SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 20
Download to read offline
An Introduction to 4.0 for
        Education

 Dr. Cable Green – NOT a Lawyer!
     Director of Global Learning
         Creative Commons

           @cgreen
   cable@creativecommons.org
Joi Ito / CC BY
#freebassel
freebassel.org
“Creative Commons develops, supports, and
    stewards legal and technical infrastructure
    that maximizes digital creativity, sharing,
    and innovation.”
1.0 – December 2002




      2.0 – May 2004




                 2.5 – June 2005




                              3.0 – February 2007




                                           Version 4.0
                                          Coming Soon
 Version 4.0 Unported
Why 4.0?
Internationalization




Source: wikiHow, licensed under under
a Creative Commons license.             Version the licenses to make them stronger
                                        and more robust for anyone, anywhere
                                        without necessarily requiring porting.
European Union
Sui Generis Database Rights
Support Intergovernmental Organization Use
Pier 1 by Will Folsom
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License
4.0 for Education
What You Can Expect
Clarified, more flexible, still respectful;
Easier compliance for teachers, students

ShareAlike as before, no expansion;
Reliable re-use with Wikipedia/media content


No change in definition;
No disruption of existing sharing models
Attribution is simplified and more flexible making compliance
          easier, while still respecting authors’ rights
ShareAlike for adaptations only, as before;
(re-)use with Wikimedia/pedia content unchanged
NC unchanged; no disruption of existing NC models, but
    more clarity of its meaning outside of licenses
Other 4.0 Features
 Automatic reinstatement upon cure

 Flexible warranties at option of licensor

 Clear(er) that additional permissions always
  allowed by licenses
What’s next?
 Final draft was published in February; Final
  comment period underway this month

 Porting, deed and license chooser discussion
  pre-launch

 Launch! (Q2 of this year)
What’s Still Open
   (inside & outside of licenses)
o Compatibility with Free Art License, GPL

o Porting

o Attribution and marking guidelines and
  best practices
Participate!
• Subscribe: http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/cc-
  licenses

• Share ideas:
  http://wiki.creativecommons.org/4.0
Please attribute Creative Commons with a link to
           http://creativecommons.org
An Introduction to 4.0 for
        Education

 Dr. Cable Green – NOT a Lawyer!
     Director of Global Learning
         Creative Commons

           @cgreen
   cable@creativecommons.org

More Related Content

What's hot

Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...
Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...
Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...ccAustralia
 
Using Web 2.0 Tools in Business Classes
Using Web 2.0 Tools in Business ClassesUsing Web 2.0 Tools in Business Classes
Using Web 2.0 Tools in Business ClassesLeigh Zeitz
 
Creative Commons for TAACCCT Grantees
Creative Commons for TAACCCT GranteesCreative Commons for TAACCCT Grantees
Creative Commons for TAACCCT GranteesJane Park
 
How to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative Commons
How to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative CommonsHow to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative Commons
How to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative CommonsSarah Romeo
 
Using the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-off
Using the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-offUsing the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-off
Using the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-offJane Park
 
Stanford Open Access Week 2014 presentation
Stanford Open Access Week 2014 presentationStanford Open Access Week 2014 presentation
Stanford Open Access Week 2014 presentationCreative Commons
 
Open Resources for Open Presentations
Open Resources for Open PresentationsOpen Resources for Open Presentations
Open Resources for Open PresentationsOpen.Ed
 
Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)
Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)
Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)Alisa Cooper
 
Creative Commons
Creative CommonsCreative Commons
Creative CommonsAnne Adrian
 
Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)
Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)
Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)Richard Davis
 
Welcome to IWMW2009
Welcome to IWMW2009Welcome to IWMW2009
Welcome to IWMW2009Marieke Guy
 
Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)
Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)
Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)ccAustralia
 
Technology Integration Day 2007
Technology Integration Day 2007Technology Integration Day 2007
Technology Integration Day 2007deedeekm
 
Wikia and Wikipedia by Angela Beesley
Wikia and Wikipedia by Angela BeesleyWikia and Wikipedia by Angela Beesley
Wikia and Wikipedia by Angela Beesleynswkmforum
 
Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)
Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)
Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)jiscpowr
 
OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)
OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)
OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)KLSagert
 

What's hot (19)

Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...
Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...
Creative Commons Update Seminar, State Library, Brisbane, 18 July 2014 - Anne...
 
