Day 1 Panel 1 Logistics and Connectivity

236 views

Published on

ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN CGF NASSAU 2013

Published in: Investor Relations
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Day 1 Panel 1 Logistics and Connectivity

  1. 1. Panel 1 ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez Director Sustainable Development Department Latin America and the Caribbean The World Bank Caribbean Growth Forum Regional Workshop June 24-25, 2013 Nassau, The Bahamas
  2. 2. Underdevelopment of Stay-Over Tourism Presents a Growth and Development Opportunity Eastern Caribbean Countries International Tourism Stay-over and cruise ship passengers 3,000 Visitors '000 2,500 • An average cruise-ship passenger spends US$50/stay • An average stay-over tourist spends over US$1,000/stay 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 Stay Over Visitors Cruise Ship Passengers • Stay-over tourism has direct impact on local economy: – higher demand of traditional crops, fresh produce, fish and seafood, and services Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)
  3. 3. Connectivity Limits Tourism and Regional Integration St. Kitts Antigua Nevis Montserrat Flight Route: 824 km A North South Gap: Flying from Grenada to Antigua Guadeloupe • No direct flights • The simplest option takes three separate flights • Physical direct distance 567 km • 355 km Flight distance 824 km (most direct connection) • The connections shown may include overnight layovers Dominica Martinique Physical Distance: 567 km St. Lucia GFL Charles St. Lucia Hewanorra 193 km St. Vincent Barbados Canouan 276 km Grenada Tobago Trinidad Based on sample taken on November 30, 2012, attempting to book travel on December 5, 2012. Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)
  4. 4. System coordination is a constraint, air transport infrastructure is not OECS Intercontinental Air Transport System  System Reflects a systems based predominantly on inefficient bilateral tourism agreements rather than OECS/ Caribbean regional agreements Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)
  5. 5. Import Costs are a Constraint, Maritime Infrastructure is not  Transaction time to import below peer averages while costs among the largest Cost to Import Time to Import Pacific Islands Average Pacific Islands Average Caribbean Average Caribbean Average OECS Average OECS Average Singapore Singapore 0 5 10 Days 15 20 25 30 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 US $/TEU Share of Import Costs due to Customs and Document Preparation St Vincent and Grenadines St Kitts and Nevis Grenada St Lucia Antigua and Barbuda Dominica 72% 63% 60% 53% 47% 22%  Customs inefficiencies are driving imports costs Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)
  6. 6. Key Connectivity Issues Fixed Broadband Penetration Gap Upper Middle Income countries vs. Small Caribbean States (2001 – 2011) Upper Middle Income 9.87 Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, 2001-2011 30 Developed World 25 25.0 Developing 20 The gap has increased during last five years 15 10 8.5 5 4.9 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: data.worldbank.org 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 6.44 Small Caribbean States
  7. 7. Fixed Internet Broadband Subscribers (per 100 people) Broadband and Internet usage can be strengthened 25 20 15 10 5 0 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet Users (per 100 people) 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
  8. 8. Low use of ICT services due to high prices (competition is limited) Mobile-cellular sub-basket % of GNI per capita (2011) Mobile telephony market share, 2011 Source: ITU Measuring the Information Society 2011, and Telegeography Fixed-broadband sub-basket % of GNI per capita (2011) Fixed broadband market share, 2011
  9. 9. A Snapshot of ICT
  10. 10. ICT Solutions for Caribbean Challenges National Initiatives • Ensure the right legal and regulatory environment (pro-competition and cost sharing/reducing) • Broadband absorption capacity: training, IT Skills, innovation activities • Universal access / Universal service • Promote opening government data sets to increase transparency and create new economic value • Relevant applications and innovation ecosystems to foster demand and jobs growth (youth and gender focus) Regional Initiatives • Regional harmonization and coordination of policy and regulatory initiatives • Continue with CARCIP in countries that are interested • Regional integrated approach towards broadband that includes supply and demand
  11. 11. Let’s have a look at the Key Logistics and Connectivity Solutions identified by the CGF stakeholders National dimension Regional Dimension Logistics: Improve Cargo Facilities / Eliminate cartels / Improve regulation / Improve Efficiency Introduce Single Sea and Air Space Logistics: Improve Trade facilities (phytosanitary programs/customs transparency from revenue collector to facilitator) Introduce common rules on standards and customs / Strengthen regional collaboration on trade policies / Trade Facilitation Task Force Logistics: Improve Road network / Improve Public transportation infrastructures / Improve supply chains ICT: Increase access / Improve service / Reduce Costs / Promote opening government / Develop skills / Promote e-government / Advance Broadband penetration Engage regional academic institutions in providing ICT training / Regional integrated approach towards broadband that includes supply and demand ICT: Ensure the right legal and regulatory environment (pro-competition and cost sharing/reducing) Regional harmonization and coordination of policy and regulatory initiatives
  12. 12. INTRODUCING THE PANELISTS Mr Rafael J. Díaz-Balart Latin American Coordinator American Association of Port Authorities Miss Marion Daley Assistant Commissioner International, Trade & Industry Liaison Jamaica Customs Mrs Michele English President of Flow & Chief Operating Officer Columbus Communications Jamaica Limited Mr Daniel Isaza Valdes CEO Logistic Council, Panama General Manager Interoceanic Cargo Carrier, S.A Mrs Bernadette Lewis Secretary General Caribbean Telecommunication Union Trinidad and Tobago

×