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OPEN / DOL Talk: Round 2 kick-off, 2013

  1. The Opportunity
  2. “as a condition of the receipt of a TAACCCT grant, the grantee will be required to license to the public (not including the Federal Government) all work created with the support of the grant (Work) under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY) license. Work that must be licensed under the CCBY includes both new content created with the grant funds and modifications made to pre-existing, grantee-owned content using grant funds.” SGA, Round 2 (p. 8 / Section I.D.5 )
  3. OPEN Supports ALL Round 1 & 2 DOL TAACCCT Grantees
  4. @OPEN4Us #Open4us
  5. Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo BY
  6. “Nearly one-third of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15. Today there are 158 million people enrolled in tertiary education1. Projections suggest that that participation will peak at 263 million2 in 2025. Accommodating the additional 105 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years.1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures 2 British Council and IDP Australia projections By: COL s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
  7. Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda BY-NC-ND
  9. By: UNESCO:
  10. Creative Beauty at Creative Commons By: Kristina AlexandersonCC BY-SA
  11. A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work.
  12. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  13. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  14. Copy and Distribute are “Free” This changes everything CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  15. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and Textbooks Movies and TV Shows: • Amazon Prime – $6.59/month ($79/year) for access to 10,000 movies and TV shows • Netflix – $7.99/month for access to 20,000 movies and TV shows • Hulu Plus – $7.99/month for access to 45,000 movies and TV shows CC BY: David Wiley:
  16. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and Textbooks Music: • Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15 million songs • Rhapsody – $14.99/month for access to 14 million songs CC BY: David Wiley:
  17. CC BY ND / Delta Initiative /
  18. When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0… - educators have an ethical obligation to share - governments need to get maximum ROI by requiring publicly funded resources be openly licensed resources - governments and educators need openly licensed content: (a) so you can revise & remix (b) buying and maintaining is cheaper than leasing (w/time bombs)
  19. vs. Rivalrous vs. Non-Rivalrous Resources CC BY by: Jon S
  20. OER are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by
  21. Search & Discovery
  22. Translations & Accessibility
  23. Customization & Affordability
  24. By: MIT OCW:
  25. Higher Ed
  26. K-12
  27. Open Educational Resources (OER)
  28. BY SA: By Harvey Barrison
  29. CC-BY licensed textbooks for 110 university courses
  30. $500 million – Round 2 ($2 billion over four years)
  31. White House issues directive supporting public access to publicly funded research
  32. Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.
  33. The Opportunity
  34. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under:
  35. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning @cgreen #Open4us @OPEN4Us
  36. “Only work that is developed by the grantee with the grant funds is required to be licensed under the CC BY license. Pre-existing copyrighted materials licensed to, or purchased by the grantee from third parties, including modifications of such materials, remain subject to the intellectual property rights the grantee receives under the terms of the particular license or purchase. In addition, works created by the grantee without grant funds do not fall under the CC BY license requirement.” Copyrighted materials clarification (p. 9)

