Introduction to FOSS


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Introduction to FOSS

  1. 1. Introduction to Free and Open Source Software Miss Heng Chantheng [email_address]
  2. 2. Open Source Software <ul><li>Began in the &quot;hacker&quot; culture of U.S. in the 1960's and 1970's </li></ul><ul><li>It showed that programs could be written by a community of volunteer programmers. </li></ul><ul><li>1970s and 1980s different free applications are developed around the world of Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>The GNU is created and GPL license is drafted by Richard Stallman. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In 1991, the first completed free operating system is created by Linus Torvalds as a university project: Linux. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1990s, the use of Linux grows very fast in the server market (command line based). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Free Software for End Users <ul><li>After 2003 Free and Open Source Software becomes competitive in the desktop and end user's application markets. </li></ul>
  5. 7. Support of Computer Companies <ul><li>IBM </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Microsystems </li></ul><ul><li>HP </li></ul><ul><li>Dell </li></ul><ul><li>Good for business </li></ul><ul><li>Growing demand </li></ul>
  6. 8. Why is FOSS interesting for Cambodia? <ul><li>Freedom to modify = Freedom to translate + Freedom to adapt </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to distribute and use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help to teach children ethical behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well adapted to Cambodian economy </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. KhmerOS <ul><li>No development without technology </li></ul><ul><li>Technology can only be integrated in society when it is in the local language. </li></ul>
  8. 10. KhmerOS 2004 - 2007 <ul><li>Localization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Translate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support Khmer Culture (spell checker) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of training materials </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>ICT policy </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with government </li></ul>
  9. 11. KhmerOS Results <ul><li>A complete sets of high-quality free basic applications in Khmer </li></ul><ul><li>An Operating system in Khmer (SUSE Linux) </li></ul><ul><li>A standard Khmer Unicode keyboard, a set of Khmer Unicode fonts, a Khmer Unicode typing program </li></ul><ul><li>Over 4.000 teachers, government officials and students trained </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced ICT policy </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Khmer software in the public education system </li></ul><ul><li>A country that can use ICT in its own language </li></ul>
  10. 12. Open School Program <ul><li>Joint project with the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport to integrate ICT in education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training students to the use of ICT in upper secondary school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of ICT to deliver education and to improve the quality of education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatize school management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Master plan for ICT in education </li></ul>