10 nations that emerge as the biggest military spenders
10 Nations that Emerge As the Biggest
Bangalore: Today, more than what is allotted for development or food protection, the major
portion of any government's budget is eaten up by investments on military. Let’s take a look at
the countries that spends most on their military, as listed by Samuel Weigley of 24/7 Wall St.
Brazil is the world's fifth largest nation, both by geographical area and by population. Though, it
is the largest nation, its expenditures on military spending are comparatively low. With 327,710
active-duty troops and officers, the armed forces of Brazil are the biggest in Latin America.
Since, there are no serious external or internal threats, the armed forces are searching for a new
role. So, it has become more involved in civic-action programs, education, health care, and
constructing roads, bridges, and railroads across the nation. As such, expenditure on armed
forces and military personnel has considerable decrease. As of 2012, the government spent $38.1
India has the 3rd largest armed forces in the world in terms of active personnel, and is the 9th
largest spender on defense. Over the last two decades, India has been spending more on military
and armed forces in the country. At the same time, the country’s defense imports have been
considerably increasing and in 2011 India became the largest arms importer in the world. Almost
half of India’s military spending goes to the army, a quarter to the air force and the remaining for
the navy, R&D, ordinance factories and more.
The German Army founded in 1955 as part of the newly formed West German Bundeswehr along with
the Marine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force), today has a strength of 62,279 soldiers. It is
commanded by the Inspector of the Army based at the Federal Ministry of Defence in Berlin and Bonn.
The major commands are the German Army Office in Cologne and the German Army Command in
Koblenz. As of 2012, it is reported that the country spent over $48.6 billion on its military, which is 1.4
percent of the country’s GDP.
7. Saudi Arabia:
Saudi Arabia, the largest Arab state in Western Asia faces a various range of domestic and regional
security threats. Since the country is a leading energy supplier worldwide, the Kingdom's defense
capabilities carry much added importance. As such, the Saudi Arabian defense spending comes up to
$54.2 billion. The expenditure accounted for 10 percent imports for major conventional weapons in the
last decade. It is also the increasing tensions with Iran that drove Saudi Arabia to purchase American
weapons at record levels thereby increasing its military expenses.
The land of rising sun, Japan is one such nation that spends whooping sum in defense. In this country,
maintaining a military establishment is mainly to achieve national security. The country’s defense
budget has risen from 0.8 percent to 4.68 trillion yen ($51.7 billion). Since coming to power, Shinzo Abe,
the Prime Minister began pushing for a stronger military and he further suggested that Japan should be
allowed to be a part of U.N. sanctioned military actions.
5. United Kingdom:
United Kingdom, the country with the fifth largest defense budget in the world spends about 2.5
percent of its GDP on its armed forces. As of 2013, the value for Military expenditure in this nation is
$59.8 billion. The British Armed Force stood for protecting the United Kingdom, its overseas territories
and Crown Dependencies, as well as for promoting Britain's wider security interests, and to support
international peacekeeping efforts.
France is one of the significant spenders on defense in the world. The country’s defense spending had
been increased significantly since 2002, with the objective of increasing to 2.5 percent to GDP. Most of
the increase in the military budget is mainly to reinforce the French military's capacity to fight terrorism.
France's military is also undergoing a major restructuring towards a smaller, modernized, and allprofessional force that will be both deployable and interoperable with the superpower nations and
Russia with 69,117,271 number of military manpower is one of the strong military forces in the world
and this has risen the military budget considerably. The annual spending of Russian over its defense
forces is estimated to $90.6 billion. This northern Eurasian nation has the largest accumulation of
nuclear weapons in the world. It has the second largest fleet of ballistic missile submarines and is the
only country apart from the United States with a modern strategic bomber force.
China has developed and possess weapons of mass destruction, including chemical and nuclear
weapons. Till date this country is estimated to have about 140 warheads assigned to land-based missiles
and 40 warheads assigned for aircraft. The rest are either awaiting dismantlement or being held for a
future nuclear submarine. According to a publication by a Chinese government, the military budget of
this country is about $157.6 billion, the second largest in the world after the U.S.
1. United States:
World’s superpower nation, The United States is the biggest spenders on the military expenses as
compared to any other countries worldwide. This nation spends whooping sum of $668.8 billion on the
military forces. The U.S. military as a unit has the state of the art equipments in large supply and also
poses an extensive placement all over the world, making them major players. And this projects their
strength and caliber on the military front.