Pest control Ashaq Hussain Najar firstname.lastname@example.org
PestA pest is any organism that1)That competes with human beings,domestic animals for food or water.2) Injures humans,domestic animals,desirable plants,structures or possessions.3) Transmits diseases to these.4)Annoys humans or domestic
Types of Pests Insects such as cockroach,termite,beetle, and fleas. Arthropods:8 legged insects,tikes spiders etc. Microbial organisms such as bacteria. Weeds. Molluscs: such as snails, slugs and ship worms. Vertebrates such as mice and other rodents.
Pest Control Goals Prevention: keeping pest from becoming a problem Suppression: Reducing pest no. or damage to an acceptable level. Eradication: destroying an entire pest population.
Common pests Bed bugs Beetles 1) Biscuit Beetles 2) Carpet Beetles 3) Furniture Beetles. Silver fish Cockroaches Fleas Lice
Continue………… Moth Ants Termites Flies Mosquitoes Mices and rats Funji /FUNGUS (wet and Dry)
continue bedbugs………………….. These are tiny parasites that feed on blood of humans and other animals. They are more of nuisance than a danger , can cause severe irritation,loss of sleep,&lack of energy. Cannot fly, can crawl in clothing, Main peculiarity is day time they hide while in night they come out. These hide in crevices of beds,furniture,upholestry,wallpaper and skirting boards.and there eggs are laid in crevices. These leave blood stains on bed sheet. To eradicate them apply Fumigation .or thick kerosene oil emulsion is effective.
Continue beetles……………Biscuit Beetle: Brown dense layer hair on their body. Not dangerous,but they can be a nuisance when they infest on a food cupboard. These can attack cereal products and can infest some poisinous substances like STRYCHINNE.
Continue silver fish……….. These sre the silver grey insect that look like minute fish without fins. 1cm or less than it in length. Nocturnal in nature,found in moist areas. Feed upon cellulosic material like paper,cotton etc.Prevention: keep moist area clean and treat it with some insecticide e.g. Pyrethrum & sodium Fluoride crystals.
Continue Fleas……….. These are common Nuisance.these are transferred from grass to dogs or cats which in turn can transfer to humans. These are smooth,oval and greyish in color.usually laid in hosts bedding and hatches at room temp. These thrive in dark,humid places and feed upon organic matter.including faeces of adults. Prevention: the area should be sprayed with an insectiside that will kill adult fleas,their eggs, and Pupeae.
Continue…….. These are insects attracte to human hair.these are grey and 3mm in size. These usually pass from one person to other either by pilllows upholestry etc. These cause irritating bites on the scalp and the scratching due to it may cuase infections.Prevention: pillow cases ,head rest covers on chairs should be changed and cleaned frequently. Head boards should be wiped daily. In case of infestation medically shampoo is used for lice and the belongings of the said person should not be used like comb ,towel etc
Continue ……….. These are the organisms which can damage the cloths,food products like flour,grains etc. The majority of the species are small,rather drab colored moths.pale in color or yellowish wheatish.Cloth moths feed upon on dried plant and animal materials.digest the keratin of hair.Damage the articles like fabrics etc make holes in them.espaecially in natural fabrics.Prevention: An insectiside can prevent them/. In case of stored food proper sanitation, Be sure that areas where food is prepared ,stored are cleaned regularly. Don’t apply insectiside in food preparation areas.
Termites continue…… These are the social insects like ants also caleed as white ants. At the suraface,ground termites create mud tubes going from soil to wooden portions of a structure. These tubes provide a protective highway for termites to attack a building. There access may be through: construction joints,cracks,plumbing,electrical penetartions etc.Ground termites require three things to survive: food(wood or other cellulose material),moisture,and tropical environment.Preevention:Use termite killer fliud .During construction the wood should be treated with varnish/sodium arsenate etc.
Cock roaches: Nocturnal insects that spend most of time in carcks ,drainsor dark crevices. Cockroaches carry food poisioning bacteria in their bodies that are rsponsible for causing dysentry and gastroenteritis. Espaecially Feed upon on faecal matter .PreventionCockroach killer is used to kill cockroaches.
Ants These invade in large numbers in search of food especilly sweet items. Iftheir nest is located it should be destroyed by putting 2 table spoons of carbon bisulphide or apply borax solution.a and clean or empty the respective areas. Boiling water over the nest can kill the ants repeatedly.
Flies These are flithy insects dangerous to health as they contaminate food,causing diseases such as typhoid,cholera,dysentry and so on. They carry disease germs on their legs and in their saliva Burn all the garbage where from they get breeded. A fly poison /formalin can be used to kill all these.
Mosquitoes They transmit diseases like malaria,filaria and yellow fever. As there life cycle begins in water Do not allow water to get stagnant. Cover drains and put kerosene. Put gauze on windows to prevent their entry in areas. An eco friendly method for the control of mosquitoes is to place pots of water around the property for a week long. During this time the mosquitoes lay their eggs in the water. before the eggs can develop this water should be discarded.
Methods of pest controlNatural control Climate Natural enemies Geographical Barriers Food and water supply Shelter
Applied Control Host Resistance Biological Control Cultural control Mechanical/Physical Control Sanitation Chemical control