Creative Commons search
Creative Commons searchCreative Commons search
Creative Commons search
 
Using Web 2.0 Tools in Business Classes
Using Web 2.0 Tools in Business ClassesUsing Web 2.0 Tools in Business Classes
Using Web 2.0 Tools in Business Classes
 
Spalis2008
Spalis2008Spalis2008
Spalis2008
 
Creative Commons for TAACCCT Grantees
Creative Commons for TAACCCT GranteesCreative Commons for TAACCCT Grantees
Creative Commons for TAACCCT Grantees
 
How to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative Commons
How to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative CommonsHow to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative Commons
How to Openly Share Your Faculty Created Materials Using Creative Commons
 
Using the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-off
Using the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-offUsing the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-off
Using the CC BY license, Workshop for 2013 OPEN Kick-off
 
Stanford Open Access Week 2014 presentation
Stanford Open Access Week 2014 presentationStanford Open Access Week 2014 presentation
Stanford Open Access Week 2014 presentation
 
Open Resources for Open Presentations
Open Resources for Open PresentationsOpen Resources for Open Presentations
Open Resources for Open Presentations
 
Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)
Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)
Podcasting Theory & Practice (1)
 
Creative Commons
Creative CommonsCreative Commons
Creative Commons
 
What Is Web2
What Is Web2What Is Web2
What Is Web2
 
Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)
Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)
Practical Blog Preservation (Workshop)
 
Welcome to IWMW2009
Welcome to IWMW2009Welcome to IWMW2009
Welcome to IWMW2009
 
Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)
Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)
Creative Commons licensing: application, search and attribution (2013)
 
Technology Integration Day 2007
Technology Integration Day 2007Technology Integration Day 2007
Technology Integration Day 2007
 
Wikia and Wikipedia by Angela Beesley
Wikia and Wikipedia by Angela BeesleyWikia and Wikipedia by Angela Beesley
Wikia and Wikipedia by Angela Beesley
 
Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)
Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)
Web Preservation in a Web 2.0 Environment (Brian Kelly, UKOLN)
 
OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)
OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)
OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)
 

Similar to CC 4.0 for Educators

Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012
Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012
Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012Paul_Stacey
 
Copyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and Policy
Copyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and PolicyCopyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and Policy
Copyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and PolicyMeredith Jacob
 
Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017
Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017
Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017Krysta McNutt, PMP
 
What Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum Community
What Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum CommunityWhat Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum Community
What Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum Communitylisbk
 
Openness Forum slides
Openness Forum slidesOpenness Forum slides
Openness Forum slidesMike Ellis
 
Llllllll
LlllllllLlllllll
Llllllllsan
 
mamahdkhyo
mamahdkhyomamahdkhyo
mamahdkhyosan
 
Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)
Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)
Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)Kevin Bowersox-Johnson
 
Capilano University Presentation
Capilano University PresentationCapilano University Presentation
Capilano University PresentationRosario Passos
 
Creative Commons: Copyright for the Digital Age
Creative Commons: Copyright for the Digital AgeCreative Commons: Copyright for the Digital Age
Creative Commons: Copyright for the Digital AgeLila Bailey
 
Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016
Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016
Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016CarolineDaniels6
 
ccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OER
ccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OERccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OER
ccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OERAhrash Bissell
 
Qatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for Faculty
Qatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for FacultyQatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for Faculty
Qatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for FacultyPaul_Stacey
 
Copyright and Creative Commons 2009
Copyright  and Creative Commons 2009Copyright  and Creative Commons 2009
Copyright and Creative Commons 2009Dee Magnoni
 
Introduction to open educational resources
 Introduction to open educational resources Introduction to open educational resources
Introduction to open educational resourcesMichael Paskevicius
 
Creative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCT
Creative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCTCreative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCT
Creative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCTPaul_Stacey
 
Creative Commons
Creative Commons Creative Commons
Creative Commons Paul_Stacey
 
Creative Commons at TAACCCT-ON
Creative Commons at TAACCCT-ONCreative Commons at TAACCCT-ON
Creative Commons at TAACCCT-ONPaul_Stacey
 
