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  1. 1. S.A.R.S. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Carly Gubernick & Sydney Greene Period 6
  2. 2. Background Information <ul><li>Viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus, an enveloped virus effecting the RNA </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE OUTBREAK <ul><li>First case reported in Asia in February 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Spread to more than 2 dozen countries on 4 continents before this 2003 outbreak was contained </li></ul><ul><li>8,094 people contracted the virus </li></ul><ul><li>774 deaths reported </li></ul>
  4. 4. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Fever over 100.4 o F </li></ul><ul><li>Overall aching/discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Mild respiratory symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Diarrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Dry coughs </li></ul><ul><li>Pnemonia </li></ul>
  5. 5. DOMESTIC SPREAD OF S.A.R.S. <ul><li>Close person-to-person contact </li></ul><ul><li>Living with/ caring for infected person </li></ul><ul><li>Hugging/ kissing </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing food/ drinks </li></ul><ul><li>Closely talking (within 3ft.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. INTERNATIONAL SPREAD OF S.A.R.S. <ul><li>First found on a flight from china to Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Then spread from patients aboard flight to medical officials </li></ul><ul><li>The spread continued through travel </li></ul>
  7. 7. RESPIRATORY DROPLETS <ul><li>when infected person sneezes/coughs, the droplets travel a few feet entering mucous membranes of healthy person </li></ul>
  8. 8. SURFACE CONTACT <ul><li>when infected person touches an object that a healthy person later comes in contact with. </li></ul><ul><li>S.A.R.S. passed on when cells enter healthy person’s eyes, nose, mouth, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. MORTALITY RATE OF PATIENTS <ul><li>Ages 24 and under: less than 1% </li></ul><ul><li>Ages 25-44: 6% </li></ul><ul><li>Ages 45-64: 15% </li></ul><ul><li>Over 65: 50% </li></ul>
  10. 10. TREATMENT OF S.A.R.S. <ul><li>Antibiotics ineffective </li></ul><ul><li>Patients kept isolated in negative pressure areas </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments relatively ineffective </li></ul>
  11. 11. S.A.R.S. TODAY <ul><li>Disease is contained </li></ul><ul><li>Not yet eradicated </li></ul><ul><li>Statistically considered a rare disease </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists still searching for a vaccine </li></ul>