• Reducing barriers to education, including
access, cost, language and format.
• Transforming teaching and learning and
enabling open practice / open pedagogy.
• Enabling the free access to and reuse of
human knowledge, in all of its forms.
• Enhancing educational opportunities to foster
development and more productive, free
• Re-professionalizing teaching.
• Connecting communities of educators around
openly licensed content.
• Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of
public funds spent on education.
• Introducing internet and digital technologies
OER Research Hub: opportunities
• 37.6% of educators and 55.7% of formal learners say that using
OER improves student satisfaction.
• 27.5% of educators and 31.9% of formal learners agree that OER
use results in better test scores
• 79.4% of OER users adapt resources to fit their needs
• 79.5% of educators use OER to get new ideas and inspiration
• 88.4% of learners say that the opportunity to study at no cost
influenced their decision to use OER
• 74.9% of informal learners use OER to have a learning
• The more educators use OER, the more they are willing to
OER Research Hub: opportunities
• 40.9% of all formal learners in our sample consider that OER
have a positive impact in helping them complete their course of
• 79.6% of formal students think they save money by using OER
• 31.5% of informal learners say that their interest in using OER is a
chance to try university-level content before signing up for a
• 31.3% say their use of OER influenced their decision to register
for their current course.
• 83.2% of informal learners say they are more likely to take
another free course or study a free open educational resource,
and 24.2% say that they would go on to take a paid for course as
a result of using OER.
OER Research Hub: challenges
• Knowing where to find resources is one of the biggest
challenges to using OER
• General knowledge of well-established OER
repositories is low
• Only 12.4% of educators create resources and publish
them on a Creative Commons license
• Only 15.5% of informal learners select OER with an
open license allowing adaptation despite the fact that
84.7% say they adapt the resources they find to fit
their needs. = copyright violation or fair use/dealing?
• Brand awareness of OER and easy location are major
obstacles to overcome.
• 2014 study by U.S. PIRG found that 65% of
students surveyed have skipped one or more
required textbooks due to cost.
• 78% of whom did so believing it could harm
their grade in a course.
• Florida students survey: 35% reported taking
fewer courses and 14% said they had dropped a
course due to the cost of textbooks.
• 2015 study by U.S. PIRG found that replacing an
expensive textbook with an open textbook saves
students $128 per course.
Open Education Group:
The Review Project
• Studies that included data on both efficacy
• Studies that focused on efficacy
• Studies that focused on perceptions
OPENING the Curriculum:
Open Educational Resources in U.S.
Dr. Jeff Seaman
Researcher & Co-Director
Babson Survey Research Group
Faculty OER Awareness
AWARENESS OF OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
Criteria for Selecting Resources
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
Provided by my institution
Up to date
Ready to use
Easy to find and select
Easy to adapt
Comprehensive range of materials
Mapped to learning outcomes
Ease of use
Works with LMS
Cover a wide range of subjects
MOST IMPORTANT CRITERIA FOR SELECTING TEACHING RESOURCES
(5) What Cable Green
wants to see in the
… as OER goes mainstream
Default set to OPEN
• All publicly funded education and research
resources are CC BY licensed or dedicated to
the public domain using CC0 (no embargo
• Textbooks, curriculum... all education
resources are freely and openly available, in
editable file formats, in all languages.
resources should be
Institute for Open Leadership
2nd Institute: January, 2016
Learning shifts to solving
global grand challenges
• OER are continuously and collectively updated
by teachers and students … constructivist /
connectivist, open practice pedagogies
• “Succeeding” in school means contributing to
and improving the world’s educational
resources, and solving / making progress on
and uses open data
• Data is:
–Privacy is protected (opt-out options, etc.)
–Dedicated to the public domain using CC0
–Used to improve OER, enable personalized
learning pathways (when solo), and inform
collective action on global challenges.
So… what do we do
next .. to move OER
Open Education Declaration
Paris OER Declaration
(6) Time for an OER
Let’s talk about it…
Please review / comment later
(not right now ;)
• Would the OER movement benefit from a
coordinated OER implementation strategy
to accelerate OER going mainstream?
• If so, is this the right list of opportunities?
• What other opportunities are there for
those of us working in OER to better
• Nicole Allen: SPARC
• Delia Browne: National Copyright Office,
• Mary Lou Forward: Open Education
• Cable Green: Creative Commons
• Alek Tarkowski: Centrum Cyfrowe
(tweet contributions) – on screen
Extent of Market Penetration Necessary to
Consider OER a “Success”?
• Disrupting the educational materials and services
market so that it flips to OER as the primary model
for resource production.
• Shifting public funding models to pay for
publishing services, rather than paying for
individual copies of textbooks.
• Mainstreaming OER among educators so it
competes with the traditional publishing model in
terms of reach and use.
• Sufficient quantity of high quality OER necessary
to provide choice.
Top Strategic Priorities for OER?
• Build OER content to fill gaps or enable productive
• Develop open policies that require public and
foundation funded educational resources are
openly licensed (CC BY preferred) by default.
• Create and enable effective research studies in
conjunction with OER development and use.
• Create communities that support, in a grassroots
manner, the development and mainstreaming of
• Develop national OER models or strategies that can
be replicated in other countries.
Top Strategic Priorities for OER?
• Build key tools that enable more effective
discovery and reuse.
• Moving beyond content-related issues and
focusing on the practices of educators that can
be achieved with a shift to open resources, i.e.
“open practice” / “open pedagogy”.
• Better communications about the value of OER.
• Scale OER in a specific sector, i.e. K-12, higher
education, workforce development, lifelong
Are these OER Movement Challenges?
• Linear Rate of Growth
• Absence of Standards
• Insufficient Awareness
• Difficulty of Discovery
• Inconsistent Breadth
• Lack of Evidence
• Questions About
• Unfulfilled Promise of
• Poor Branding
• Perfect as an Enemy of
• Lack of OER heroes
• Build Evidence Base
• Improve Communications
• Embed OER In the Teaching Profession
• Engage Key Constituencies
• Empower the grassroots
• Coordinate Demand With Supply
• Focus on Productization
• Tools for Discoverability and Reuse
• Build Supply to Meet Demand
• Open Up Existing Platforms and Resources
• International Growth
• National Mainstreaming
• Open as an Aspect of Digital in Education
• Government Funding
• Improve Movement-Wide Coordination
• Connect With Other Open Movements
Dr. Cable Green
Director of Global Learning