Stay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources
Stay Legal: Use Open Educational ResourcesStay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources
Stay Legal: Use Open Educational ResourcesOpen.Ed
 
Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...
Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...
Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...dri_ireland
 

Similar to CC 4.0 for Educators (20)

Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012
Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012
Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012
 
Copyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and Policy
Copyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and PolicyCopyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and Policy
Copyright, Creative Commons and OER in Higher Education - Practice and Policy
 
Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017
Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017
Speedy Intro to Open Education, October 27, 2017
 
What Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum Community
What Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum CommunityWhat Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum Community
What Does Openness Mean To The Openness Museum Community
 
Openness Forum slides
Openness Forum slidesOpenness Forum slides
Openness Forum slides
 
Llllllll
LlllllllLlllllll
Llllllll
 
mamahdkhyo
mamahdkhyomamahdkhyo
mamahdkhyo
 
Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)
Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)
Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources (OER)
 
Capilano University Presentation
Capilano University PresentationCapilano University Presentation
Capilano University Presentation
 
Creative Commons: Copyright for the Digital Age
Creative Commons: Copyright for the Digital AgeCreative Commons: Copyright for the Digital Age
Creative Commons: Copyright for the Digital Age
 
Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016
Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016
Faciliator adoption workshop april 2016
 
ccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OER
ccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OERccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OER
ccLearn And The Infrastructure Of OER
 
Qatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for Faculty
Qatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for FacultyQatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for Faculty
Qatar University Technology Enhanced Learning & Openness for Faculty
 
Copyright and Creative Commons 2009
Copyright  and Creative Commons 2009Copyright  and Creative Commons 2009
Copyright and Creative Commons 2009
 
Introduction to open educational resources
 Introduction to open educational resources Introduction to open educational resources
Introduction to open educational resources
 
Creative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCT
Creative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCTCreative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCT
Creative Commons and OER Big Picture for TAACCCT
 
Creative Commons
Creative Commons Creative Commons
Creative Commons
 
Creative Commons at TAACCCT-ON
Creative Commons at TAACCCT-ONCreative Commons at TAACCCT-ON
Creative Commons at TAACCCT-ON
 
Stay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources
Stay Legal: Use Open Educational ResourcesStay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources
Stay Legal: Use Open Educational Resources
 
Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...
Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...
Puneet Kishor - The new Creative Commons 4.0 Licence – what’s new and why it’...
 

More from Cable Green

Open Education + UN Sustainable Development Goals
Open Education + UN Sustainable Development GoalsOpen Education + UN Sustainable Development Goals
Open Education + UN Sustainable Development GoalsCable Green
 
Saudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & Policy
Saudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & PolicySaudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & Policy
Saudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & PolicyCable Green
 
Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4
Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4
Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4Cable Green
 
#GoOpen with Creative Commons
#GoOpen with Creative Commons#GoOpen with Creative Commons
#GoOpen with Creative CommonsCable Green
 
Global OER Movement & CC: CC Summit
Global OER Movement & CC: CC SummitGlobal OER Movement & CC: CC Summit
Global OER Movement & CC: CC SummitCable Green
 
ULearn Spotlight 1
ULearn Spotlight 1ULearn Spotlight 1
ULearn Spotlight 1Cable Green
 
U.S. College Affordability Summit
U.S. College Affordability SummitU.S. College Affordability Summit
U.S. College Affordability SummitCable Green
 
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open PoliciesGOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open PoliciesCable Green
 
Open Policy Network #oeglobal
Open Policy Network #oeglobalOpen Policy Network #oeglobal
Open Policy Network #oeglobalCable Green
 
DRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobal
DRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobalDRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobal
DRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobalCable Green
 
K12 OER Collaborative #oeglobal
K12 OER Collaborative #oeglobalK12 OER Collaborative #oeglobal
K12 OER Collaborative #oeglobalCable Green
 
Keynote #OER15 (Wales)
Keynote #OER15 (Wales)Keynote #OER15 (Wales)
Keynote #OER15 (Wales)Cable Green
 
K12 OER Collaborative
K12 OER CollaborativeK12 OER Collaborative
K12 OER CollaborativeCable Green
 
IOL: Open Education Week
IOL: Open Education WeekIOL: Open Education Week
IOL: Open Education WeekCable Green
 
Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)
Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)
Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)Cable Green
 
W&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative Commons
W&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative CommonsW&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative Commons
W&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative CommonsCable Green
 
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2Cable Green
 
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1Cable Green
 
Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)
Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)
Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)Cable Green
 
OSU Innovate Keynote
OSU Innovate KeynoteOSU Innovate Keynote
OSU Innovate KeynoteCable Green
 

More from Cable Green (20)

Open Education + UN Sustainable Development Goals
Open Education + UN Sustainable Development GoalsOpen Education + UN Sustainable Development Goals
Open Education + UN Sustainable Development Goals
 
Saudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & Policy
Saudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & PolicySaudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & Policy
Saudi Arabia’s National Open Education Strategy, Master Plan & Policy
 
Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4
Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4
Mainstreaming OER in Support of Achieving SDG4
 
#GoOpen with Creative Commons
#GoOpen with Creative Commons#GoOpen with Creative Commons
#GoOpen with Creative Commons
 
Global OER Movement & CC: CC Summit
Global OER Movement & CC: CC SummitGlobal OER Movement & CC: CC Summit
Global OER Movement & CC: CC Summit
 
ULearn Spotlight 1
ULearn Spotlight 1ULearn Spotlight 1
ULearn Spotlight 1
 
U.S. College Affordability Summit
U.S. College Affordability SummitU.S. College Affordability Summit
U.S. College Affordability Summit
 
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open PoliciesGOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
 
Open Policy Network #oeglobal
Open Policy Network #oeglobalOpen Policy Network #oeglobal
Open Policy Network #oeglobal
 
DRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobal
DRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobalDRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobal
DRAFT Institute for Open Leadership #oeglobal
 
K12 OER Collaborative #oeglobal
K12 OER Collaborative #oeglobalK12 OER Collaborative #oeglobal
K12 OER Collaborative #oeglobal
 
Keynote #OER15 (Wales)
Keynote #OER15 (Wales)Keynote #OER15 (Wales)
Keynote #OER15 (Wales)
 
K12 OER Collaborative
K12 OER CollaborativeK12 OER Collaborative
K12 OER Collaborative
 
IOL: Open Education Week
IOL: Open Education WeekIOL: Open Education Week
IOL: Open Education Week
 
Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)
Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)
Updated Keynote Slides (November, 2014)
 
W&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative Commons
W&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative CommonsW&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative Commons
W&N Lunch and Learn with: Cable Green, Creative Commons
 
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 2
 
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1
NGLC CC BY Requirement: Wave 1
 
Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)
Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)
Slides for 2014 Open Education Leadership Summit (#openls)
 
OSU Innovate Keynote
OSU Innovate KeynoteOSU Innovate Keynote
OSU Innovate Keynote
 

Recently uploaded

Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptxUnraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptxDhatriParmar
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEMISSRITIMABIOLOGYEXP
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Osopher
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxMadhavi Dharankar
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroomSamsung Business USA
 
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxComparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxAvaniJani1
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...DhatriParmar
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17Celine George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptxUnraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing  Postmodern Elements in  Literature.pptx
Unraveling Hypertext_ Analyzing Postmodern Elements in Literature.pptx
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
 
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxComparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
 