Editor's Notes

  1. When the DOL TAACCCT grant was announced – I was working with the WA Community Colleges.It was just another grant – until we saw this.Our 34 Colleges realized something profound – not only did they want to get a grant and build a successful program.They wanted everyone other project, in every State, to be successful… because everyone is required to share everything they build with these public tax dollars.Conversation changed from – how can I succeed – to: how can everyone succeed so we can leverage one another’s good work?-----------------Grant solicitation said that all new material produced with grant funds must be licensed with a Creative Commons BY license…allows subsequent users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the copyrighted work and requires such users to attribute the work in the manner specified by the Grantee.Baked into the grant solicitation. If you want the money, you need to promise to share what you create with other colleges, and with the worldextremely exciting; first large scale inclusion of CC at the US federal level the program is a giant leap forward in how grant funds are managed this provides public access to publicly funded educational materials CC BY maximizes the public benefit of the funding dollars expended Innovative use of these materials may be made by any teacher, parent, and school district, nationwide and beyond materials will be available for reuse and value-add by creative entrepreneurs, education start-ups, and traditional commercial businesses.
  2. In order to ensure that the Federal investment of these funds has as broad an impact as possible and to encourage innovation in the development of new learning materials….
  3. We read the SGA and asked – what is required in the SGA – where Community Colleges might need help?And what organizations have turn-key solutions that are uniquely suited to help projects be successful?So we put together this consortia. We call it OPEN: the Open Professionals Education Network.I’ll let them share their expertise, and how they can help your projects, in sessions later today.
  4. We thought this was a good idea, but we wanted to get it funded so it could be FREE technical assistance for your projects.The Gates Foundation thought it was a good idea too.And we thank them for their vision and their support.
  5. So what is The Opportunity?WE are educators.Many of us have a common dream: that everyone in the world can attain all the education they desire. That everyone have access to high quality, affordable, accessible learning opportunities.It will require we share the educational resources we produce and that we spend our limited public resources wisely.
  6. And just like the United States … the rest of the world needs this dream to come true … and quickly… if we are to meet the global demand for higher education.Sir John Daniel, President & CEO of the Commonwealth of Learning notes:What do you think the odds are the world will buildfour major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years?
  7. This isn’t just my dream. Many have this Dream In 2006, Cathy Casserly and Mike Smith (@ Hewlett Foundation) wrote: “At the heart of the movement towards Open Educational Resources is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse it.”------------------(Smith, M.S. and Casserly, C.M. 2006. The promise of Open Educational Resources. Change, Vol. 38, No. 5, pp. 8-17)
  8. The next year, there was a meeting in Cape Town, South Africa.TheCape Town Declaration begins:We are on the cusp of a global revolution in teaching and learning. Educators worldwide are developing a vast pool of educational resources on the Internet, open and free for all to use. These educators are creating a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge.
  9. Sharing educational resources is a global movement.In 2002 UNESCOparticipants expressed “their wish to develop together a universal educational resource available for the whole of humanity”10 years later = 195 nations – debated and signed the Paris OER Declaration – moving the World’s nations toward open policies and support for OER.
  10. Creative Commons works to make it easy for creators to share … to realize the full potential of the internet – universal access to research, education, full participation in culture – to drive a new era of development, growth, and productivity.CC Licenses make it easy and legal to share… so anyone can: reuse, revise, remix and redistribute.Everything you build with your TAACCCT grants will be shared under a Creative Commons Attribution license.
  11. Clearly, the Internet has empowered us to copy and share with an efficiency never before known or imagined. However, long before the Internet was invented, copyright law began regulating the very activities the Internet makes essentially free (copying and distributing).Consequently, the Internet was born at a severe disadvantage, as preexisting laws discouraged people from realizing the full potential of the network.
  12. The current market is failing because existing publishers are not offering what we’re asking for. We would welcome it if they chose to compete to provide what the new environment demands.
  13. To understand the Opportunity, we need to understand what was once scarce is now abundant.We have to understand the affordances of digital things… and how digital courses, textbooks, data, research, science… can be non-rivalrous resources IF educational resources are openly licensed.
  14. Open license is key.
  15. 10 years ago, MIT opened all of its courses to the world… hundreds of other Universities have followed.And it’s not just Universities.WA Community Colleges are part of the OPEN project – they will tell you how and why they put their entire general education curriculum online, under a CC BY license.The call it the “Open Course Library.”
  16. But we have a Policy ChallengeMost policy makers don’t understand 21st century technical and legal tools and how they collectively enable “the learning machine”. Understanding the opportunity afforded by wielding these tools is key to even understanding that the dream is possible. Without this understanding, policy makers can only make decisions within existing frameworks, within existing business models.Tools:Internetaffordances of digital things: storage, distribution, copieshardware costs downbandwidth speed up mobility upOpen content licensing is 10+ years oldMass willingness to share Taken together these tools collectively enable affordable, high quality, continuously improving, openly licensed educational resources.Case in point: : $5.35 textbook (including shipping) – ask David Wiley and CK-12David Wiley’s recent open K-12 textbook study in Utah found– NSD: Simply substituting open textbooks for proprietary textbooks does not impact learning outcomes., we are already moving from a print based to a digital based environment. In the digital environment, the technology enables a range of reuses that were not possible in the print based world. Thus, it becomes the copyright license terms of use, and technological protection measures, that hobble the teacher, student, and school district from making the fullest use of the materials. Why should school districts pay for digital materials accompanied by such restrictive terms of use and technological formats?
  17. Effortto return scholarly publishing to its original purpose: to spread knowledge and allow that knowledge to be built upon.John Holdren, Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, “has directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.”
  18. Build state-of-the-art academic programs.Collaborate and share with one another as you are building.Ensure your project produces interoperable, open content useful to all project Colleges.Leverage existing OER and Round 1 work – don’t recreate the wheel.Use best practices in learning design and accessibility to ensure EVERYONE can use your educational resources. Our OPEN team is here to support you.
  19. We look forward to working with you.Thank you.
  20. 5. Intellectual Property Rights In order to ensure that the Federal investment of these funds has as broad an impact as possible and to encourage innovation in the development of new learning materials, as a condition of the receipt of a TAACCCT grant, the grantee will be required to license to the public (not including the Federal Government) all work created with the support of the grant (Work) under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CCBY) license. Work that must be licensed under the CCBY includes both new content created with the grant funds and modifications made to pre-existing, grantee-owned content using grant funds.