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Keynote #OER15 (Wales)

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Keynote #OER15 (Wales)

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Keynote #OER15 (Wales)

  1. 1. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen Taking OER Mainstream #oer15 #oerplan
  2. 2. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  3. 3. (1) OER Infrastructure
  4. 4. OER are teaching, learning, and research materials that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.
  5. 5. FREE + LEGAL RIGHTS: REUSE REVISE REMIX REDISTRIBUTE RETAIN
  6. 6. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  7. 7. Step 2: Receive a License
  8. 8. MILLION BUTTONS A DAY 27 That’s only on individual websites. Doesn’t count Flickr, Wikipedia, YouTube…
  9. 9. most freedom least freedom Not OER OER
  10. 10. (2) OER Value Proposition
  11. 11. • Reducing barriers to education, including access, cost, language and format. • Transforming teaching and learning and enabling open practice / open pedagogy. • Enabling the free access to and reuse of human knowledge, in all of its forms. • Enhancing educational opportunities to foster development and more productive, free societies.
  12. 12. • Re-professionalizing teaching. • Connecting communities of educators around openly licensed content. • Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of public funds spent on education. • Introducing internet and digital technologies into education.
  13. 13. (3) OER Research
  14. 14. OER Research Hub: opportunities • 37.6% of educators and 55.7% of formal learners say that using OER improves student satisfaction. • 27.5% of educators and 31.9% of formal learners agree that OER use results in better test scores • 79.4% of OER users adapt resources to fit their needs • 79.5% of educators use OER to get new ideas and inspiration • 88.4% of learners say that the opportunity to study at no cost influenced their decision to use OER • 74.9% of informal learners use OER to have a learning experience • The more educators use OER, the more they are willing to share
  15. 15. OER Research Hub: opportunities • 40.9% of all formal learners in our sample consider that OER have a positive impact in helping them complete their course of study • 79.6% of formal students think they save money by using OER • 31.5% of informal learners say that their interest in using OER is a chance to try university-level content before signing up for a paid-for course. • 31.3% say their use of OER influenced their decision to register for their current course. • 83.2% of informal learners say they are more likely to take another free course or study a free open educational resource, and 24.2% say that they would go on to take a paid for course as a result of using OER.
  16. 16. OER Research Hub: challenges • Knowing where to find resources is one of the biggest challenges to using OER • General knowledge of well-established OER repositories is low • Only 12.4% of educators create resources and publish them on a Creative Commons license • Only 15.5% of informal learners select OER with an open license allowing adaptation despite the fact that 84.7% say they adapt the resources they find to fit their needs. = copyright violation or fair use/dealing? • Brand awareness of OER and easy location are major obstacles to overcome.
  17. 17. U.S. PIRG • 2014 study by U.S. PIRG found that 65% of students surveyed have skipped one or more required textbooks due to cost. • 78% of whom did so believing it could harm their grade in a course. • Florida students survey: 35% reported taking fewer courses and 14% said they had dropped a course due to the cost of textbooks. • 2015 study by U.S. PIRG found that replacing an expensive textbook with an open textbook saves students $128 per course.
  18. 18. Open Education Group: The Review Project • openedgroup.org/review • Studies that included data on both efficacy and perception • Studies that focused on efficacy • Studies that focused on perceptions
  19. 19. OPENING the Curriculum: Open Educational Resources in U.S. Higher Education Dr. Jeff Seaman Researcher & Co-Director Babson Survey Research Group
  20. 20. Faculty OER Awareness 5.1% 15.2% 13.8% 65.9% AWARENESS OF OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES Very Aware Aware Somewhat Aware Not Aware
  21. 21. Criteria for Selecting Resources 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Cost Faculty ratings Provided by my institution Up to date Ready to use Easy to find and select Easy to adapt Comprehensive range of materials Mapped to learning outcomes Ease of use Wide adoption Works with LMS Cover a wide range of subjects Trusted quality Proven efficacy MOST IMPORTANT CRITERIA FOR SELECTING TEACHING RESOURCES
