10 most spoken languages in the world


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10 most spoken languages in the world

  1. 1. 10 Most Spoken Languages in the WorldLanguages are the mainstream of communication among human beings. These languages thatare spoken everyday which omits barriers between two or more people. These have madeunderstanding of feelings, what messages a person has to convey to another more easier.Languages are not only a form of communication but an art in its own way. There aredifferent versions of each language and one language can be spoken in different styles. Mostof these languages carry a scripture which is the oldest forms of writings which also gives abroad view of how the language has evolved over the years.There are many languages thatexist which are unknown to us. Here are 10 most spoken languages.MandarinMandarin is often called Chinese by non-speakers, but it is in fact only one of many Chineselanguages, which include Cantonese and Xiang, in the Sino-Tibetan language family.Mandarin is the largest of the Chinese languages, and is the official language of the PeoplesRepublic of China and Taiwan. It has over 845 million speakers.It is also one of four official languages of Singapore (the others being English, Malay andTamil). In addition, large scale immigration from both mainland China and Taiwan havebrought large populations of Mandarin speakers to the United States and Europe. Mandarinhas two writing systems; Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese.Spanish
  2. 2. Spanish is a member of the West Iberian branch of the Romance languages, closely related toPortuguese. Spanish is one of the most widely distributed languages in the world; it is theofficial language of over 20 countries, and is the official language of nearly every state inLatin America, excepting Brazil, Belize, etc.Additionally, large populations of native speakers have immigrated to the United States, andSpanish is now one of the most common languages in the American southwest. It is also oneof the six official languages of the United Nations with over 329 million speakers.EnglishEnglish is a member of the West Germanic language family. It originally sprouted from theAnglo-Saxon language (Old English) and borrowed heavily from Latin and French due to theNorman conquest of England. Though it developed in the British Isles, the largest populationof English speakers lives in the United States, with about 309 million speakers.English is the official language of 53 countries, including Ireland, Canada, South Africa,Jamaica, and New Zealand, and is the commonly spoken language of the United States,Australia and the United Kingdom. It also has large speaking populations in several African
  3. 3. and is a "subsidiary official language" in India. The number of speakers has been raised to328 million.Hindi-UrduHindi-Urdu is a member of the Indo-Aryan family, alongside Bengali. It is a pluricentriclanguage and has two official forms, Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu, although the twoforms are nearly indistinguishable from each other. Hindi is the official language of India,whilst Urdu is the official language of Pakistan.Urdu and Hindi are also spoken in parts of Europe and North America with heavy Indian andPakistani immigrant populations. It is written in both the Hindi alphabet and the Arabicalphabet (for Urdu due to Islamic influence). The speakers who communicate with thislanguage are 242 million.ArabicArabic is a member of the Semitic language family, which includes Hebrew Neo-Aramaiclanguages such as Syriac and Neo-Chaldean. Arabic is most often identified with the MiddleEast and North Africa, and is the official language of 26 countries. It is spoken by about 221speakers in the world.
  4. 4. It sits alongside Hebrew as the official language of Israel, and has large populations ofspeakers in both Europe and North America. Additional, its classical variant is the languageof the Quran. Arabic is written in the Arabic script.BengaliBengali is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family, alongside languages such as Hindi,Punjabi and Urdu. Most of its speakers live in the country of Bangladesh, where it is theofficial language. Speakers also live in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam.Speakers also live in Europe, the United States, and even Saudi Arabia. Bengali has a richliterary tradition and is a focal point of Bengali nationalism. Bengali is written in the Bengaliscript, which is related to the Sanskrit and Hindi scripts. More than 181 million speakerscommunicate through this language.PortugueseThe Portuguese language is a member of the Italo-Western branch of the Romance languagefamily. Like the other Romance languages, it is a descendant of Latin. It is the official
  5. 5. language of both Portugal and Brazil, where most native speakers live. This has 178 millionspeakers all over the world.In addition, it is the official language of Angola, Cape Verde, East Timor, Guinea-Bissau,Mozambique and Sao Tome and Principe, and is a mandatory subject of study in schools inUruguay and Argentina. It is currently the fourth most learned language in the world, with 30million learners.RussianThe Russian language is a member of the East Slavic family of languages, a family whichalso includes the Belarusian, Ukrainian, and Rusyn languages. Most of Russians 144 millionspeakers live in Russia, where it is the official language. Other countries with large Russian-speaking populations include Belarus, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.Russian is written in the Cyrillic alphabet. These languages are also spoken in other countriesas most of them migrate for various purposes.Japanese
  6. 6. The Japanese language is a member of the Japonic language family (which also includes theRyukyuan language spoken on the island of Okinawa). Most Japanese native speakers live inJapan and its territories, but native Japanese speakers also live in Korea, the United Statesand Europe.Japanese is the official language of Japan, and it also enjoys official status in Palau. There areabout 132 million speakers in Japan and few countries who communicate with this fluentlyGermanGerman is a member of the West Germanic language family, alongside English. German isprimarily spoken, as its name suggests, in Germany, where it is the official language.However, it is also the official language of Austria, Liechtenstein and Luxembourg, and isone of three official languages of Belgium (alongside Dutch and French) and one of fourofficial languages of Switzerland (alongside French, Italian, and Romansch).This is also the official language of Italian province of Bolzano-Bozen. In addition, it isrecognized as a minority language in several countries, including Poland, Denmark, Hungaryand the Czech Republic. There are over 90 million speakers who have made German theirlanguage of communication.