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Open Policy Network       Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org           @cgreen
Joi Ito / CC BY#freebasselfreebassel.org
CC BY   Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo http://www.flickr.com/photos/prathambooks/3291
“Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeduca...
CC BY-NC-ND   Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/1531
A simple, standardizedway to grant copyrightpermissions to yourcreative work.
Step 1: Choose Conditions          Attribution          ShareAlike          NonCommercial          NoDerivatives
Step 2: Receive a License
most freeleast free
Over 500 million items
CultureScienceGovernmentEducationMore
Over 77,000 contributorsworking on over 22 million articles in 285 languages
175+ Million CC Licensed Photos on Flickr                    1
Higher Ed
K-12
Open Educational Resources (OER)
OER are     teaching, learning, and   research materials in any   medium that reside in the public domain or have been    ...
Search & Discovery
Translations & Accessibility
Customization & Affordability
What is theBusiness / Policy Case for OER?
Rivalrous vs. Non-RivalrousResources         vs .
BY SA: By Harvey Barrison http://www.flickr.com/photos/hbarrison/6920142558/
Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00...
Cost of “Distribute”  For one 250 page book:  • Distribute by mail - $5.20       • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) ...
Copy and Distribute are “Free” This changes everything CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and           TextbooksMovies and TV Shows:• Amazon Prime – $6.59/month  ($79/year) for access to...
Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and           TextbooksMusic:• Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15  million songs• Rhapsody – ...
CC BY ND / Delta Initiative / http://tinyurl.com/bw3ztnt
When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0…- educators have an ethical obligation to share- governments need to get maximum R...
$60 trillionx 5% =$ 3 trillion
Partner with Legislators        who care about:(a) efficient use of national /        state tax dollars;(b) saving student...
CC-BY licensed textbooksfor 90 university courses
$500 million - Wave 2($2 billion over four years)
Publicly fundedresources should beopenly licensedresources.
English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•=   $9.6+   Million every year
English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•=   $9.6+   Million every year
Does it make any sense WA State andK-12 Districts together spend$130M/yearon textbooks and the results are:• Books are (on...
You are not alone.
CC BY   massive change By: sookie
U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds m...
U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds m...
H.R. 3699"No Federal agency may adopt,implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in any policy, program,or other ac...
H.R. 3699"No Federal agency mayadopt, implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in anypolicy, program, or other ac...
But even better, the bill sponsorsaid:  • "As the costs of publishing continue to be      driven down by new technology, w...
Public         “The American       people deserve to         have access to       research for which        they have paid...
046: Rule #2: See Rule #1 By: William CouchCC BY-NC-ND   http://www.flickr.com/photos/wcouch/226861055
CC BYBy Michael Gwyther-Joneshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/12587661@N06/7906811250/
Only ONE thing Matters: • Efficient use of public funds to   increase student success and   access to quality educational ...
the opposite of open isn’t “closed”
the opposite of open is “broken”              Attribution: John Wilbanks
Dr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org      twitter: cgreen
Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input
Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input
Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input
Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input
Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input
Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input
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Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input

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Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input: Slides for Open Education Week 2013

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Open Policy Network: Seeking Community Input

