SCALE 2012: Automotive: new frontier for mobile Linux
Automotive: new frontier for mobile Linux ICS demos: booths 48 and 67 Alison Chaiken email@example.com http://she-devel.com/
Contents● Why automotive Linux matters● Whats different and whats hard● Automotive open-source project survey● Opportunities for developers and the community
Our transportation system is Dangerous Loud!!! Time-wasting Polluting becauseindividuals had little power to change it … until NOW.
Exactly one political slide New York Times, June 23 2011
“Range anxiety”: a user perception problem Lets help drivers better understand their needs.
Status of Automotive Linux Manufacturer Confirmed Operating systemFiat-Chrysler Blue&Me (500, Delta), Kia Uvo Microsoft Windows Embedded Automotive Ford (all?) MyTouch/Sync-Microsoft; OpenXC-Android General Motors/Cadillac User Experience MontaVista Linux Geely (China); Hawtai (China) Linux: Moblin (MeeGo-Tizen precursor) Renault R-Link AndroidHonda (Accord, Odyssey, Pilot), Audi (A8L, Q5, A6), BMW (7-series and M models),Chrysler, Daewoo, GM (OnStar), Hyundai, QNXLand Rover, Porsche, Saab (9-3) Renault (SM7) Linux Foundation members: Toyota, Pelagicore, Symbio, Tieto Automotive Linux Summit 2011 presenters: Toyota, Nissan, BMW MeeGo Conference 2011 presenter: Nissan
What is “in-vehicle infotainment”? Courtesy Tata Consultancy ServicesWhat “infotainment” calls to mind What IVI could be
“Infotainment” 1st due to desire to monetize media sales “91% of respondents said they would love to see a lane-change, blind-spot warning system … 83% said they would like in-vehicle technologies that would automatically call a tow truck …Nearly ¾ said theyd like technology that would stop their car if the driver suffers a heart attack … That’s about as far from Angry Birds as you can get.” – Accenture survey data courtesy of GigaOm
Challenges for IVI● Little-understood UI/UX● Security: leave car in auto shop overnight● Novel sensors, data buses and architectures● Safety: not “kill -9” but kill dead!
Car is laboratory for new controls and displaysNew UIs will debut in cars and migrate to other form factors. “Kinect piano” Do we need a motion-sickness.css for passengers?
Cadillac User Experience: Linux by MontaVistaStatus: limited developer pre-release, widely available Spring 2012
MontaVistas approach to security challenge Seating Seating Seating Position 1 Position 2 Position 3 OEM Custom HTML5 Android Apps Custom Apps Apps Apps MontaVista Android Untrusted Modii™ GENIVI Apps HTML5 HALCompliant Stack MV Linux Container MV Linux Container MV Linux Container SE Linux (NSA Security) MontaVista Linux Multicore SoC (ARM, ATOM) Excellent ELCE video by MontaVista: http://tinyurl.com/7emextu
Ubuntu-IVI RemixGenerating a lot of vendor interest.
Renaults R-Link is first native Android“applicationdevelopers willprogressivelyupgrade itscontent andoffer more apps.They will bedownloadabledirectly to thetablet inside thecar or via MyRenaultaccount thanksto the R-LinkStore” http://www.renault.com/en/innovation/plaisir-et-confort/pages/r-link.aspx
OBDGPSLogger Real-time Vehicle Diagnostics Capture Plot Developer Chunky_Ks (Gary Briggs) will demo in Booth 48
Tripzero: How do I test this in my car? ~$40 scantools access vehicle data and controls nOBDy runs on any tablet/smartphone/laptop that supports Qt http://sf2011.meego.com/program/sessions/vehicle-communications-meego
Tripzero: nOBDy is a GPLed plugin frameworkDemo in Booth 48 DBus Bluetooth Bluetooth nobdy subscriber Provider nobdy plugin plugin DBus Docs: http://nobdy.wikia.com/wiki/Nobdy_Wiki
What can we contribute?● App that autosubmits your destination information from car nav system to casual carpooling website● “Wheres the cheapest gas within a mile of the highway between here and where my tank will be empty?”● “Bump” pairing with friends vehicles to enable proximity alerts● IRC, identica, diaspora, PGP integration
How to get involved● Work on an automotive or intelligent transport open source project● Develop for one of the car manufacturers new app stores● Buy a car that runs Linux● Ask car dealers what OS the car runs, and say you would prefer Linux● “Linux Inside” bumper stickers? Penguin swallowing an MS logo?
Summary: dont let this moment pass! Opportunity to create new standards You are here X Biz lock-in; regulatory lock-downThanks to Intel and Texas Instruments for HW donations.
Trades parts count for security? Front-seat RT audioDSP GPU and video incl. alarms Atom or ARM SoC running GNU/Linux Encapsulated legacy system Sensor data R/O Cortex-M 16-bit MCU In-dash GPCPU running RTOS MIPS with OpenWRT CAN and Control: R/W Atom or ARM MOST running Android buses FirewallBackseat entertainment
Problem: what IVI HW should devs use?● ARM dominates, but Atom strong in IVI.● Atom HW with CAN bus and GPS is costly: use dongles.● ARM boards (e.g. BeagleBoard) cheaper.● Multiple displays and controls needed.● Touch, voice, video gesture, joystick?
Smog check connector = access to vehicle sensors OBD-II connector on left of steering wheel sees dozens of ECUs, sensors and controls via serial bus GFDL
Features of nOBDy● Based on Qt toolkit and QML (Qt Modelling Language) – Booths 24 (Qt) and 67 (ICS)● TCP, Bluetooth, D-Bus support● Websocket/HTML5 browser interface based on JQuery Mobile● Provides communications interface to CAN (Controller Area Network) vehicle data bus● GPLv2, source on gitorious● Based on libobd, OBDGPSLogger and gpsd projects● Available as .deb and (soon) RPM packages
Cadillac User Experience based on MontaVista Status: SDK expected, Spring 2012
IVI UX Additional Features Courtesy Nathan P. Willis, http://tinyurl.com/3m4loer
How to get involved: community projects● NOBDy wiki: http://nobdy.wikia.com/wiki/Nobdy_Wiki● OBDGPSLogger: http://icculus.org/obdgpslogger/● LibOBD: http://libobd.wikia.com/wiki/Libobd_Wiki● OBDref: https://github.com/canurabus/obdref● Mp3car: http://www.mp3car.com/
How to get involved: corporate-backed FLOSS● OpenXC: http://openxcplatform.com/● Ubuntu IVI Remix: http://linux.softpedia.com/progDownload/Ubuntu-IVI-Remix-Download-78078.html● Renault R-Link (Android): http://www.renault.com/en/innovation/plaisir-et-confort/pages/r-link.aspx● Bosch-ETAS Busmaster: https://github.com/rbei-etas/busmaster
Opportunity: save energy through ad hoc networking Use this . . . to save energy . . . with cars, too: 802.11p WAVE.