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Walla Walla OER Chat


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Walla Walla OER Chat

  1. 1. Developing a Culture of Sharing and Receiving: Open Source Textbooks and Open Courses Cable Green eLearning Director
  2. 2. cgreen
  3. 3. Just to Recap…
  4. 4. <ul><li>People and content are connected globally </li></ul><ul><li>Digital, online content is growing exponentially </li></ul><ul><li>Digital stuff we produce is used by someone </li></ul><ul><li>Someone else can host our IT, so we can focus </li></ul><ul><li>People and Colleges are sharing their content </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone can participate </li></ul><ul><li>New models are emerging that leverage these trends – and they will be our direct competition </li></ul><ul><li>What are the possibilities? </li></ul><ul><li>What will students expect from our Colleges? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Definition of OER <ul><li>Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Old Economics Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student
  7. 8. The New Economics Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free”
  8. 9. software textbooks music
  9. 10. Textbook 2.0 <ul><li>modular </li></ul><ul><li>authored by community </li></ul><ul><li>continuously updated </li></ul><ul><li>personalized on assembly </li></ul><ul><li>never out-of-print </li></ul><ul><li>published on demand </li></ul><ul><li>low cost ex: 600-page textbook for $32, not $132 </li></ul>
  10. 11. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades </li></ul>
  11. 12. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies… </li></ul>
  12. 13. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores . </li></ul><ul><li>Products available in college stores are sold with a margin, as in any retail operation. Margin is the difference between cost and retail price, reflecting work required to bring products to market. </li></ul>
  13. 15. May, 2007: Dept of Ed.
  14. 17. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  15. 18. Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources Joint effort to develop and use open educational resources and open textbooks in community college courses
  16. 19. Community College Open Textbook Project Goal Identify, organize, and support the production and use of high quality, accessible and culturally relevant Open Textbooks for community college students Reduce the cost of textbooks!
  17. 20. 84 colleges from AZ, CA, IA, MD, NV, NY, OH, TX, WA, Ontario CCCOER Membership
  18. 21. Comparison of Statistics Textbooks Publisher: Wiley Open: Connexions & QOOP Downloadable version: $77.50 Downloadable & online versions: FREE Printed bound version: $141.95 new $110.25 used Printed bound version: $31.98 new
  19. 22. <ul><li>Does TCC teach: “Introductory Statistics” </li></ul>
  20. 23. General Physics            600 pages New $179.00  Used $125.00  
  21. 25. <ul><li>Does TCC teach: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Introductory Physics” </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Does TCC teach: Elementary Algebra </li></ul>
  23. 27. <ul><li>Do you want to go through the rest of WWCC’s general education courses? </li></ul>
  24. 28. Challenges <ul><li>Faculty and student resistance to change </li></ul><ul><li>Limited availability of high quality and comprehensive learning materials in some disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate access to high-speed Internet by students </li></ul>
  25. 29. Challenges <ul><li>Compliance with accessibility requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Printing and computer lab demands on campus by students </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with campus bookstores </li></ul>
  26. 30. Open Textbook Adoption <ul><li>Locate open textbooks for consideration </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate each textbook for selection </li></ul><ul><li>Customize, remix, and organize selected textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminate in print and digital formats </li></ul>
  27. 31. Locate Open Textbooks for Consideration <ul><ul><li>MERLOT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connexions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikibooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OER Commons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Text Project </li></ul></ul>
  28. 32. Evaluate Each Textbook <ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural relevance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority of Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth and scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality and Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulation </li></ul></ul>
  29. 33. Customize, Remix, and Organize
  30. 34. Disseminate Open Textbooks <ul><ul><li>Digital formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printed format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campus bookstore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campus print-shop services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary services </li></ul></ul>
  31. 36.
  32. 37. Why so urgent? <ul><ul><li>Consider One High Enrollment Course: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>English Composition I </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>37,226 enrollments / year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>X $100 textbook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>= $3.7 Million + (cost to students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 38. <ul><li>Are there really Open Educational Resources (e.g., Open Textbooks) on the web? </li></ul>
  34. 39. Lenses @ Rice Connexions social software for peer review & quality control California Community Colleges Washington Community Colleges Ohio Community Colleges
  35. 40. Bookstores Future Role? <ul><li>Bookstores are perfectly positioned to be the College’s clearinghouse for printed open educational resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>print-on-demand open textbooks & OER course packs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students want printed options ( Course Correction ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have location and are tightly networked into IT and fiscal campus operations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., students can use fin aid @ bookstores </li></ul></ul>
  36. 41. Bookstores Future Role? <ul><li>Open Textbook Commercial Affiliates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with them like you work with existing commercial Publishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat World Knowledge: interested in bookstores buying print copies of open textbooks at reduced rates. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your ideas? Let’s chat. </li></ul>
  37. 43. New Textbook Publisher Models <ul><li>Flat World Knowledge went from 30 schools & 1,000 students spring quarter, to 430 schools & 40,000 students this fall. </li></ul><ul><li>Several system faculty were involved in early reviews of their open textbooks. </li></ul><ul><li>There are other interesting open textbook publisher models emerging: CK-12 is doing great work in the K-12 space. </li></ul><ul><li>FREE Calculus Textbook ? California ( Free Digital Textbook Initiative Report ) will likely adopt several of CK-12’s open textbooks and save the State of California a lot of money. </li></ul>
  38. 44. WA Legislation <ul><li>SSHB1025 </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty and staff members consider the least costly practices in assigning course materials, such as adopting the least expensive edition available, adopting free, open textbooks when available, and working with college librarians to put together collections of free online web and library resources, when educational content is comparable as determined by the faculty… </li></ul>
  39. 45. WA Legislation <ul><li>SSHB1946 – two big ideas – share technology and share content. </li></ul><ul><li>(v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects… </li></ul>
  40. 46. Faculty Perspective? <ul><li>How do faculty really feel about textbooks? </li></ul><ul><li>How do faculty really feel about use of OER or the Internet in place of publishers’ textbooks? </li></ul><ul><li>What recommendations do faculty have for encouraging faculty to replace textbooks with open educational resources? </li></ul>
  41. 47. OER on Your Campus? <ul><li>Form Taskforce on campus to address adoption of open textbooks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum approval </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogical standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tech support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookstore and print shop services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty and department participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty training in development of OER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul></ul>
  42. 48. Blogs: Slides @ Dr. Cable Green eLearning Director (360) 704-4334