The problem of induction is the philosophical question of whether theinductive reasoning leads to knowledge. That is what is the justificationfor either. 1. Generalizing about the properties of a class objects based on some number of observations of particular instances of that class. 2. presupposing that a sequence of events in the future will occur as it always has in the past.
“Ihave found that such an object has always been attended with such an effect, and I forsee that other objects, which are in appearance , similar, will be attended with similar effects.”
Causal relations “Causal relations are found not by reason, but by induction. This is because for any cause, multiple effects are conceivable, and the actual effect cannot be determined by reasoning about the cause; instead, one must observe occurrences of the causal relation to discover that it holds”
Justification of induction Ifall matters of fact are based on causal relations, and all causal relations are found by induction, then induction must be shown to be valid somehow
But! Asinduction is based on an assumption of the connection and not reason, it cannot itself explain the connection