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Icca10 c noy final draft

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Icca10 c noy final draft

  1. 1. Inhabiting the Family Car: Children-Passengers and Parents-Drivers Chaim Noy Sapir College Israel
  2. 2. Automobility: The social car <ul><li>A move away from reductionist, functionalist and binary approaches to transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From “vehicles” or “riding animals” (a-la Verilio) to socio-semiotic systemic view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From a/the car to the “system of automobility” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Merits being… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating “car cultures” into sociology: objects and practices in everyday life: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>semiotic approaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>critical approaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology and sociality… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agency: hybrids/cyborgs, ANT, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cognition (route-selection, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>emotion (Katz, Noy) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Families-in-interaction/ Families in cars <ul><li>“ The socially inhabited car … permits multiple socialities, of family life, community, leisure” (Urry) </li></ul><ul><li>Families are “our first institution” (Aronsson) </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions and conversations in families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in (semi-)domestic settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>argumentative interactions in families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Families and automobility: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Families’ (family members’) everyday mobilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The car rivals the house as an alternative zone of everyday life … a closed realm of intimacy” (Baudrillard) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The domestic car,” where we find “a duplication of accessories” (Verilio) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… the role of the car in sustaining families’ routines </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Inside the car: Communicative affordances <ul><li>All face the same direction (and not each other, i.e. no face-to-face interaction). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Architecture of visibility” (Laurier et al.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Division of inner (sub)spaces: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front seat / back seat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>entrances/exits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sitting apparatuses/arrangement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>access to the car’s driving equipment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>views of the outside </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited mobility </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Research questions <ul><li>We ask how familial interactions proceed inside the (moving) car? </li></ul><ul><li>How members employ cars’ communicative (in)affordnacs? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How they accomplish their aims via contextual affordances? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How members establish and engage or disengage from familial interaction in the car? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How family memebrs maintain/disrupt the family’s “o-space” (Kendon)? What is the interactional formation that sustains the “o-space”? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Paradigmatic shifts/m obile methods <ul><li>Challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnography of mobilities: actors, places, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ethnography of familial (intimate) places & interactions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The “hectic camcorder”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplying a camcorder to the car’s passengers – children in the backseat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everything recorded is viewed from the perspective of the passenger who is using the camcorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>gestures and orientations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Interacting in the car <ul><li>Interacting in the car: (dis)engaging in familial “o-space” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>widthwise interaction : side-by-side interactions within cars’ subspaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>crossover interaction : interactions that run across the front-back division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bodily gestures, orientations, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>volume of talk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>address terms (“mommy”) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Data <ul><li>Video recordings of five urban, middle class families residing in (West) Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>Heterosexual, secular Jewish families with 2-4 children (9m.-12y) </li></ul><ul><li>Camcorder: 2-3 weeks = ~four hours recordings </li></ul><ul><li>The “school run” </li></ul><ul><li>The Normans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Five family members seated in the car: 1. DRV/mother (Bella, 40), FP/grandmother (Xaya), BPs: Tom (7.5), Tamir (5.1), Ronit (3.1). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. i. Entering the car
  10. 10. i. Extract 1 <ul><li>View from rear </li></ul><ul><li>Tom narrating </li></ul><ul><li>Complaint: mother/driver </li></ul><ul><li>-- loud </li></ul><ul><li>Topic & orientational shift </li></ul><ul><li>to personal transactional </li></ul><ul><li>space (Kendon) </li></ul>
  11. 11. ii. Dispute develops
  12. 12. ii. Extract 2 <ul><li>Grandmother's soothing interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiet, widthwise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tom in personal transactional space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>until Ronit replies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ronit’s reply : accusing </li></ul>
  13. 13. iii. Dispute’s conclusion
  14. 14. iii. Extract 3 <ul><li>Further attempts by Xaya to sooth Bella (quitely) </li></ul><ul><li>Tamir enters the dispute, </li></ul><ul><li>picking up on the resistive thread - gestures with wrists laterally </li></ul><ul><li>Xaya playfully endorses Tamir’s war-against-mom and swiftly (re)turns to Bella : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- shift from crosswise to widthwise interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- change of volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>change of topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>discourse marker (ma) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusions <ul><li>The system of automobility as part of everyday life in cultures effected by modernity. </li></ul><ul><li>Not autonomous but intertwined with other social systems, presently families </li></ul><ul><li>If interactionists “enter the car” its interior spaces emerge as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>socially animated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>interactionally inhabited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaboratively accomplished scenes </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>This is accomplished via movements within and between… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Members’ personal transactional spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car’s subspaces (front seat/backseat) “o-spaces” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car’s shared, overall orientational space (“o-space”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the “school run” - less issues of route selection, attractions, etc. as the activities inside the car are most relevant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>routine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Driving and co-driving family members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FPs - mother and grandmother perform two roles/responsibilities: automobile and familial simultaneously. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emotions in families/cars </li></ul>

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