Wiki on Library Perspective


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Wiki in web 2.0 scenerio concept emerged as a response to the technologies and setting the libraries into more user-centered, networking faculty, students, and librarians to create a vital and evolving organization designed to meet the need of the of the user in digital library era.

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Wiki on Library Perspective

  1. 1. Wiki on Library Perspectives By Champeswar Mishra IIM Kozhikode
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Web Generation : Brief Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Library 2.0 :What, Why and How? </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki : An Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Software </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Vs Blog </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki : Advantages and Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki : Role in Library </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki : Practicing Wiki For Library </li></ul><ul><li>Practical Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki : Criterias on Choosing Wiki Software </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Web Generation <ul><li>It can be broadly divided into three generation ……… </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Web 3.0 </li></ul><ul><li>More Coming…. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hierarchy of Web Generation WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 WEB 3.0 Email HTML Home Page Google Flickr Library Thing YouTube Blogger RSS Feeds Wiki Portal Dialup Wires Taxonomy Automated Reasoning Cognitive Architecture Software agent Ontology Semantic Wiki Semantic Web Artificial Intelligence LEVEL 0 LEVEL 1 LEVEL 2 LEVEL 3
  5. 5. Web 2.0 : What Does It Means… <ul><li>Is the second generation of web based communities and hosted services that facilitate collaboration and sharing resources in Web world. </li></ul><ul><li>It means achieving the original vision of the web in the next phase – the real transformation rather than this past period. </li></ul><ul><li>By Tim O’Reilly in 2003 and Popularized by First web 2.0 conference in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>More Definition……………. </li></ul>
  6. 6. More Definition……. <ul><li>“ Web 2.0 is a term often applied to a perceived ongoing transition of the World Wide Web from a collection of websites to a full-fledged computing platform serving web applications to end users. Ultimately Web 2.0 services are expected to replace desktop computing applications for many purposes.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Web1.0 VS Web 2.0 <ul><li>Web 1.0 was about reading , Web 2.0 is about writing </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about companies , Web 2.0 is about communities </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about HTML , Web 2.0 is about XML </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about home pages , Web 2.0 is about blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about portals , Web 2.0 is about RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about wires , Web 2.0 is about wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about owning , Web 2.0 is about sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about Netscape , Web 2.0 is about Google </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about dialup , Web 2.0 is about broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was about hardware costs , Web 2.0 is about bandwidth costs </li></ul>
  8. 8. P O P U L A R I T Y
  9. 9. LIBRARY 2.0:BRIEF OVERVIEW <ul><li>Library 2.0 ……. </li></ul><ul><li>is the application of interactive, collaborative, and multi-media web-based technologies to web-based library services and collections. </li></ul><ul><li>is an attempt to bring libraries’ electronic services up to par with what people expect in a Web 2.0 environment . </li></ul><ul><li>Library 2.0 is not about searching, but finding; not about access, but sharing. </li></ul><ul><li>Term coined by Michael Casey . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Library 2.0 is a concept of a very different library service, geared towards the needs and expectations of today’s library users. In this vision, the library makes information available wherever and whenever the user requires it, and seeks to ensure that barriers to use and reuse are removed.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Miller (Technology Evangelist, Talis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just a paradigm shift……. </li></ul></ul> /
  10. 10. LIBRARY 2.0 : HOW ? WEB 2.0 APPLICATION LIBRARY 2.0 LIBRARY 3.0 WEB 3.0 Coming More.Think More..Experiment More…
  12. 12. Library 1.0 to Library 2.0 :A paradigm shift Library 1.0 Library 2.0 Email Reference Text-based Tutorials Email Mailing Lists Controlled Classification Scheme OPAC Personalized Social Network Interface Tagging with Controlled Scheme Blog, Wiki, RSS Feeds Streaming Media Tutorials Chat Reference
  13. 13. Wiki <ul><li>A freely expandable collection of interlinked web pages, a hypertext for storing and modifying information . </li></ul><ul><li>A tool that allows a group of people to quickly create and edit a website together . </li></ul><ul><li>Best example is Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Explored by Ward Cunningham ( Father of Wiki ) in 1995. </li></ul>
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Wiki : Why significant? <ul><li>Easy to create, add and customized content </li></ul><ul><li>More room for content and content edition </li></ul><ul><li>Organize by categorizes </li></ul><ul><li>More Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable </li></ul><ul><li>Huge potential for building community </li></ul><ul><li>View recently changes pages at the movement </li></ul><ul><li>Quick installation and quick creation of community page </li></ul>
  16. 16. Wiki : Features <ul><li>Wikis maximize interplay . </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis are democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis work in real time . </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki technology is text-based. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis permit public document construction . </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis complicate the evaluation of writing . </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis promote negotiation . </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis permit collaborative document editing, or open editing . </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis make feedback intensely public and potentially durable. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis work on volunteer collaboration . </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis endorse particular ways of writing . </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis enable complete anonymity . </li></ul>
  17. 17. Account Creation User Login
  18. 18. Text Area for Editing
