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K 12

  1. 1. Senator Antonio Trillanes IV on Tuesday strongly criticized and opposed the implementation of the Department of Educations(DepEd) K to 12 basic education program."This K to 12 program apparently is being forced on everybody else, on the parents, the schoolchildren and the teacherswithout the enabling law," Trillanes said during the days Senate committee hearing on bills regarding education."Im really sad that were even talking about this. This is a no brainer from all perspectives. For a third world country, adeveloping country, this should have not been placed on the table to begin with," he addedThe K to 12 program adds two years to the elementary and high school curriculum to give students the needed skills for work,should they decide to skip collegeThe DepEd had said that the K to 12 program will only be implemented in the Kindergarten, Grade 1, and Grade 7 levels thisyear. It added that Grades 11 and 12 will be implemented in 201610-year basic education programDuring the hearing, DepEd Undescretary Yolanda Quijano explained that the Philippines is one of only three countries in theworld who still implement a 10-year basic education program."We are not generally meeting the standards that is asked of us in the international community," Quijano said.Trillanes, however, questionned this, saying Filipino workers are in demand overseas."Why do we need to change the basic education program if we have OFWs who are in demand because of their skills? Then itmeans were satisfying the requirements as far as quality is concerned," he said.He likewise said that he, along with other public officials, were products of the 10-year basic education program and that theyturned out fine."Youre saying were intellectually inferior? That first reason cant hold, you better come up with another one," said Trillanes, aformer Navy officer.Quijano tried to argue that the salary of those with 10-year basic education was lower than those who underwent a 12-yearprogram, but was immediately shut down by the senator."If the problem is the quality then maybe you should look somewhere else, like the lack of teachers. Probably we can think ofsomething else instead of just coming up with this ivory tower solution that is completely not grounded," he said."You hire teachers first, fill up the requirements, the backlog for classrooms and all that then we start talking about all of theseinnovations," he addedExport graduatesTrillanes then asked Quijano if it was the policy of the administraton to export graduates and not satisfy the countrys ownrequirements.The DepEd official replied "not really" but that many Filipino graduates would like to go abroad to work.Trillanes, however, said the solution is to provide opportunities in the country."You now have kids growing up without parents... lets not tinker with this experimental program and force it on everybody,"he said.But with the K to 12 program, Quijano said even high school graduates will be able to get jobs in the country easily.Trillanes was unconvinced, saying shes contradicting herself by saying college graduates have a hard time looking for jobs butthat high school graduates wont."Im sorry but thats the lamest you came up with...its not cohesive," he said.He likewise asked DepEd whether it considered that the country would not have college graduates for two years in the future.Quijano said their technical working group has been working on a transition management plan for 2016."The reality on the ground is that no matter how you come up with fancy words, technical words transition program whateverthe bottomline is we wont have college graduates, college freshmen for two years," said Trillanes.Quijano said that the government will pay for the cost for the schooling of grades 11 and 12 but that parents will still have toshoulder the allowance and transportation costs.Frequently Asked Questions Page 1 of 3K to 12 Pre-Summit ConferenceDecember 2011 K to 12Basic Education ProgramK to 12 Basic Education ProgramFrequently Asked QuestionsAs of 25 November 2011When will the K to 12 program be implemented? Universal Kindergarten started in SY 20112012. - The new curriculum for Grade 1 and Grade 7 (High School Year 1) will be implementedin SY 2012-2013 and will progress in the succeeding school years. Grade 11 (HS Year 5) will be introduced in SY 20162017, Grade 12 (HS Year 6) in SY -2017-2018. The first batch of students to go through K to 12 will graduate in 2018.
