Reference Books


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Reference Books

  1. 1. Print Reference Sources @ Brookland Middle Library English 6.5 The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of informational selections: g) Select informational sources appropriate for a given purpose
  2. 2. Almanac <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A yearly publication that contains calendars, facts, statistics, and other miscellaneous information. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why would you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To quickly find up-to-date statistics and facts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabetical index in back or front of book </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Atlas <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A book of maps with or without writing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why would you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To locate places & geographic features </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabetical master index will give you the page #, and specific letter & number grid square </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Biographical Index <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A book of information about people who are well known </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why should you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good source to find current information about a famous person’s life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the cumulative index in the back of the book to locate the person’s LAST name. The book volume # should follow. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Dictionary <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why would you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>check spelling; to learn how to pronounce a word; to find definitions, word origins, parts of speech, and find variations in spelling of plural/past tense form of word. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>open to as close to the first letter or two of the word as possible. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use the guide words at the top of each page to help. The first guide word is the first word on a page, and the second guide word is the last word on the page. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Directory <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An alphabetical listing of names of specific groups, people, or organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why should you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To find basic information like addresses and telephone/fax numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabetical by the organization or the person’s LAST NAME, then First Name, then Middle initial. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Encyclopedia <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A book or a set of books containing authoritative information on a variety of subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why should you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great place to start research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives good background information & a good overview of topics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Index (in back if 1 volume or sometimes the LAST volume in a set of books) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Topics are arranged in alphabetical order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look up by the LAST NAME </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kings/Saints/Popes are located by their First Name, not under title </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Guidebooks <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A book that provides basic information or instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why should you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives instruction on a specific topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel guides are great sources of information about unfamiliar places </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabetical index in back of book </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Thesaurus <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A book of synonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why should you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To find words that have the same or similar meanings to the word you are using </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use to avoid repeating the same words </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you use it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Locate the word you are using like you would in a dictionary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for the synonyms listed nearby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose synonyms carefully - few words are exactly interchangeable. Select the synonym that matches the definition you want. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Your Task <ul><li>There are 8 reference books stations set up around the library </li></ul><ul><li>You and your partner each have a reference worksheet with questions.. </li></ul><ul><li>Using the information at each station and what we have just discussed, you will find the answers to the worksheet questions. </li></ul><ul><li>When done, you will turn your worksheet in for a grade. </li></ul>