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[Challenge:Future] Climate Change


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[Challenge:Future] Climate Change

  1. 1. Name-Nikunj Sharma Climate Change and Sustainable Development
  2. 2. Age of Collaboration Collaboration has balanced all layers of our society, moving towards the centre of the global scene, from economy to science. The human development has accelerated to the rate that has never been thought of before and with increasing development and human population we are the main contributors to global warming.
  3. 3. Imagine the earth, when weather conditions and changing climate patterns will need sustainable actions. Actually we need it now….. And reading through these issues won`t elude all these problems.. In today`s advanced world, the energy demand has tremendously increased. Oil - 37% , coal -25%, gas - 23% provide us with more than 70% of energy supply.
  4. 4.  It`s science alone said Jawaharlal Nehru in 1956 that can solve problems of hunger and poverty of insanitation and illiteracy of superstition and deadening customs and traditions, of vast resources turning to waste, of a rich country inhabited by starving people- The future belongs to science and those who make friends with science”.  To overcome these hurdles…
  5. 5.  One has to make the use of its available resources for further development. Let us take an example most important need i.e., Bioenergy How we are going provide energy to 9 billion people by 2030? With this rapid advancement and technological development and decreasing fossil fuels,,,,,,
  6. 6. Answer is Microalgae…  Microalgae are seen as an alternative and renewable feedstock for bio-diesel production. The present article aims to study the overall approach of biodiesel production. Based on the current usage, the available supply of non-renewable sources may last for next fifty years only.
  7. 7. Algae seem to be the best alternative source of biodiesel and bioethanol.  The ability of algae to exhibit a wide range of environmental conditions, to a large extent to survive is due to changing pattern of cellular lipids as well as the ability to modify lipid pathway in response to changes in environmental factor.  Other benefits from algae as by-products are… lutein, DHA, EPA, biofertilizers and biomaterials
  8. 8.  No agricultural land is required to grow biomass.  They have much higher biomass than agricultural crops and less doubling time.  They need less renewal water than terrestrial plants required for irrigation. They can be grown even in brackish water
  9. 9. Conclusion Renewable energy has become one of the most important issue and increase in usage of fossil fuels will create instability in environment, economy and industry. One can indeed see the potential offered by algae as biofuel in terms of energy balance and carbon sequestration. To provide a clear picture regarding the use of use of algae as biodiesel or bio-ethanol at commercial use one has to R&D centres have to invest and give more focus to this area at large scale and to look for the ideal species
  10. 10. . Major breakthroughs are still needed in developing bioreactor that could use industrial gases as main carbon substrate for harvesting and eventually meet with success. After extracting lipid the biomass residue should be used for fine chemical production. Novel researches are yet to be found to meet the requirements of richer countries due to increase in continuous demand of energy and food supplies