPPROPRIATE ORIENTATION •INSULATION OF BUILDING ENVELOPE •AIR LOCKS, BALCONIES, LOBBIES, VERANDAS •OVERHANGS, FINS,TREES •WINDOWS & EXAUSTS •WIND TOWERS, COURTYARDS •WATER BODIES •EVAPORATIVE COOLING
  4. 4. MUD HUT OF RAJASTHAN
  5. 5. {Costal Area, North-East Region.} •TEPERATURE RANGE (20-35° C) •RELATIVE HUMIDITY (70-90%) •PRECIPITATION(>1200mm) •OVERCAST SKY (40-80%) • HIGHER POSSIBIL ITY OF VEGETATION •ROOF INSULATION AND WALL INSULATION •REFLECTIVE SURFACE OF ROOF •VENTILATED ROOF CONSTRUCTION • MAXIMIZE CROSS VENTILATION •PROPER ARRANGEMENT OF THE OPENINGS •MEASURES TO PREVENT MATERIAL FROM CORROSION
  6. 6. COSTAL HOUSES
  7. 7. {Local Places (Pune,Bangalore,Etc.)} •SOLAR RADIATIONS (Moderate) •TEMPERATURE RANGE (17-34°C) •HUMIDITY (30-80%) •PRECIPITATION (<1000mm) •REDUCE HEAT GAIN BY SHADING DEVICES •WALLS FACING EAST & WEST PROTECTED BY OVERHANGS. •COURTYARD PLAN •WINTER HEATING IS MORE IMPORTANT •SMALL OPENINGS IN EXTERIOR OF BUILDING •PROPER CROSS VENTILATION
  8. 8. { Deccan, MP, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh.} •SOLAR RADIATIONS (Intense in Summer & lower in Winter ) •TEMPERATURE RANGE (4-43°C) •HUMIDITY (20-55%) •PRECIPITATION (500-1300mm) •MORE OR LESS AS IN HOT AND DRY REGION •AIR LOCKS AND BALCONIES •WIND BARRIERS AND TREES •THICKER WALLS •DEHUMIDIFIERS ANS DESICCANT COOLING •TREES & PONDS FOR EVAPORATIVE COOLINGS •ROOF INSULATION & WALL INSULATION
  9. 9. { Laddakh} •SOLAR RADIATIONS (Lower Intensity Throughout A Year ) •TEMPERATURE RANGE (-14 to 11°C) •HUMIDITY (Low 10-15%) •PRECIPITATION (<200mm) •CLEAR SKY •THE BUILDINGS ARE MADE FROM STONE, MUD AND CLAY •BUILDINGS ARE VERY CLOSE •VERY FEW & VERY SMALL OPENINGS •FIREPLACE IS NECESSORY
  10. 10. { Kashmir, Sikkim, upper part of Assam } •SOLAR RADIATIONS (Low. high percentage of Diffused Radiation ) •TEMPERATURE RANGE (-4 to 30°C) •HUMIDITY (Low 5-15%) •PRECIPITATION (Around1000mm) •CLOUDY SKY EXCEPT THE SUMMER •THE MUD AND BAMBOO WALL •ROOF OVERHANGS ON ALL SIDES TO PROTECT THE CORE SPACES •ROOF IS OF THICK STONE SLAB OR COUNTRY TILES •FIREPLACES &CHIMNEYS

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