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Bauhaus presentation

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Bauhaus presentation

  1. 1. By JessneChuaJiahYin (Group1) 2014050092 Mr. GeorgeGray
  2. 2. BAUHAUS •Art school in Germany •Operated from 1919 to 1933 •Founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar •Idea of creating a "total" work of art in which all arts and including architecture •One of the most influential current in modern design •existed in three German cities : Weimar (1919 to 1925) Dessau (1925 to1932) Berlin (1932 to 1933)
  3. 3. Walter Gropius (May18, 1883 – July5, 1969) •Architect and educator •Director of the Bauhaus (1919- 1928) •Founder of the Bauhaus School
  4. 4. Hannes Meyer (November18, 1889 – July19, 1954) •Switzerland architect •Second director of Bauhaus in Deesau
  5. 5. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (March27, 1886 – August17, 1969) •German architect •one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture.
  6. 6. HISTORY OF THE BAUHAUS - WEIMAR •Designed by Henry van de Velde •Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996). •Henry van de Velde (3 April 1863 – 15 October 1957) • Belgian painter, architect and interior designer
  7. 7. • 1860, Grand Duke Carl Alexander founded the Grand Ducal Saxon Art School. • Students were instructed in a variety of artistic subjects, including landscape, historical, portrait and animal painting, and sculpting. • 1905, the Art School merged with the Weimar Sculpture School. • The school was raised to college status in 1910 and was renamed the Grand Ducal Saxon College of Fine Arts. • Bauhaus Weimar was also strongly influenced by the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Arts and Crafts which trained artisans in the handicrafts between 1907 and 1915. • Both schools issued certificates of participation and conferred diplomas.
  8. 8. HISTORY OF THE BAUHAUS - DESSAU •return to the futuristic Gropius of 1914 that had more in common with the International style •approached the Dutch architect Mart Stam to run the newly founded architecture program •Gropius turned to colleague in the ABC group, Hannes Meyer. •Bauhaus its two most significant building commissions •Mayer no patience with the aesthetic program, he didn't want the school to become a tool of left-wing party politics. •Dessau mayor Fritz Hesse fired him in the summer of 1930
  9. 9. HISTORY OF THE BAUHAUS - BERLIN •1932, Mies rented a derelict factory in Berlin to use as the new Bauhaus with his own money. •1933, the Gestapo closed down the Berlin school. •Mies speaking to the head of the Gestapo, who agreed to allow the school to re-open. •Mies decided to emigrate to the United States for the directorship of the School of Architecture •1935, many of the bridges and service stations were among those submitting designs was Mies van der Rohe
  10. 10. Bauhaus Poster
  11. 11. Wasilly Chair •Designed in 1925-1926 •by Marcel Breuer Marcel Breuer (May21, 1902 – July1, 1981) BAUHAUS FURNITURE
  12. 12. Barcelona Chair •Designed in 1929 •by future Bauhaus head Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and partner Lily Reich Lily Reich (June16, 1885 – December14, 1947) Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (March27, 1886 – August17, 1969)
  13. 13. Bauhaus Chess Set •Designed in 1922 •By Josef Hartwig •design of each also indicates the type of movement it is capable of. Josef Hartwig (born on 1880 died on 1956)
  14. 14. Bauhaus Nesting Tables •Designed in 1926 •By Josef Albers • colors favored by the Bauhaus: yellow, red, and blue. Josef Albers (March 19, 1888 – March 25, 1976)
  15. 15. Bauhaus Cradle •By Peter Keler •emerged in the early days of the German design school •simplicity magazine holder Professor Peter Keler (born on 1898 died on 1982)
  16. 16. BAUHAUS TYPOGRAPHY
  17. 17. BAUHAUS ART Wassily Kandinsky (16December, 1866 – 13December 1944) •Russian painter and art theorist
  18. 18. Lyonel Feininger (July 17, 1871 – January 13, 1956) • German-American painter •was born and grew up in New York City •Traveling to German at 16 to study and perfect his art.
  19. 19. MY CONCLUSION I like Bauhaus because it’s design are very interesting and very modern even though is the olden days. The furniture also match with all different houses design.
  20. 20. • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhaus#Berlin • http://gizmodo.com/5918142/8-beautiful-things- from-bauhaus-the-single-most-influential-school-of- design

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