  22. 22. (4) OER Momentum
  23. 23. (5) What Cable Green wants to see in the world… … as OER goes mainstream
  24. 24. Default set to OPEN • All publicly funded education and research resources are CC BY licensed or dedicated to the public domain using CC0 (no embargo period). • Textbooks, curriculum... all education resources are freely and openly available, in editable file formats, in all languages.
  25. 25. Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.
  26. 26. openpolicynetwork.org
  27. 27. Institute for Open Leadership 2nd Institute: January, 2016 Location TBD
  28. 28. Learning shifts to solving global grand challenges • OER are continuously and collectively updated by teachers and students … constructivist / connectivist, open practice pedagogies dominate. • “Succeeding” in school means contributing to and improving the world’s educational resources, and solving / making progress on global challenges.
  29. 29. Education produces and uses open data • Data is: –Collected –Privacy is protected (opt-out options, etc.) –Dedicated to the public domain using CC0 –Used to improve OER, enable personalized learning pathways (when solo), and inform collective action on global challenges.
  30. 30. So… what do we do next .. to move OER into the mainstream?
  31. 31. Cape Town Open Education Declaration Paris OER Declaration
  32. 32. (6) Time for an OER implementation strategy? Let’s talk about it…
  33. 33. tinyurl.com/oerstrategy Please review / comment later (not right now ;)
  34. 34. • Would the OER movement benefit from a coordinated OER implementation strategy to accelerate OER going mainstream? • If so, is this the right list of opportunities? • What other opportunities are there for those of us working in OER to better collaborate?
  35. 35. Drafting Committee • Nicole Allen: SPARC • Delia Browne: National Copyright Office, Australia • Mary Lou Forward: Open Education Consortium • Cable Green: Creative Commons • Alek Tarkowski: Centrum Cyfrowe
  36. 36. #oer15 #oerplan (tweet contributions) – on screen
  37. 37. Extent of Market Penetration Necessary to Consider OER a “Success”? #oer15 #oerplan • Disrupting the educational materials and services market so that it flips to OER as the primary model for resource production. • Shifting public funding models to pay for publishing services, rather than paying for individual copies of textbooks. • Mainstreaming OER among educators so it competes with the traditional publishing model in terms of reach and use. • Sufficient quantity of high quality OER necessary to provide choice.
  38. 38. Top Strategic Priorities for OER? #oer15 #oerplan • Build OER content to fill gaps or enable productive reuse. • Develop open policies that require public and foundation funded educational resources are openly licensed (CC BY preferred) by default. • Create and enable effective research studies in conjunction with OER development and use. • Create communities that support, in a grassroots manner, the development and mainstreaming of OER. • Develop national OER models or strategies that can be replicated in other countries.
  39. 39. Top Strategic Priorities for OER? #oer15 #oerplan • Build key tools that enable more effective discovery and reuse. • Moving beyond content-related issues and focusing on the practices of educators that can be achieved with a shift to open resources, i.e. “open practice” / “open pedagogy”. • Better communications about the value of OER. • Scale OER in a specific sector, i.e. K-12, higher education, workforce development, lifelong learning, etc.
  40. 40. Are these OER Movement Challenges? #oer15 #oerplan • Linear Rate of Growth • Absence of Standards • Insufficient Awareness • Difficulty of Discovery and Use • Inconsistent Breadth and Depth • Lack of Evidence • Questions About Sustainability • Unfulfilled Promise of Reuse • Poor Branding • Perfect as an Enemy of the Good • Lack of OER heroes
  41. 41. Opportunities: Demand #oer15 #oerplan • Build Evidence Base • Improve Communications • Embed OER In the Teaching Profession • Engage Key Constituencies • Empower the grassroots • Coordinate Demand With Supply
  42. 42. Opportunities: Supply #oer15 #oerplan • Focus on Productization • Tools for Discoverability and Reuse • Build Supply to Meet Demand • Accessibility • Open Up Existing Platforms and Resources
  43. 43. Opportunities: Capacity #oer15 #oerplan • International Growth • National Mainstreaming • Open as an Aspect of Digital in Education • Government Funding • Improve Movement-Wide Coordination • Connect With Other Open Movements
  44. 44. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen Taking OER Mainstream #oer15 #oerplan

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