  1. 1. Open Policy Network Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org @cgreen
  2. 2. Joi Ito / CC BY#freebasselfreebassel.org
  3. 3. CC BY Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo http://www.flickr.com/photos/prathambooks/3291
  4. 4. “Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years. By: COL1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures http://www.col.org/SiteCollectio2 British Council and IDP Australia projections s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
  5. 5. CC BY-NC-ND Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/1531
  6. 6. A simple, standardizedway to grant copyrightpermissions to yourcreative work.
  7. 7. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  8. 8. Step 2: Receive a License
  9. 9. most freeleast free
  10. 10. Over 500 million items
  11. 11. CultureScienceGovernmentEducationMore
  12. 12. Over 77,000 contributorsworking on over 22 million articles in 285 languages
  13. 13. 175+ Million CC Licensed Photos on Flickr 1
  14. 14. Higher Ed
  15. 15. K-12
  16. 16. Open Educational Resources (OER)
  17. 17. OER are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an openlicense that permits their free use and re-purposing by
  18. 18. Search & Discovery
  19. 19. Translations & Accessibility
  20. 20. Customization & Affordability
  21. 21. What is theBusiness / Policy Case for OER?
  22. 22. Rivalrous vs. Non-RivalrousResources vs .
  23. 23. BY SA: By Harvey Barrison http://www.flickr.com/photos/hbarrison/6920142558/
  24. 24. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  25. 25. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  26. 26. Copy and Distribute are “Free” This changes everything CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  27. 27. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and TextbooksMovies and TV Shows:• Amazon Prime – $6.59/month ($79/year) for access to 10,000 movies and TV shows• Netflix – $7.99/month for access to 20,000 movies and TV shows• Hulu Plus – $7.99/month for access to 45,000 movies and TV showsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  28. 28. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and TextbooksMusic:• Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15 million songs• Rhapsody – $14.99/month for access to 14 million songsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  29. 29. CC BY ND / Delta Initiative / http://tinyurl.com/bw3ztnt
  30. 30. When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0…- educators have an ethical obligation to share- governments need to get maximum ROI byrequiring publicly funded resources be openlylicensed resources- governments and educators need openlylicensed content: (a) so you can revise & remix(b) buying and maintaining is cheaper thanleasing (w/time bombs)
  31. 31. $60 trillionx 5% =$ 3 trillion
  32. 32. Partner with Legislators who care about:(a) efficient use of national / state tax dollars;(b) saving students money;increasing access to publicly funded research and data; (c) increasing access to
  33. 33. CC-BY licensed textbooksfor 90 university courses
  34. 34. $500 million - Wave 2($2 billion over four years)
  35. 35. Publicly fundedresources should beopenly licensedresources.
  36. 36. English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•= $9.6+ Million every year
  37. 37. English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•= $9.6+ Million every year
  38. 38. Does it make any sense WA State andK-12 Districts together spend$130M/yearon textbooks and the results are:• Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date• Paper only / no digital versions.• Students can’t write / highlight in books• Students can’t keep books at end of year• All rights reserved… teachers can’t
  39. 39. You are not alone.
  40. 40. CC BY massive change By: sookie
  41. 41. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  42. 42. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  43. 43. H.R. 3699"No Federal agency may adopt,implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in any policy, program,or other activity that -- (1) causes,permits, or authorizes networkdissemination of any private-sectorresearch work without the prior consent ofthe publisher of such work; or (2) requiresthat any actual or prospective author, orthe employer of such an actual orprospective author, assent to network
  44. 44. H.R. 3699"No Federal agency mayadopt, implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in anypolicy, program, or other activity that -- (1)causes, permits, or authorizes networkdissemination of any private-sectorresearch work without the prior consent ofthe publisher of such work; or (2) requiresthat any actual or prospective author, orthe employer of such an actual orprospective author, assent to network
  45. 45. But even better, the bill sponsorsaid: • "As the costs of publishing continue to be driven down by new technology, we will continue to see a growth in open access publishers. • This new and innovative model appears to be the wave of the future. The transition must be collaborative, and must respect copyright law and the principles of open access. • The American people deserve to have access to research for which they havehttp://maloney.house.gov/press-release/issa-maloney-statement-research-works-act
  46. 46. Public “The American people deserve to have access to research for which they have paid.”http://maloney.house.gov/press-release/issa-maloney-statement-research-works-act
  47. 47. 046: Rule #2: See Rule #1 By: William CouchCC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/wcouch/226861055
  48. 48. CC BYBy Michael Gwyther-Joneshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/12587661@N06/7906811250/
  49. 49. Only ONE thing Matters: • Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. • Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary.
  50. 50. the opposite of open isn’t “closed”
  51. 51. the opposite of open is “broken” Attribution: John Wilbanks
  52. 52. Dr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org twitter: cgreen

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