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Team building and team work

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This set of slides helps to understand what team building is in simple term. This is in a version of a lecture and it may includes all the interactive terms, practical examples and many more,

Published in: Leadership & Management
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Team building and team work

  1. 1. Let’s get to know each other?
  2. 2. Krishantha Jayasundara Staff Officer-Human Resources at Alpha Apparels Ltd BA General Degree University of Peradeniya (English, Psychology & Sociology) PQHRM(IPM) NDTHRD(IPM) 2
  3. 3. 4
  4. 4. What are the teams you are familiar with? 5
  5. 5. Cricket Team 6
  6. 6. Foot Ball Team 7
  7. 7. Volley Ball Team 8
  8. 8. What is the common thing that you see in these teams? Common Objectives Winning the Game 9
  9. 9. What is a Team??? • A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common goal for which they are mutually accountable. 10
  10. 10. Team Small Number Complementary skills Common Goals Mutual Accountability 11
  11. 11. Together MoreEveryone Achieve 12
  12. 12. Activity • Participants start counting. • The odd numbers are read out loud. • Even numbers are silent and the person who is supposed to read even number has to raise his hand. 13
  13. 13. What is a Group? • Group of passengers travelling in a plight 14
  14. 14. •Travelling What is common in them? •They are just passengers Are they for a common objective? 15
  15. 15. Group People who can identify with each other(sharing ideas, beliefs or experiences of common areas) People frequently and regularly engage with each other (agreeing on a purpose and working together on a shared tasks) People who recognize themselves and are recognized by others as part of a group. 16
  16. 16. Common Objective Team GroupPersonalized Objectives 17
  17. 17. Types of Groups Work groups Neighborhood groups Social groups/special interest groups Self-help groups Pressure groups 18
  18. 18. Categories of Group Formal Groups Informal Groups 19
  19. 19. Formal Groups • Command group- comprised of employees who directly report to a supervisor • Tasks groups- employees work to accomplished a certain task Groups established by organizations to perform organizational work. 20
  20. 20. Informal Groups • Interest Groups- established to meet a mutual objective • Friendship groups- formed by members have something in common Natural Grouping of employees that form to fulfill social needs. 21
  21. 21. Roles in Society 22
  22. 22. What do you mean by “Role”? 23
  23. 23. Role • A position that has to be assumed and acted by an individual in a group The expected behaviour from someone Father Mother Teacher Office Assistant 24
  24. 24. Characteristics of Teams 25
  25. 25. 1. Clear purpose Action Plan missionGoals tasks Vision 26
  26. 26. 2. Informality • Unlike you are working with your boss • Unlike when the teacher is at class in school 27
  27. 27. 3. Listening techniques • Questioning • Paraphrasing • Summarizing 28
  28. 28. 4. Civilized disagreement Conflicts and criticisms are welcome within the team 29
  29. 29. 5. Consensus decision making 30
  30. 30. 6. Open communication They share ideas and opinions openly 31
  31. 31. 7. Clear roles and work assignment What? Why? When? For whom? 32
  32. 32. 8. Shared Leadership • Not a single leader • Members share leadership • All are leaders 33
  33. 33. 9. External Relations • Team tries to makes relations with external parties 34
  34. 34. 10. Style Diversity • Leadership • Approaches to tasks • Skills diversity 35
  35. 35. 11. Self Assessment Focus on goals Monitor their performance Evaluate the performance Concerned about deadlines 36
  36. 36. 12. Allocation right roles to the right people 37
  37. 37. 13. Selection of members on the basis of skills and competencies 38
  38. 38. 13. Challenging the group regularly with fresh facts and information Innovative Ideas Updated knowledge 39
  39. 39. 14. Individual responsibility and accountability • Each employee is aware of what is expected from them • Achievement of individual tasks leads to the achievement of teams tasks 40
  40. 40. 15. Developing trust among the members 41
  41. 41. Benefits of Teams 42
  42. 42. 1. Achievement of a goal in more efficient and more effective manner as team members are committed to one single goal • More efficient-little time • More effective-high productive/lack of wastes • Committed- highly focused 43
  43. 43. 2. People like to work with others due to social satisfaction. Increased morale and motivation can be expected. 44
  44. 44. 3. High level of productivity through specialized work processes and labour distribution 45
  45. 45. 4. Team members communicate with each other more often. Thus, they don’t have misconceptions and misunderstanding among them. 46
  46. 46. 5.Social learning takes place. People learn from each other and from their mistakes as well. 47
  47. 47. 6. Organizational flexibility members are open-mined and willing to go through changes 48
  48. 48. Team Building 49
  49. 49. Team Building 50
  50. 50. Team Building • Team building is a process of deliberately creating and effective team 51
  51. 51. Formation and Development of Groups 52
  52. 52. 53
  53. 53. Stage-01 Forming Uncertainty Effort to understand their purpose Interactions patterns tried out 54
  54. 54. 55
  55. 55. Stage-02 Storming Conflicts and confrontations Redefinitions of tasks and goals Members withdraw 56
  56. 56. 57
  57. 57. Stage-03 Norming Cooperation and collaboration Cohesiveness Open communication and great interactions 58
  58. 58. 59
  59. 59. Stage-04 Performing Group is fully functional work for the achievement of set goals 60
  60. 60. 61
  61. 61. Stage-05 Adjourning Due to task completion or goal attainment Marked by positive emotions or feeling of loss 62
  62. 62. Formation and Development of Groups Forming Storming Norming Performing Adjourning 63
  63. 63. Team Roles • Meredith Belbin (1981) has identified key roles within a team 64
  64. 64. Roles Chairman Shaper Plant Monitor evaluator Company Worker Resource Investigator Team worker Completer/ finisher Expert 65
  65. 65. (1)Plant Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Creative • Imaginative • Free thinking • Generates ideas and solves difficult problems • Too preoccupied to communicate effectively 66
  66. 66. (2)Resource Investigator Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Out going • Enthusiastic • Communicative • Explores opportunities and develops contacts • Over-optimistic • Loses interest once initial enthusiasm has passed 67
  67. 67. (3) Coordinator Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Mature • Confident • Identifies talent • Clarifies goals • Delegates effectively • Can be seen as manipulative • Offloads own share of work 68
  68. 68. (4) Shaper Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Challenging • Dynamics • Thrives on pressure • Has the drive and courage to over come obstacles • Offends peoples feelings 69
  69. 69. (5) Monitor Evaluator Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Sober • Sees all the options and judges accurately • Lacks drive and ability to inspire others • Can be over critical 70
  70. 70. (6) Team worker Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Cooperative • Perceptive and diplomatic • Indecisive in crunch situations. 71
  71. 71. (7) Implementer Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Cooperative • Perceptive and diplomatic • Indecisive in crunch situations. 72
  72. 72. (8) Completer Finisher Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Painstaking • Conscientious • Searches out errors • Inclined to worry unduly • Reluctant to delegate 73
  73. 73. (9) Specialist Contribution Allowable Weaknesses • Single minded • Self-starting • Dedicated • Contributes only on a narrow front 74
  74. 74. 75
  75. 75. What kind of a team member are you? 76

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