Polyakov EvgenyNational research university‘Higher school of economics’Russia
The main goal of transhumanism is theperfection of man through all possibleways. To achieve this, transhumanismoffers: to support technological advances; to study science and technology, in time to prevent the dangers and moral issues that may impede the use of these achievements; to expand the freedom of each person, using scientific and technological advances; as possible to postpone or even cancel a persons death; to confront scientists and organizations that have goals contrary to the ideas of transhumanism
Despite the attractiveness of the ideas of transhumanists,in 2004, responding to questions the editors of ForeignPolicy, Francis Fukuyama said that transhumanism is theworlds most dangerous idea in the world.This idea is really dangerous. The problem is acute today,when technology advances so rapidly that we mayencounter it encounter in the next 15-20 years.Society is not ready for a rapid development oftechnology. The problem is compounded by the fact thatmany people think that research to improve humancapabilities are the sick imagination of science fictionwriters. But it is a reality of our time. Society should payattention to the problems it may face as a result oftechnological development. Man must understand how heprepared for the possibility that technology will changenot only the world but also himself.
The attempt to improve physical and mental capacities of man can lead to inequality, because only a small part of mankind, which has huge sums of money, be able to use these technologies. Thus, inequality will not only be the difference between the incomes of the population, but the difference between mental and physical abilities of the rich and the poor. This can lead to dissatisfaction of the worlds population, which in turn can lead to unrest. The basic idea of Scientists believe that transhumanism is to new technologies will prolong life. This can save people from the exacerbate the problem negative emotions. of overpopulation of the Research in this area is Earth, which is already not ethical, because using facing mankind today. of such technologies can lead to loss of a man of his human qualities. Humanity is not enough to study his Development of technologies affecting mind, to use technology to change the mind can lead to that human the mental faculties of man. This may emotions, feelings, thoughts, and even adversely affect the human psyche. behavior will be monitored. Terrorist organizations can acquire such technology to improve the ability of terrorists or even to influence the minds of other men.
Solution to the problemEspecially it is necessary to interest mankind this problem to societyestimated the threats that the world may face in the near future.It is impossible to forbid the study. Limitation of the study that improvesphysical abilities should be an initiative of people. But that does not meanthat we must fight with the research that can help patients. We needto develop technologies to createmore functional prosthetic devicesfor people who really need it, but donot try to create technologies thatmake people stronger or faster.
To draw public attention to problems that1)may result from the idea of transhumanists2) Stop artificial evolution, which tend totranshumanists. Such research could lead toany consequences. The risk is too great.Struggle with technology and technologicalprogress is not the goal.3) To stop the embodiment of the ideas oftranshumanists, but actively developingtechnology to improve the lives of sick anddisabled people.
Actions must be taken now. Necessary to raisethe interest of the citizens around the world onthis issue. Many are not even aware of whattranshumanism. People are not aware of theideas of transhumanists and don’t know aboutthe consequences that may result from inaction.While transhumanism is just an idea, theseproblems can be solved yet. If we do not solvethese problems now, then in the future this maylead to a split in society.
The problem of all mankind The effectiveness of these measures will increase only if the decisions on these issues will be taken jointly by all States. If the issues will be resolved within the same country, but these measures are generally not appropriate. Address the problems we may encounter in the next 20 years, are not internal affairs of individual states. These problems are common problems of mankind.
Mankind has always sought the best. We aretransforming the world that not only leads to goodthings, but also to environmental disasters, globalwarming and many other problems. But the ideaof transhumanists is no longer in changing the world,and in an attempt to change the nature of manhimself. This is the main danger of this idea.Mankind has tried to create an image of a"new perfect man" and that led to WorldWar II, to a terrible tragedy ...If we do not stop the implementation ofthe ideas of transhumanists, the humanrace will slide into the abyss, as Icarus fellinto the sea, trying to fly high.