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E-books: The Devices


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According to the PEW Research Center’s “The Rise of E-Reading” report there was a “major spike in ownership of e-reader devices that occurred during the holiday gift-giving season in December [2011].” The survey highlights the most popular e-reading devices and tablets, and it is no surprise that Kindles, Nooks, and iPads were on the top of their list. Transferring electronic content to these e-reading devices and tablets, however, can be a complicated process. Join Chad Mairn as he offers best practices to help library staff provide their patrons with a clear understanding of how to utilize their library’s e-book collections owned by OverDrive and other vendors to work specifically with Kindles, Nooks, and iPads.

Published in: Technology
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E-books: The Devices

  1. 1. @cmairn
  2. 2. Virtual Petting Want to hangout?
  3. 3. So you got ane-book reader!
  4. 4. Hopefully, reading!
  5. 5. Program Goals• Highlight iPads, Nooks, and Kindles and introduce services to bring content to these devices.• Offer best practices to help gain a clear understanding of e- formats and Digital Rights Management.• Showcase some innovative digital publishers• Learn how we can use our e-reading devices/tablets to their full potential.
  6. 6. Just asdigital musicturned this…
  7. 7. …into this
  8. 8. ePub turns this…
  9. 9. …into this
  10. 10. PEW Internet & American Life Project The Rise of E-Reading Report Source:
  11. 11. PEW Internet & American Life Project The Rise of E-Reading Report Source:
  12. 12. PEW Internet & American Life Project The Rise of E-Reading Report Source:
  13. 13. Kindle 2 and Kindle DXThe Kindle DX can hold 3,500 books. If each title weighed 2.5 pounds then it could hold 4 tons of books (Information today, May 2010)
  14. 14. More on this later!Supported File TypesKindle Personal Documents Service supportsmultiple file types, including:Microsoft Word (.DOC, .DOCX)HTML (.HTML, .HTM)RTF (.RTF)JPEG (.JPEG, .JPG)Kindle Format (.MOBI, .AZW)GIF (.GIF)PNG (.PNG)BMP (.BMP)PDF (.PDF) Kindle support:
  15. 15. Barnes and Noble NookThe Nook was the first eReader with digital lending between the Nook, iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, BlackBerry, PC, Mac OS, and Android Smartphones.
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Steve and his iPad
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Brand new e-reader or tablet inside!“Here you go! Can you please put books on this thing? Thanks, b’bye!”
  20. 20. New E-Reader for Under $13 When will they be free? Source:
  21. 21. Source:
  22. 22. More info:
  23. 23. Are e-books now apps?
  24. 24. Sneak PeekOverDrive’s WIN Catalog
  25. 25. e-formats, Digital Rights Management (DRM), and privacy issues.
  26. 26. e-ink vs. LCD/OLED screens
  27. 27. Color e-ink: A Game Changer?
  28. 28. E-formats• We have an alphabet soup of formats: – AZW, PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DJVU, LIT, etc.• For a thorough explanation/comparison, see:• The big ones (right now) are EPUB, PDF and AZW/KF8 (Kindle).• “Everyone” else uses EPUB and PDF. Official ePub logo, International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)
  29. 29. Dueling FormatsThe cassette/CD format difference is easy forpeople to see and understand. But .EPUB vs .AZW/KF8… ? Not so easy.
  30. 30. Dueling formatsAZW EPUB
  31. 31. Ugh, text on a screenshould be simple! This is so frustrating! I don’t care about all these formats and rules; IJUST WANT to read an e-book!
  32. 32. If format were the only issue…
  33. 33. What is calibre?calibre is a “free and open source e-booklibrary management application developedby users of e-books for users of e-books.”
  34. 34. What can calibre do?• Find an e-book and transfer it to a device.• Manages your e-book collection.• Convert a DRM-free e-book to another format.• Over-the-air (OTA) e-book transfer to a Kindle Fire and others.• Syncs to a variety of e-readers.• Downloads RSS feeds & converts to an e-book.• Comprehensive e-book viewer.• Content server for online access to your collection.
  35. 35. Kindle Fire
  36. 36. Is it legal to convert e-book formats?
  37. 37. YES and NO
