Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)

2,051 views

Published on

Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)

Published in: Education
  • Get access to 16,000 woodworking plans, Download 50 FREE Plans... ♣♣♣ http://tinyurl.com/y3hc8gpw
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Want to preview some of our plans? You can get 50 Woodworking Plans and a 440-Page "The Art of Woodworking" Book... Absolutely FREE ◆◆◆ http://tinyurl.com/y3hc8gpw
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • There are over 16,000 woodworking plans that comes with step-by-step instructions and detailed photos, Click here to take a look ★★★ http://tinyurl.com/yy9yh8fu
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The #1 Woodworking Resource With Over 16,000 Plans, Download 50 FREE Plans... ★★★ http://tinyurl.com/yy9yh8fu
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • __Hi Cable. Slide 46 includes the most often published OER factoid, [College Board data], and it has been commonly misquoted “Students spend $1200/yr on textbooks” by many Journalists, BCcampus and appears in a U.S. Senator's Bill. If it were true that the 19.5 million PSE Students in the U.S. actually spent $1,200, that textbook market sign might read $23.4 Billion rather than $4.3 billion. You are likely aware The College Board has updated data _ https://secure-media.collegeboard.org/digitalServices/misc/trends/2014-trends-college-pricing-report-final.pdf _ The College Board reports data from Student Loan Applications which "do not necessarily reflect actual student expenditures"
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)

