Dairy products Cow’s milk Fallacy: any milk other than cow’s milk is desirable. Goat’s milk is nutritious and is recommended Fact: goats are not susceptible to tuberculosis. Pasteurization makes the cow’s milk safe by killing the tuberculosis germ.
Dairy products Yogurt-is fermented whole milk eveporated to 2/3 of its original volume Fallacy:yogurt is nutritionally superior to milk Fact: yogurt has the same nutritive value as whole milk. It provides a source of milk in other forms
Dairy products Milk and cheese Fallacy: these are constipating Fact: milk and cheese are easily digested and leave a little residue. (constipation may occur when the diet lacks food that contain bulk)
Dairy products Pasteurized milk Fallacy: it is “dead milk” Fact: pasteurization does not alter the nutritional value of milk except to reduce the Vitamin C content slightly.(milk is a poor source of Vitamin C) Pasteurization destroys bacteria that can cause undulant fever and tuberculosis
Bread and Cereal Products Fallacy: Gluten,protein bread and dark bread are less fattening than white bread Fact: breads vary little in caloric ocntent. Thus one bread is not superior to another in the standpoint of weight loss
Bread and Cereal Products Fallacy: white bread and white flour are unfit for human consumption because all of the vitamins and minerals have been removed and the bleaching process is poisonous Fact: almost all commercial white breads and white flours are restored and enriched (according to law) with niacin, iron, thiamine and riboflavin. Chlorine Dioxide is a harmless compound that is used to bleach flour.
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: eggs with brown shells are more nutritive than white shell eggs Fact: the color of the shell is determined by the breed of the hen and it does not indicate the nutritive value of the egg
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy:the characteristics of the type of meat are transmitted by consumption Fact: this is not true
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: meat that is raw or cooked rare is more nourishing than well-done meat Fact: proteins are not damaged by cooking. Cooking protects the individual from bacterial infections and disease e.g. trichinosis
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: fish is brain food Fact: The brain contains phosphorus and fish is a rich source of this mineral. The reasoning is invalid.
Vegetables Fallacy: drink your vegetables Fact: vegetable juice make excellent contribution to the diet but do not contain the bulk necessary to the diet
Vegetables Fallacy: Tomatoes clear the brain Onions will cure the cold Lettuce is soothing to the nerves Fact: there is no scientific evidence to substantiate his claims
Sugars Fallacy: blackstrap molasses cures practically every affliction,from restoring color to gray hair to restoring youth Fact: it contains small amounts of calcium(from the limewater used in processing), iron(comes from the contact with the factory machinery) and B complex vitamins
Condiments Fallacy:spices and condiments have the power to prevent disease Fact: the belief that diseases originated in foul- smelling air may have led to the conclusion that pungent smell can ward of disease
Condiments Fallacy:spicy foods have the reputation for being cooling and for that reason are eaten in tropical countries Fact: hot weather and a natural increase in water intake cause appetites to lag. Spices tend to stimulate a desire for food.
Water Fallacy: drinking water with meals dilute the gastric juice and interfere with digestion Fact:water stimulates the flow of digestive juice
Water Fallacy: large amounts of water are said to thin the blood Fact: there is no evidence for this
Water Fallacy: drinking water will increase weight Fact: water drunk in excess of body needs to be eliminated
Lecithin Fallacy: Lecithin removes fat deposits Fact: There is no good evidence to indicate that lecithin lowers serum cholesterol levels or that it has a role in the treatment of coronary heart disease
Megavitamin Therapy Use of megadoses of vitamins for improvement of health is based on the concept that if a little is good,more must be better(which is not true) Use of megadoses of vitamins for conditions other than acute vitamin deficiency is not scientifically sound Excessive doses of vitamins may have pharmaceutical or toxic effect or both
Megavitamin Therapy Only two groups of disorders are corrected or alleviated by large doses of specific vitamins: Malabsorption syndrome Some inborn errors of metabolism
Megavitamin Therapy Justifications for megadoses of vitamins: Providing optimal health Individual variability e.g.pregnant women *large doses of Vitamins A and D,which can be stored are actually toxic when they accumulate
Megavitamin Therapy Megadoses of Vitamin C There is no evidence that Vitamin C can kill cold- carrying virus.There is some preliminary evidence that Vitamin C may have antihistamic effects(some people will have reduced symptoms if they take vitamin C) Can cause: acidic urine with accompanying burning sensations on urination Inaccurate glucose tests in diabetes Can cause kidney problems(overproduction of oxalate can result in formation of oxalate stones) *RDD=60 mg for an adult
Megavitamin Therapy Megadoses of Vitamin E Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant vitamin E excess can induce the development of ‘flu-like’ symptoms and may be toxic to some extent Can cause an Interference with vitamin K activity(prolongation of coagulation time)
Vegetarian a person whose diet is composed predominantly of plant food Abstains from the consumption of meat, fowl or fish but may eat eggs and dairy products
Different types of vegetarians include: Pure vegetarian (vegan)- consumes only plant foods Lactovegetarian-eats dairy products as well as plant foods Fruitarian-whose diet consists chiefly of fruits Motives: Health concerns Religious or philosophical belifs both
Risks of a Vegetarian Diet Caloric needs are difficult to meet (particularly in children)because the diet is high in bulk. Diminished caloric intake would require increased bodily use of protein (which may not be abundant in the diet) as an energy source There may be low calcium,vitamin D and riboflavin intake especially for children.(a lactovegetarian diet is safe for children) Zinc and vitamin B12 deficiency may develop because the best sources of both are animal products May cause iron deficiency to infants, children, and pregnant women (those who have a great need for iron)
Benefits from a Vegetarian Diet Less likelihood of atonic constipation Lower incidence of artherosclerosis Reduced blood pressure Lower death rates from cancers of breast, intestines, lungs, and mouth Low blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides
Health risks can be a voided when dietary planning is based on: Milk group Protein group Fruit and vegetable group Bread and cereal group *If more calories are necessary,the fifth group may be used prudently with the approal of your physician Fats,sugars and alcohol