Tuberculosis

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Causes, signs, symptoms, and levels of prevention of tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis

  1. 1. PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS Presented by: Group 3
  2. 2. What is Tuberculosis???
  3. 3. - a contagious bacterial infection. TUBERCULOSIS - usually attacks the lungs but can attack any part of the body (i.e. kidneys, spine, and brain)
  4. 4. Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors
  5. 5. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  6. 6. TB is spread through the air from the infected person to another, especially when the person infected coughs, sneezes, or speaks.
  7. 7. 200,000 to 600,000 :Filipinos have active TB Philippines : #9 in the top 22 high-burden TB countries in the world -World Health Organization
  8. 8. TB is NOT spread by the following…
  9. 9. • Shaking someone’s hand
  10. 10. • Sharing food or drinks
  11. 11. • Touching bed linens or toilet seats
  12. 12. • Sharing toothbrushes
  13. 13. • Kissing
  14. 14. People at high risk of active TB
  15. 15. • Elderly
  16. 16. • Infants
  17. 17. • People with weakened immune systems
  18. 18. • People around infected people
  19. 19. • People with poor nutrition
  20. 20. The following increases rate of TB infection in a population: • HIV infections • Appearance of drug-resistant strains of TB • Increase in number of homeless people
  21. 21. Signs and Symptoms
  22. 22. Symptoms
  23. 23. • Coughing with mucus/blood
  24. 24. • Excessive sweating, esp. at night
  25. 25. • Fatigue
  26. 26. • Fever
  27. 27. • Weight loss
  28. 28. Other Symptoms: • Breathing difficulty • Wheezing • Chest pain
  29. 29. Signs: • Clubbing of fingers and toes • Fluid around a lung (pleural effusion) • Swollen or tender lymph nodes • Unusual breathing sounds
  30. 30. Tests
  31. 31. Used for diagnosis: • Biopsy • Chest CT scan • Bronchoscopy • Chest x-ray • Sputum examination
  32. 32. Levels of Prevention
  33. 33. Primary level • adequate exercise • enough rest and sleep • balanced diet • avoidance of smoking and alcohol • good personal hygiene • breathing fresh air and maintaining good indoor ventilation • BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) vaccination
  34. 34. All four of the following drugs are taken everyday for a period of 2 months: • Rifampicin • Isoniazid • *Pyrazinamide • *Ethambutol *Myrin-P Forte Secondary level
  35. 35. • always cover mouth when coughing, sneezing or laughing • carefully dispose of any used tissues in a sealed plastic bag • open windows when possible to ensure a good supply of fresh air • do not sleep in the same room as other people Tertiary level
  36. 36. Thank You!!!

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