  1. 1. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen
  2. 2. Open Education: The Moral, Business & Policy Case for OER Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org @cgreen
  3. 3. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  4. 4. Why are we educators?
  5. 5. Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo http://www.flickr.com/photos/prathambooks/3291CC BY
  6. 6. What are the trends?
  7. 7. (1) Demand for Higher Education
  8. 8. “Nearly one-third of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15. Today there are 158 million people enrolled in tertiary education1. Projections suggest that that participation will peak at 263 million2 in 2025. Accommodating the additional 105 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years.1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures 2 British Council and IDP Australia projections By: COL http://www.col.org/SiteCollectio s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
  9. 9. (2) Student Debt  / Perceived Value 
  10. 10. (3) Affordances of Digital Things
  11. 11. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  12. 12. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  13. 13. Copy and Distribute (and storage) are “Free” This changes everything CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  14. 14. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and Textbooks Movies and TV Shows: • Amazon Prime – $6.59/month ($79/year) for access to 10,000 movies and TV shows • Netflix – $7.99/month for access to 20,000 movies and TV shows • Hulu Plus – $7.99/month for access to 45,000 movies and TV shows CC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  15. 15. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and Textbooks Music: • Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15 million songs • Rhapsody – $14.99/month for access to 14 million songs CC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  16. 16. CC BY ND / Delta Initiative / http://tinyurl.com/bw3ztnt
  17. 17. (4) Open Educational Resources including: open textbooks
  18. 18. Nonprofit organization Free copyright licenses Founded in 2001 Operates worldwide
  19. 19. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  20. 20. Step 2: Receive a License
  21. 21. most free least free Not OER OER
  22. 22. Wikipedia: Over 77,000 contributors working on over 22 million articles in 285 languages
  23. 23. 175+ Million CC Licensed Photos on Flickr 2
  24. 24. 3 CERN releases photos under a Creative Commons License CC-
  25. 25. Europeana: 30M metadata items under CC0, 5 million digital object with PDM and 2.8 million digital objects under one of the CC licenses
  26. 26. http://www.flickr.com/photos/22240293@N05/3735172478/in/set-72157621681117648 By: Francisco Diez
  27. 27. Higher Ed
  28. 28. Primary
  29. 29. Open Educational Resources (OER)
  30. 30. OER are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.
  31. 31. FREE + LEGAL RIGHTS: REUSE REVISE REMIX REDISTRIBUTE RETAIN
  32. 32. Credit: Nicole Allen, SPARC / See www.opencontent.org for full definition • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The$5Rs$
  33. 33. Image © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy- cop
  34. 34. Translations & Accessibility
  35. 35. Customization & Affordability
  36. 36. / Open Textbooks
  37. 37. (Article): University Business: College textbook forecast: Radical change ahead
  38. 38. Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent.
  39. 39. Expand availability and discoverability of OER Expand adoption, adaptation and building of OER Nicole Allen, SPARC: CC BY
  40. 40. A Growing Library CC BY: OpenStax College
  41. 41. $30 MILLION+ SAVED! CC BY: OpenStax College
  42. 42. There is a direct relationship between textbook costs and student success       60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 50% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to textbook cost Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus www.projectkaleidoscope.org
  43. 43. The Vision  100% of students have 100% free, digital access to all materials on day 1 Drive student success by designing, adopting, measuring and improving OER-based courses www.projectkaleidoscope.org
  44. 44. How are your students supposed to learn with materials they can’t afford and are not buying?
  45. 45. Received funding to provide faculty development on your campus: - The impacts of high textbook costs - Open textbooks as a solution - Stipends for faculty reviews of open textbooks What can you do? The Open Textbook Initiative University of Minnesota For more information: http://z.umn.edu/opentextbooks
  46. 46. Typical Results with Lumen $ Cut total spend on textbooks by 90% Measurable increase (5-10%) in student success Open licensing of all new content Data-driven course updates Smooth faculty transition to open content Student access to materials from day 1
  47. 47. Adapted from slides by David Wiley available under CC BY at http:// www.slideshare.net/opencontent
  48. 48. CC-BY licensed textbooks for 110 university courses
  49. 49. • We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content –move to: "proudly borrowed from there" • Content is not a strategic advantage • Nor can we (or our students) afford it WA Community Colleges:
  50. 50. English Composition I • 60,000+ enrollments / year • x $175 textbook • = $10.5 Million every year
  51. 51. English Composition I • 55,000+ enrollments / year • x $175 textbook • = $9.6+ Million every year
  52. 52. http://opencourselibrary.org
  53. 53. Does it make any sense WA State and K-12 Districts together spend $130M/year on textbooks and the results are: • Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date • Paper only / no digital versions. • Students can’t write / highlight in books • Students can’t keep books at end of year • All rights reserved… teachers can’t
  54. 54. (5) Open Policy
  55. 55. Current research funding cycle does not maximize dissemination, economic efficiency, social impact Government RFPs announced, research grants awarded Scientific research conducted and papers written Articles submitted to journals and peer review occurs Acceptance in journals; authors transfer copyright to publishers Articles published in mainly closed access journals Libraries subscribe or public pays per article fee to view on publisher's website Public granted little or no reuse rights beyond access to read articles Slow scientific progress, poor return on public investment
  56. 56. Optimized research funding cycle maximizes public access, economic efficiency, social impact Government RFPs announced, open license requirements included, research grants awarded Scientific research conducted and papers written Acceptance in journals; public access policy ensures deposit in open repository Articles published in traditional journals under embargo Public can download articles from open access repository Public granted full reuse rights under open licenses Accelerated scientific progress, optimal return on public investment Articles submitted to journals and peer review occurs