  2. 2. Where will the additional two years be added? The two years will be added after the existing four -year high school program. This will becalled Senior High School.Why is the K to 12 program better than the current program? K to 12 offers a more balanced approach to learning that will enable children to acquireand master lifelong learning skills (as against a congested curriculum). It will help in freeing parents of the b rden of having to spend for college just to make utheir children employable.Will this address the dropout problem? The decongested curriculum will allow mastery of competencies and enable students tobetter cope with the lessons. This should partly address those who drop out becausethey cannot cope with schoolwork. The curriculum will be learner -centered, enriched, and responsive to local needs. It willalso allow students to choose electives that suit their interest. This should partly addressthose who drop out because of lack of personal interest. DepED will also continue to offer programs such as home schooling for elementarystudents and the dropout reduction program for high schools. These programs addressthe learning needs of marginalized students and learners at risk of dropping out.How will K to 12 help in ensuring employment for our graduates? The K to 12 basic education curriculum will be sufficient to prepare students for work. The curriculum will enable students to acquir Certificate of Competency (COCs) and eNational Certifications (NCs). This will be in accordance to TESDA training regulations.This will allow graduates to have middle level skills and will offer them betteropportunities to be gainfully employed. Thee will be school-industry partnership for techvoc tracks to allow students gain work rexperience while studying and offer the opportunity to be absorbed by the companies.How will the K to 12 program help working students (college level)? DepED is in co llaboration with CHED to provide more opportunities for working studentsto attend classes. DepED is working with the Department of Labor and Employment to ensure that jobs willbe available to K to 12 graduates and that consideration will be given to workingstudents.How will the K to 12 program help students intending to pursue higher education? The K to 12 basic education curriculum will be in accordance with the college readinessstandards from CHED which sets the skills and competencies needed of K to 12 Frequently Asked QuestionsK to 12 Pre-Summit ConferenceDecember 2011 K to 12Basic Education Programgraduates who wish to pursue higher education. CHED will download its general education subjects Grades 11 & 12 (HS years 5 & 6) toof K to 12 ensuring mastery of core competencies for K to 12 graduates. This may leadto a reduction in the number of years of college courses resulting to a decrease ineducational expenses of households.How close is DepED in addressing the resource gaps (i.e. classroom, teachers)? We have targeted to close the resource gaps in the next two years. Aside from increasing the budget of DepED, we are also enjoying support from localgovernments, private partners, and donor agencies.How about the additional cost to parents? Grades 11 and 12 (HS Years 5 and 6) will be offered for free in public schools. K to 12 graduates will have higher earning potential since they will be more competentand skilled compared to graduates of the current 10-year system. DepED is in discussion with CHED on the possibility of decreasing the number of yearsof certain courses in college. K to 12 graduates will have national certification from TESDA, which wilenable them to lhave higher employment opportunities.What will happen to the college and universities during the 2-year transition period(SY 2016-2017 and SY 2017-2018)? DepED is in the process of formulating a transition management plan which inclu es d
  3. 3. working in collaboration with other educational institutions during the two-year gap. Thearrangements may include using private school facilities and teachers for senior highschool during the transition period. DepED is working closely with pr ivate educational institutions to address these transitionmanagement issues.Will senior high school be implemented in existing high schools or will new schoolsbe built? Existing schools will be used for the additional 2year program. DepED is likewise in -discussions with CHED, TESDA, and private schools to use their existing facilities duringthe transition period and beyond.Is K to 12 required for private schools as well? Will the same implementation timelineapply to private schools? Since private schools follow the DepED curriculum, they will also be implementing the12-year basic education program but the implementation plan will differ. This will bediscussed with the representatives of the private schools. Private schools are act participants in developing the K to 12 program. ive Note that a number of private schools offer at least 12 years of basic education: 2 yearskindergarten, 6 or 7 years of elementary, and 4 years of high school.How will the college and technical-vocational courses be adjusted due to the K to 12curriculum? Will adjustments be made in time for the first graduates of K to 12? TESDA will download some of its basic technical competencies while CHED will transferthe general education subjects to basic education. CHED will be releasing its updated college readiness standards which will be the basisfor the competencies in Grades 11 and 12 (HS Years 5 and 6). These activities will be completed before SY 20162017.Frequently Asked Questions -K to 12 Pre-Summit ConferenceDecember 2011 K to 12Basic Education ProgramWhat will happen to the curriculum? What subjects will be added and removed? There will be continuum from Kinder to Grade 12; and to tech ical and higher education. n The current curriculum will be decongested to allow for mastery of learning. In Grades 11 and 12 (HS Years 5 and 6), core subjects like Math, Science and Englishwill be strengthened. Specializations in the students’ areas of interest will also be offered. Right now, a technical working group has formulated the new curriculum framework,standards, and competencies for K to 12. Experts from CHED, TESDA, and otherstakeholders are part of this working group. After this, the changes in terms of subjectsadded, removed, and enhanced will be clearer.What specializations will be offered in senior high school? Among the specializations offered will be on academics, middlelevel skills development, -sports and arts. Specializations will also guided by local needs and conditions. beHow will students choose their specializations? Students will undergo several assessments to determine their interests and strengths.These will include an aptitude test, a career assessment exam, and an occupationalinterest inventory for high schools, and should help students decide on theirspecialization.For senior high school, what will happen if majority of our students want to specializein agriculture and only one is interested to take math or academics? How will this beaccommodated? This is an extreme situation. The areas of specialization will be offered according to the resources available in alocality and the needs of students.Will teachers be burdened by additional teaching load due to the K to 12 program? There will be no additional workload due to the K to 12 program. The Magna Carta forPublic School Teachers provides that teachers should only teach up to six hours a day. The decongested K to 12 curriculum will allow teachers to master the context andcompetencies that they will develop among the students and will enable them to focus ontheir areas of expertise.
