A look at the war of 1812


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A look at the war of 1812

  1. 1.  The USS Constitution was an American ship that won three major battles during the War of 1812.(Constitution Museum).  The Constitution was nicknamed “Old Ironsides” after British cannonballs bounced off her sides in a battle with the British frigate Guerrierre.  The ship was never retired and is now on display at the USS Constitution Museum in Boston, Massachusetts.
  2. 2.  The British burned the White House and the Capitol building in 1814, but President Madison was able to escape.  First Lady Dolley Madison is known for her bravery staying behind to save the Declaration of Independence and a famous painting of George Washington.
  3. 3. ◦ Francis Scott Key was a poet on a mission to rescue his friend, William Beanes, who had been captured by the British. ◦ The British agreed to let Beanes go, but the men were not allowed to leave the British ship until after they had attacked Fort McHenry. ◦ Key wrote the lyrics to “The Star- Spangled Banner” as a poem. ◦ The song became the United States’ national anthem in 1931.
  4. 4. The document that ended the war was the Treaty of Ghent. This document was signed by officials from both the United States and Britain on December 24, 1814. Both sides agreed to stop fighting; therefore, the war ended in a “stalemate.”
  5. 5. In January 1815, General Andrew Jackson led American troops into a battle at New Orleans. This battle was a great victory for the United States. Neither side realized until after this battle that the war was already over.
  6. 6.  Increase in American Patriotism  More manufacturing in the United States  United States was seen as independent world power and has remained on friendly terms with England  New American leaders
  7. 7.  Feldmeth, Greg.D. “U.S. History Resources” http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/USHistory.html(31March1998)  Hakim, J. (2005). A history of us: The new nation 1789-1850. (Revised 3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.  Marquette, S. (2003). War of 1812. Vero Beach, Florida: Rourke Publishing LLC.  Nardo, D. (2000). The war of 1812. San Diego: Lucent Books.  Collier, C., & Collier, J. (1999). The jeffersonian republicans: The louisiana purchase and the war of 1812. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books.  Newman, J., & Schmalbach, J. (1998). United states history: Preparing for the advanced placement examination. New York: AMSCO School Publications Inc.  USS Constitution Museum. Retrieved March 4 from http://www.ussconstitutionmuseum.org/about-us/bicentennial/short- history-1812/