  57. 57. When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0… - educators have an ethical obligation to share - governments need to get maximum ROI by requiring publicly funded resources be openly licensed resources - governments and educators need openly licensed content: (a) so you can revise & remix (b) buying and maintaining is cheaper than leasing (w/time bombs)
  58. 58. White House issues directive supporting public access to publicly funded research
  59. 59. $450 million – Round 4 ($2 billion over four years)
  60. 60. California Community Colleges require Creative Commons Attribution for Chancellor’s Office Grants & Contracts
  61. 61. Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.
  62. 62. openpolicynetwork.org
  63. 63. Institute for Open Leadership 1st Institute: January, 2015
  64. 64. massive change By: sookieCC BY
  65. 65. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012 Labor, Health and Human Services funding bill SEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Act for the Department of Labor may be used to develop new courses, modules, learning materials, or projects in carrying out education or career job training grant programs unless the Secretary of Labor certifies, after a comprehensive market-based analysis, that such courses, modules, learning materials, or projects are not otherwise available for purchase or licensing in the marketplace or under development for students who require them to participate in such education or career job training grant programs. http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  66. 66. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012 Labor, Health and Human Services funding bill SEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Act for the Department of Labor may be used to develop new courses, modules, learning materials, or projects in carrying out education or career job training grant programs unless the Secretary of Labor certifies, after a comprehensive market-based analysis, that such courses, modules, learning materials, or projects are not otherwise available for purchase or licensing in the marketplace or under development for students who require them to participate in such education or career job training grant programs. http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  67. 67. Faculty: My asks of you: (1) Before you order your textbook(s for next semester… please look at Open Textbooks (e.g., OpenStax) and other OER. (2) What OER can you reuse, revise remix from others? (3) License your works with CC!
  68. 68. College Leadership: My ask of you: • Add OER / OA to strategic plans • Open Policy on discretionary gran • Support faculty: time/money/PD • Make this a Univ-wide conversatio • Make heroes out of open leaders • Track & report cost savings, KPIs • CC licenses on your MOOCs
  69. 69. KPIs • $ saved when a course section / course / department moves to open textbooks • faculty time saved when sharing OER across the college / system • tuition $ gained if fewer students drop during the add/drop period (in courses with open textbooks / open curriculum) • course completion rates • reduced time to degree • course outcomes / proficiency • other metrics / KPIs important to the system / college
  70. 70. College Leadership: My ask of you: • Add OER / OA to strategic plans • Open Policy on discretionary gran • Support faculty: time/money/PD • Make this a Univ-wide conversatio • Make heroes out of open leaders • Track & report cost savings, KPIs • CC licenses on your MOOCs
  71. 71. November 19-21 | Washington, D.C. www.openedconference.org
  72. 72. the opposite of open isn’t “closed”
  73. 73. the opposite of open is “broken” Attribution: John Wilbanks
  74. 74. Get Creative Commons Updates bit.ly/commonsnews
  75. 75. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen
  76. 76. Credits ● Open Policy Network slides – from Tim Vollmer @ Creative Commons ● Big idea Icon - from the Noun Project, Public Domain ● Blueprint Icon - by Dimitry Sokolov, from The Noun Project - CC BY ● Check List Icon - by fabrice dubuy, from The Noun Project - CC BY ● Hackathon - by Iconathon 2012 - CC0 ● Question Icon - by Rémy Médard, from The Noun Project - CC BY
  77. 77. 5 Challenges of OER (for this afternoon): (1) Faculty Doesn't Know what To Do with OER (2) Not Everyone Trusts Free Resources (3) Expectations Around OER Quality are High (4) Institutional Processes Aren't Always Flexible (5) No Effective Discovery and Assessment OER Tool http://campustechnology.com/Articles/2013/04/24/5-Hurdles-to-OER-
  78. 78. Principles • Policy is a solution to a problem, not an end in itself • Passing policy is only half of the battle, implementation is what makes it work • Policy is not the equivalent of changing culture CC BY: Nicole Allen: SPARC
  79. 79. Making the Case • Know where stakeholders stand (faculty, bookstore, college, publishers), and partner with students – your best ally • Focus on the local impacts of OER and have data to back it up • Keep explanations of OER simple CC BY: Nicole Allen: SPARC
  80. 80. What You Can Do • Educate legislators (federal and state) on the public policy case for OER • Consider how OER can fit into YOUR legislative agenda • Watch for OER legislation and opportunities (both good and bad) CC BY: Nicole Allen: SPARC
  81. 81. Policy • Ensure publicly funded resources are openly licensed • Create programs that directly advance OER • Induce or call for action on OER • Create or change policy frameworks that enable advancement on OER CC BY: Nicole Allen: SPARC
  82. 82. OER Enhances Academic Freedom • OER provides faculty with more choices for their courses • OER allows for permission free editing and adaptation • OER prevents faculty from being locked into a particular platform or system At the course level: In the market place: • OER should not be legislated or mandated • OER needs to stand on it’s own vis a vis publisher material CC BY: OpenStax College
  83. 83. X Limits access Digital Rights Management: Open Licenses:  Unlimited Access (never expires)  Unlimited printing/use across devices  Encourages sharing on informal learning networks Digital Rights Management CC BY: OpenStax College
  84. 84. Neelie Kroes Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for the Digital Agenda WCIT'10 - Press-conference of Neelie Kroes by: WCIT2010 is licensed CC BY 2.0: https://www.flickr.com/photos/centralasian/4644968977/ Notes from speech at OKFN 2014: Embracing the open opportunity: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-14-556_en.htm
  85. 85. CC BY-NC-ND 046: Rule #2: See Rule #1 By: William Couch http://www.flickr.com/photos/wcouch/226861055
  86. 86. ByMichaelGwyther-Jones http://www.flickr.com/photos/12587661@N06/ 7906811250/ CC BY
  87. 87. • Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. • Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary. Only ONE thing Matters:
  88. 88. • Expand access to high- quality materials • Support faculty choice and development • Improve student success Community College Consortium for OER (CCCOER) http://oerconsortium.org Come In, We're Open gary simmons cc-by-nc-sa flickr
  89. 89. Join our Community of OER Experts • Collaborate on OER • Monthly webinars NOV 12: OPEN PEDAGOGY DEC 10: OER RESEARCH • Finding open textbooks workshops • Ensuring online accessibility • Gathering faculty and student feedback http://oerconsortium.org 250+ colleges in 18 states/provinces

×