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Declining Sex Ratio in India


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Sex Selection is a serious problem.

Published in: News & Politics

Declining Sex Ratio in India

  1. 1. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 2 What is Sex Ratio? • It is an index of male - female (im)balance in population. • Sex ratio, in India, is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the population. Internationally sex ratio is defined as number of males per 100 females. • At the Census 2001, sex ratio of population stood at 933 females per 1000 males a marginal increase from 927 recorded at the 1991 Census
  2. 2. WHAT IS SEX SELECTION? Human sex selection is the attempt to control the sex of the offspring to achieve a desired sex.
  3. 3. Declining sex-ratio in India • National decline from 945 to 927 in the number of girls per 1,000 boys aged 0-6 between 1991 and 2001 ▫ Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat, (fewer than 800 girls for every 1,000 boys) ▫ The ratio is also said to be low in certain districts, including the South West District of Delhi, which are "amongst the most prosperous in the country."
  4. 4. SEX RATIO Country Sex Ratio India 933 China 944 USA 1029 Indonesia 1004 Brazil 1025 Pakistan 938 Bangladesh 951 Japan 1041 Russian Fed. 1140 5
  5. 5. • 586.46 million. • 48.46% of total. • 623.7 million. • 51.54% of total. 6
  6. 6. The sex ratio in India has been historically negative or in other words, unfavourable to females. Sex ratio reached its lowest in 1991 but since then has kept rising.
  7. 7. Reasons of such declination:  Female Foeticide  Son Prefrence & Daughter Aversion  Post Birth Sex Selection  Social Attitude & Perceptions  Lack of education & Awareness  Demographic  Commercial  Logical
  8. 8. , ‘Had these clinics were available 30 years ago, many of us would never have seen this world!’ As narrated by a literate woman in Village M 9
  9. 9. SON PREFERENCE AND DAUGHTER AVERSION Economic progress has not necessarily changed the traditions of gender discrimination - dowry - family name - property - last rites - old-age support • Balance between home chores & office Work. 10
  10. 10. SOCIAL ATTITUDES Values attached to the children by parents Views of Parents Sons are more expensive to bring up than daughters ? No Will you face difficulty in arranging marriage for you daughter compared to son ? Yes Son will take care of you when you are old ? Yes Daughter will take care of you when you are old ? No Do parents avoid spending on daughters as compared to sons ? Yes
  11. 11. IMPLICATIONS • By 2020 there could be more than 35 million young "surplus males" in China and 25 million in India. Because of : • Practices such as infanticide. • Trafficking ?. • Violence against women and girls.
  12. 12.  After three decades of Women in Development and Gender and Development policies the work of redressing gender inequalities has only just begun  Attitudes of people towards a girl child should be changed.  Furthermore, it will help to create the balance in the population.  One thing is clear- the imbalance that has set at the early age-group is difficult to be removed and would remain to haunt the population for a long time to come. Conclusion
  13. 13. Recommendations What we can do ? Complete registration of Births and Deaths specially of girls.  Change in mind sets in bringing up of the Girl Child.  Free Education, Transport & Scholarships programs for Girls.  Awareness programs, Street Plays, Promotional Martial, Movies, Video Songs, Signature Campaign Etc.
  14. 14. 15 Campaign Against Sex Selective Abortions  DOWN WITH DISCRIMINATION  SAY “NO” to FEMALE EXTERMINATION  Eliminate Inequality, not Women”.  “Destroy Dowry, not Daughters”.  Daughters are not for slaughter.  Say “NO” to Sex Determination  Say “YES” to Gender Justice
  15. 15. Women Achievers ??????MANY MORE ELIMINATED BEFORE THEY COULD ……….
  16. 16. "A son is a son till he takes a wife A daughter's a daughter the rest of her life." 17
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