Climate Change and Sustainable
Age of Collaboration
Collaboration has balanced all layers of our
society, moving towards the centre of the global
scene, from economy to science. The human
development has accelerated to the rate that has
never been thought of before and with increasing
development and human population we are the
main contributors to global warming.
Imagine the earth, when weather conditions and changing
climate patterns will need sustainable actions. Actually we
need it now…..
And reading through these issues won`t elude all
In today`s advanced world, the energy demand
has tremendously increased.
Oil - 37% ,
gas - 23% provide us with more than 70% of
It`s science alone said Jawaharlal Nehru in 1956
that can solve problems of hunger and poverty of
insanitation and illiteracy of superstition and
deadening customs and traditions, of vast
resources turning to waste, of a rich country
inhabited by starving people- The future belongs
to science and those who make friends with
To overcome these hurdles…
One has to make the use of its available
resources for further development. Let us take an
example most important need i.e., Bioenergy
How we are going provide energy to 9 billion
people by 2030? With this rapid advancement
and technological development and decreasing
Answer is Microalgae…
Microalgae are seen as an alternative and
renewable feedstock for bio-diesel production.
The present article aims to study the overall
approach of biodiesel production.
Based on the current usage, the available supply
of non-renewable sources may last for next fifty
Algae seem to be the best alternative source of
biodiesel and bioethanol.
The ability of algae to exhibit a wide range of
environmental conditions, to a large extent to
survive is due to changing pattern of cellular lipids
as well as the ability to modify lipid pathway in
response to changes in environmental factor.
Other benefits from algae as by-products are…
lutein, DHA, EPA, biofertilizers and biomaterials
No agricultural land is required to grow biomass.
They have much higher biomass than agricultural
crops and less doubling time.
They need less renewal water than terrestrial
plants required for irrigation. They can be grown
even in brackish water
Renewable energy has become one of the most
important issue and increase in usage of fossil
fuels will create instability in
environment, economy and industry. One can
indeed see the potential offered by algae as
biofuel in terms of energy balance and carbon
sequestration. To provide a clear picture
regarding the use of use of algae as biodiesel or
bio-ethanol at commercial use one has to R&D
centres have to invest and give more focus to this
area at large scale and to look for the ideal
. Major breakthroughs are still needed in
developing bioreactor that could use industrial
gases as main carbon substrate for harvesting
and eventually meet with success. After
extracting lipid the biomass residue should be
used for fine chemical production. Novel
researches are yet to be found to meet the
requirements of richer countries due to increase
in continuous demand of energy and food