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  2. 2. Europe continent has 43 countries such as Greece, Croatia , Czech and slovak, San Marino, Denmark, Norway, Netherland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Belarus, Belgium,Portugal, Poland, France, Finland, Moldova, Malta, Monaco, Germany, Gibraltar, Ukraine, Yugoslavia, Russia, Romania, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Lithunia, Latvia, Vatican, Sweden, Spain, Switzerland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, England, Andorra, Italy, Estonia, Albania, Iceland, lreland,
  3. 3. Europe is the second-smallest continent. Area is 10,180,000 km2 and Population is 739,165,030However, its strategic position in relation to Asia and Africa, as well as navigable rivers and fertile soil, have made Europe a dominant economic, social, and cultural force throughout recorded history.
  4. 4. LOCATION Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Black Sea and connected waterways to the southeast
  5. 5. PENINSULAS IN EUROPE Europe has 6 peninsulas 1. Iberia Peninsular, like Spain and Portugal. 2. Italian Peninsular, like Itary. 3. Jutland Peninsular, like Denmark. 4. Scandinavia Peninsular ,like Sweden, Finland. And Norway. 5. Balkan Peninsular , like Greece. 6. Bristish Isles, like Scotland, England and Ireland.
  6. 6. CLIMATE Temperate climate This type of climate is warm and cool. This type of climate can be found in Central Europe, like Austria, Germany, France, Switzerland, Poland, Hungary
  7. 7. MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE This type of climate is hot and dry This type of climate can be found in South Europe, like Spain, Itary, Greece and Turkey
  8. 8. TAIGA CLIMATE This type of climate is cold winter. This type of climate can be found in Scandinavian Like Finland, Norway, Sweden
  9. 9. TUNDRA CLIMATE The types of climate is characterized by harsh winters . and a short summer season. This climate can be found in the northern parts of the European continent, like A part of Russia
  10. 10. NATURAL VEGATATION Tundra This type can be found at polar latitudes Vegatation are Lichens, mosses, dwarf shrubs These plants grow and bloom during the short summer months.
  11. 11. CONIFEROUS FOREST Grow in cold climate Leaf is long and narrow This type of forest use produce paper and some ferniture. Can be found in Scandinavia and Russia
  12. 12. DECIDUOUS FOREST Grow in temperate climate Leaf is big and rough Such as Maple tree ,Oak tree This type of forest can be found in Portugal and Spain
  13. 13. GEOLOGICAL FEATURES Low Ancient Mountain Shields Zone of ancient rocks have been eroded for a long time. can be found in the north and northwestern part of Europe. These baltic ancient rocks became low mountains, forming the Scandinavian Peninsular.
  14. 14. STEEP YOUNG MOUNTAIN RANGES These are found in the zone of new mountain ranges in the south. The Pyrenees, Alps and Carpathians PLAINS These are coastal plains which are created by sedimentation of glaciers. The Great European Plain which stretches in an arc from western France to the Urals.
  15. 15. COASTAL FEATURES Can be found along the northern coasts of the continent,like those in Norway.Marshes can also be found along the coasts.
  16. 16. RIVER SYSTEMS Europe have many rivers such as the Loire,Rhine,Seine,Elbe,Oder and Vistula flow through the middle of the continent Europe has many important rivers which affect the way of life of people. These include the Rhine River and the Danube River
  17. 17. VOLGA RIVER
  18. 18. DANUBE RIVER
  19. 19. RHINE RIVER
  20. 20. NATURAL RESOURCES Europe has many natural resources, each country blessed with their own specialty. Germany is rich in iron, coal, and natural gas. The land of Belgium produces some of the world's construction materials such as carbonates and silica sand. Italy contains some of Europe's most important natural resources: marble, pumice, mercury, zinc, nickel, pyrite, sulfur, salt, uraniam, and copper.
  21. 21. ECONOMY The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe.The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member
  22. 22. States Institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank, the Court of Auditors, and the European Parliament. The European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens. The EU's de facto capital is Brussels.