  4. 4. How will teachers be prepared for the K to 12 program? Teachers will be given sufficient in-service training to implement this program. The preservice training for aspiring teacherswill also be modified to conform to the requirementsof the program.Makati teachers ready for K-12 programPhilippine Daily Inquirer10:03 pm | Monday, May 28th, 2012 154 9Teachers assigned in Makati City have been undergoing professional training to enable them to implement the new curriculumof the Department of Education’s (DepEd) K-12 program.In a statement, DepEd-Makati officer in charge Priscila de Sagun said the teachers in charge of Grades 1 to 7 had receivedtraining on the K-12 curriculum time for the opening of classes next week.“The K-12 program hopes to decongest the curriculum by spreading lessons over 12 years instead of cramming them into 10. Itis expected to fill in the deficiencies and strengthen the students’ competencies in core subjects such as English, Math andScience,” she said.The program adds two more years to the current 10-year basic education system with secondary education divided into juniorhigh which consists of four years, and senior high which will last for two years. Miko MorelosPNoy Launches K + 12 ProgramBy MADEL R. SABATERApril 24, 2012, 5:27pmMANILA, Philippines — President Benigno S. Aquino III Tuesday led the launch of the K + 12 Basic EducationProgram of the Department of Education (DepEd), which would add two years to the country’s basic education andincrease capabilities among students who would opt to work after graduating from high school.This, he said, is part of his administration’s efforts to reform the system of education in the country.Aquino said that instead of compressing students’ learning in a 10-year basic education, the new program wouldenable students to further appreciate what they have learned with an additional two years of education.Also Tuesday, public school teachers asked President Aquino to ―put more funds‖ to the K + 12 Program of theDepartment of Education (DepEd) ―to ensure that there is enough funds to properly implement the program.‖The K +12 begins with kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school, and twoyears in senior high school. It will be implemented in all public elementary and high schools nationwide this comingschool year.According to Aquino, the Philippines used to be the only country in Asia and one of the three countries in the worldleft with 10 years of basic education. The other two are in Africa.―We want a stronger foundation for the next generation,‖ he said in Filipino.The President, meanwhile, said he is mulling a tablet-based education as a solution against textbook scams.―We want our reading materials to be tablet-based so that when errors are found, it would be easier to correct andthere would be no need to recall the textbooks,‖ Aquino said.―We’re just waiting for the prices to go down,‖ he said.―We are making ways to ensure that it is logged in the system so it would not be a source of corruption,‖ he added.This, he said, will be part of the DepEd’s P238.8-billion budget for 2012.DepEd Secretary Armin Luistro, for his part, said there are enough textbooks and school furniture for the comingschool year.―We have zero back log in textbooks and school furniture for School Year (SY) 2012 to 2013,‖ Luistro said.It was recalled that in February, President Aquino signed Republic Act (RA) 10157 or the Kindergarten EducationLaw, which provides free and compulsory kindergarten education beginning school year 2012 to 2013. Under the thislaw, children aged five will be required to take up a year in Kindergarten in preparation for entry to Grade 1.The Teachers’ Dignity Coalition (TDC) made the appeal for more funds for public school teachers after the K + 12Program’s launching in Malacañang.TDC national spokesman Benjo Basas said teachers continue to express apprehension on the K to 12 program of theAquino government, saying the ―system would need enough funds to properly implement the program.‖―K to 12 is the flagship program of (the Aquino) administration,‖ Basas said. ―Therefore, the education sector shouldbe given the funds it needs to successfully implement this program,‖ he added.Basas said their group continues to be wary of the program, challenging the administration to first resolve the existingproblems of the education sector particularly the shortages in much needed resources.While the DepEd is doing everything to close the gaps – including solicitation from private donors, partnership withLGUs and indirect contributions from parents and students like in Brigada Eskwela – Basas said ―these smallmeasures would not be enough considering the ever-growing necessities of public education sector.‖He said the national government, ―specifically the President should make the first move and put the education budgetin his priorities.‖Meanwhile, Education Secretary Armin Luistro said the DepEd is continuing to address the shortages in educationresources like textbooks, teachers, classrooms, toilets, and desks.
  5. 5. He also reported that by June, DepEd will be able to achieve a 1:1 student to textbook ratio, thereby achieving a zerobacklog in textbooks. "We have also procured over 1 million school seats so when classes open in June, we wouldhave closed two out of the five input gaps haunting the public school system," he said.Luistro also called for stakeholders to work together to achieve the collective goal of providing "adequate and equalopportunities for every Filipino youth to have a decent and honorable way of living."Sen. Edgardo J. Angara reiterated that the proposed K + 12 Program – and the wholesale changes aimed atstrengthening our educational system – is not only timely, but long overdue.―The call for educational reforms was sounded off three decades ago, back when I chaired the CongressionalCommission on Education (EDCOM) which recommended the trifocalization of the system into the Department ofEducation (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and Technical Education and Skills DevelopmentAuthority (TESDA),‖ Angara said in a statement.He expressed elation now that through the resolve of the DepEd, ―we will finally start delivering world-class educationto a larger number of Filipinos at relatively no cost to them.‖ (With reports from Ina Hernando Malipot and Rolly T.Carandang)