  38. 38. “You might be tempted to look for someway to remove DRM from e-books inorder to facilitate conversion. A word ofwarning about doing this: In the USAthere is a law known as the DigitalMillennium Copyright Act (DMCA). Thislaw makes it illegal to circumvent a copyprotection system (DRM is such a copyprotection system). It also makes it illegalto produce tools, distribute tools, and aidin circumvention. Not everyone lives inthe USA, but many countries have similarlaws. Check your local laws and realizethat even though you may only want toread an EPUB book that you’ve legallypurchased on your Kindle, it may not belegal to do so. If you don’t like thissilliness—and I don’t—then speak up towhoever in your country makes therelevant laws.”
  39. 39. Going further, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act states:“ … the public will have the continued ability to make fair use of copyrightedworks. Since copying of a work may be a fair use under appropriatecircumstances, section 1201 does not prohibit the act of circumventing atechnological measure that prevents copying. By contrast, since the fair usedoctrine is not a defense to the act of gaining unauthorized access to awork, the act of circumventing a technological measure in order to gainaccess is prohibited.”Exception #1:Nonprofit library, archive and educational institution (section 1201(d)).The prohibition on the act of circumvention of access control measures issubject to an exception that permits nonprofit libraries, archives andeducational institutions to circumvent solely for the purpose of making agood faith determination as to whether they wish to obtain authorizedaccess to the work.
  40. 40. Would you be willing to help a patron accessand/or transfer an e-publication using Calibre?Why or why not?
  41. 41. calibre ResourcesGet calibre! User Manual: Watch it in action! MobileRead Forums:
  42. 42. So, what’s this DRM thing?• Digital Rights Management.• A software “lock” that controls access to a file (e-book, e-music, e-movie). You must have the correct software “key” to unlock it.
  43. 43. Is DRM a good thingor is it an evil thing?
  44. 44. Yes!
  45. 45. • Like speed limits and banking regulations, DRM schemes can be a good thing and can protect an author’s livelihood.• Like speed traps and unreasonable lending practices, DRM schemes can infuriate and frustrate our readers.
  46. 46. Same Format, Dueling DRMsEPUB w/ Adobe’s ADEPT DRM EPUB w/ Apple’s FairPlay DRM
  47. 47. Dueling Formats and DRMs EPUB using Abode’s DRMAZW using Amazon’s DRM
  48. 48. DRM-free e-books
  49. 49.
  50. 50. The key is to practice. Use your e- reading device often, explore its functions, and read the FAQs.
  51. 51. Offer free workshops for the publicand ask people to bring their devices!
  52. 52.
  53. 53. Source: Horizon Report
  54. 54. Are you currently getting rid of your physical collection?If yes! Then you can donateyour books to Open Library. More information at:
  55. 55. Note: last checked statistics at 4:00pm EST on 9/19/2012
  56. 56. So, will physical books becompletely replaced by … ?
  57. 57. Be an advocate for all of yourreaders no matterhow or what they chose to read!
  58. 58. “Hardly any information technologygoes obsolete. Each new one throws its predecessors into relief.” James Gleick.
  59. 59. And whathappened to LPs? Are they dead?
  60. 60. Fun demos! 1. Book Creator in Wikipedia2. Saving Websites to an e-reader 3. Calibre (by appointment) 
  61. 61. Note: Some titles are NSFW!
  62. 62. Some innovative digital publishers Inkling
  63. 63. The Application requires 46MB of hard disk space; books range from 50KB to 1GB per title. (Source:
  64. 64.
  65. 65. Get the e-book at Publisher: Subafilms Ltd.
  66. 66. Watch the trailer:
  67. 67. So, what will eReaders look like a few years from now?
  68. 68. I have no idea!
  69. 69. Some Common Questions/Answers
  70. 70. Q: Can you share your account soothers can access your e-books?A: Yes. Most books and other non-subscriptionitems you purchase from the Kindle store may besimultaneously accessed on up to 6 Kindles (orKindle compatible devices) registered to account.
  71. 71. Q: Can you use Kindles for Interlibrary Loan?A: Under Digital Content, Restrictions:Unless specifically indicated otherwise, you may not sell,rent, lease, distribute, broadcast, sublicense or otherwiseassign any rights to the Digital Content or any portion of it toany third party, and you may not remove any proprietarynotices or labels on the Digital Content.Note: Amazon has said that this only applies to for-profitorganizations; however, I would recommend contactingAmazon first before you loan Kindles etc.
  72. 72. @cmairn
  73. 73. Contact Information Let’s Hangout!