  19. 19. Wiki Offers You… <ul><li>Asynchronous benefit of incorporating the assistance of experts, peers and other professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the exchange of ideas for small group projects </li></ul><ul><li>Provides for a more creative environment and expanding knowledgebase in project management </li></ul><ul><li>Increase communication efficiency and productivity over ‘back-and-forth’ exchanges of e-mail attachments and discussion boards </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a way to get everyone on the same page through the writable Web </li></ul><ul><li>Harness the power of diverse individuals to create collaborative works </li></ul><ul><li>provide individuals with a forum for improving knowledge and advancing thought processes </li></ul><ul><li>Form collaborative social research communities with respect to project management, and </li></ul><ul><li>provide innovative reference repositories for all aspects of planning, operation, and implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Resource support to faculty, students and professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Online collaboration in e-learning environment. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Wiki Software Personal Proprietary Free TidyWiki WikiPad Stickwiki Rubber Squid Notebook DidiWiki Kwiki Confluence Kerika JotSpot BizWiki AeroWiki WikiMatric Swiki PmWiki MoinMoin MediaWiki Instiki CoWiki Twiki And Many More………………
  21. 21. Some Top Wiki Engines.. <ul><li>Mediawiki </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>PmWiki </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>MoinMoin </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>TikiWiki </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>UseModWiki </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  22. 22. Wiki Vs Weblogs <ul><li>Group voice </li></ul><ul><li>Group Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Unstructured, organic </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone edits </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid medium: change any time </li></ul><ul><li>Better management: versions, </li></ul><ul><li>rollback and change log, syndicate changes </li></ul><ul><li>Less Familiar </li></ul><ul><li>Individual voice </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Default is by date, reverse chronological </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone comments </li></ul><ul><li>Post medium like email (comment, reply, </li></ul><ul><li>comment, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Edits aren’t tracked usually, new items are </li></ul><ul><li>syndicated </li></ul><ul><li>More familiar </li></ul>
  23. 23. Wiki Designing Principles <ul><li>Open - Should a page be found to be incomplete or poorly organized, any reader can edit it as they see fit. </li></ul><ul><li>Incremental - Pages can cite other pages, including pages that have not been written yet. </li></ul><ul><li>Organic - The structure and text content of the site are open to editing and evolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Observable - Activity within the site can be watched and reviewed by any other visitor to the site. </li></ul><ul><li>More Principles…….. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Wiki Selection Criteria <ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>- open source , license fees </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>- online technical support, email help, user community </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>- user registration, password protection, level of user, user participation </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity </li></ul><ul><li>- pages creation, page deletion ,page hierarchic </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>- langauges support,text editing,hyperlinking insertion, search facility, spell check, RSS </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Wiki as professional knowledge repository </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki as website Developing </li></ul><ul><li>Creation and Building Institutional Repository </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Reference Desk </li></ul><ul><li>Library Instruction and Information Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Cataloguing </li></ul><ul><li>Document Selection and Procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Library Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Library Subject Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Project Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>E-Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Management Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Library Resources Wiki </li></ul>Wiki for Library
  26. 26. Wiki as Professional Knowledge Repository
  27. 27. DSpace Wiki
  28. 28. Greenstone Support for South Asia by CDDL at IIMK
  29. 29. GreenstoneWiki Documentation Example Collection Greenstone FAQ Greenstone Workshops Tutorial Exercises Greenstonewiki
  30. 30. Collaborative Virtual Reference Wiki for Librarians
  31. 31. WIKID by OCLC for Cataloguing
  32. 33. Library Conference Wiki
  33. 34. Subject Guide Wiki
  34. 36. Community Wiki
  35. 37. Wiki Library Website
  36. 38. Libraries’s Staff Wiki
  37. 39. Electronic Resource Wiki
  38. 40. Wiki Associated with Knowledge Management
  39. 41. Library Wikisites to Explore <ul><li>University of Connecticut Libraries’ Staff Wiki </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio University Libraries Biz Wiki </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The MIT Engineering and Science Libraries B-Team </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>SJCPL Subject Guide WIKI </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Unofficial wiki for the 2005 ALA Annual Conference in Chicago </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Library Association (CLA) Calgary 2005 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  40. 42. Library Wiki: Some Key Considerations <ul><li>Wiki must have some specific purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Advertised and Market your wiki before user </li></ul><ul><li>Be very explicit in your instruction and disclaimers </li></ul><ul><li>Think and avoid spam </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki administrators must have self control for accessing and editing wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Be specific while choosing software </li></ul>
  41. 43. Wiki: Challenges …. <ul><li>Getting others to contribute @Faculty, Students, Others Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>More Contents and more maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to see new content </li></ul><ul><li>Spam, Spam and More Spam </li></ul><ul><li>Issues of reliability , privacy , reputation , and security must be considered </li></ul><ul><li>Content accuracy, balance, comprehensiveness, and consistency , and reliability can be questioned </li></ul><ul><li>Editing wiki documents can be cumbersome for some individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Installation can be demanding , particularly for some Wiki engine software (e.g., TWiki) </li></ul>
  42. 44. Wiki Summary <ul><li>Wiki help support collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Tools are simple, quick and inexpensive </li></ul><ul><li>Need more and more experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Master before use </li></ul><ul><li>Think for diverse workplaces </li></ul><ul><li>@ Diverse users </li></ul><ul><li>@ Diverse needs </li></ul><ul><li>@ Diverse software choices </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps web 2.0 ‘s most relevant feature for the future of the “ virtual Library” </li></ul>
  43. 45. Thank You
  44. 46. Any Question ?