INSEE DATA:Unemployment rate in France, Q3 2012:10.3% of the active populationUnemployment rate in metropolitan France:total – 9.9%15-24 years – 24.2%25-49 years – 8.9%50 years and more – 6.9%The unemployment rate has a tendency toincrease last years.The unemployment rate among young peopleunder 25 is disproportionately high
GENERAL WORLD TENDENCYEducation:The unemployment rate among the peoplehaving university, high school or tradeschool education is quite similar withsmall exceptions.Contrary to that the unemployment rateamong the people with education less thenhigh or trade school is disproportionatelyaffectedSource: The Bureau of Labor Statistics of theU.S. Department of Labor
Hourly compensation (labor cost) is the average cost to employers of using one hour of employee labor in the manufacturing sector Source: The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of LaborTHE MAIN PROBLEMS OF THE ECONOMY AND A JOB MARKET:• Globalization and delocalisation of industrial and agricultural production to the countries with minimal labor cost;• Financial crisis and recession, downshift in economic activity
EDUCATIONYoung people need to enter to the job market as early as possible to obtain a work experience:1. Open access for all young people to high or trade school. Revalorisation of working specialities, technical skills and special technical education in the trade school,2. Obligation to all of the University students to have half- part work (or training) on future specialities in parallel with University study3. Foundation of special organisation in each University helping to students to find this kind of training or job.
EDUCATION1. Job market should be analysed precisely. Special quotes and entrance examination for different specialities should be introduced to decrease the competition of young people at the job market in special sectors of the economy (for example, service sector where the unemployment rate is highest).2. At the same time this will successfully increase the quality of students and improve the final educational level.
EDUCATION Introduce special courses not only in Universities but also in high schools and trade schools to provide a job search coaching and the real updated information about job market and self-presentation.
INDUSTRIAL INNOVATIONS1. Invest to the new technology and decrease the time interval between scientific discovery and manufacturing: opening the new technology incubators, a start-up companies and the industrial parks;2. Make the innovations closer to real life - increased the number of students with some specialities like scientific innovation and risk management.
Change business mode for the service sector of economy -decrease of labor costs inside a country:1.Active use of network2.Office at homeChange business mode for the other sector of economy -decrease of labor costs inside a country: High-value products based on the new technology andinnovations which decrease costs of production
TARGET GROUPAll the population and especially young people under 25TARGET ECONOMY SECTORS1. Service2. IndustryPLANNED RESULTSDecrease in the unemployment rate