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
 

CC 4.0 for Educators

Editor's Notes

  1. As of this week, our friend BasselKhartabil has been in prison in Syria for one year with no charges brought against him. Bassel is a long-time CC volunteer and leader of the CC program in Syria.Bassel’s imprisonment is a reminder that we’re not only working toward a freer Internet; we’re fighting for a freer world.This week, community members are holding gatherings and demonstrations all over the world in honor of Bassel. Find out more at freebassel.org.
  2. CC mission statement identifies our role around legal and technical providing good lead in to speaking about Version 4 licenses Compelling drivers for versioning the license suite now.
  3. Evolution of the CC license suite – a quick overview of why we version, and when. License versioning is a core responsibility of license stewardship -- to keep pace with and anticipate important changes in the legal and technology ecosystem, as well as the needs of our growing adopter base. Each prior versioning effort has be driven by important needs. Some examples from the two major versions to date1.0 – 2.0: CC learned a lot its first year in existence, and with experience came recognition that adjustments were needed relatively soon after launch of 1.0. Among other things * no demand for the non BY licenses in the original suite of 11 licenses; took the opportunity to drop those from the 2.0 suite * dropped affirmative representations and warranties on the part of licensors, to bring us in line with what other providers of free content were doing. We recognized (and encouraged then as well as today) that licensors can offer warranties with or without a fee where those are sought. This is a common model throughout the open publishing landscape, and one embraced by the open source community as well. * other important changes: improving the attribution requirement, addressing music-related issues including how the CC licenses work with collecting societies, and introducing compatibility between ported versions of BY-SA.2.0 to 3.0: second major upgrade * endorsement: concern by licensors that when others reused their works, the licensor endorsed those uses through attribution statements. Introduced “no endorsement” provision, introduced provision requiring removal of attribution when requested and reasonably possible, and clarified moral rights * internationalization-related issues: the generic license was one in the same as the US license, wanted to change that by creating a more international license using international terminology to ease adoption issues; other issues also were in play, including the need to harmonize still further treatment of moral rights. * compatibility: other major issue was compatibility with other copy-left or ShareAlike licenses. Recognized problems associated with having incompatible silos of content that could not be remixed; introduced a provision that would allow CC to declare other licenses sufficiently compatible such that content could be remixed between them and licensed under one or the other license easily.
  4. Compelling drivers for versioning the license suite now.
  5. InternationalizationCC wants to enable anyone, anywhere to leverage our licenses to share educational and other works under legally sound terms that operate around the globe.While all CC licenses are designed to work anywhere and be used by anyone, the reality is that some who want to participate in our shared commons feel they cannot, for one or more reasons. CC has had a tradition of “porting” its licenses – legally adapting and translating the licenses for the needs to certain jurisdictions and language communities. But the porting project, however successful in some countries, has led those in countries where “ported” licenses do not exist to question the utility of the licenses for their use, and some see it as a limit on their ability to participate in the commons. This results in a “divide” between those in countries where licenses have been ported, and those who do not have ported licenses for any number of reasons, including lack of resources or expertise to “port.”CC’s experience with porting has taught us that we have all but maximized on the number of ported license suites possible – presently about 60 jurisdictions +/- have a ported suite. Of the 196 +/- countries in the world, that leaves more than 2/3 without a ported CC license that they can call their own. To maximize reach of the licenses and inclusion of as many people as possible, we are versioning the licenses to make them stronger and more robust still for anyone, anywhere, to bridge the divide. We are doing this through:Language – yet more internationalAddressing © issues that may exist in some places but not everywhere (more on this next)Legal code is more neutral still, and more accessible by humans as well as lawyersProcess-wise, affirmatively soliciting input from those countries where no ported licenses exist.As for the future of porting once 4.0 is published, CC will consult with its affiliates and others following publication of the next 4.0 draft. Our hope is that the international licenses are completed in a way way that obviates the need for porting almost everywhere. Regardless of how that decision comes out, we do plan on producing official translations of the 4.0 international license suite in collaboration with our affiliates and others.
  6. Other rights, new and existing.A second compelling reason to version is the complications that exist as a result of rights other than © that impede the use of CC works, most immediately Sui Generis Database Rights, but also other new rights that are being developed at the country, regional or international treaty level.CC licenses are fundamentally © licenses, and as such we took care in the first 4 versions to limit their reach to granting permissions where copyright automatically prevented sharing and reuse,. While we knew about other rights – including rights established by the European Union for non creative database rights – we kept our focus on © and instead took the strategic decision to oppose the creation and maintenance of other rights closely related to ©. This included the Sui Generis Database Right that protects non copyrightable databases throughout the European Union.Yet, in the past several years we have felt the consequences of not doing so. Many governments and providers of databases want to license those rights, and could not use the CC licenses to do so effectively.As a result, many important adopters have felt compelled to develop their own licenses in lieu of adopting CC licenses, particularly for databases and data.The consequence is that other specialized data and database licenses have proliferated. This causes confusion (among other things) about what licenses are best for which types of content and materials, and has created silos of incompatibly licensed content that cannot be remixed and reused together easily. SoVersion 4.0 of the CC license suite addresses sui generis database rights (SGDRs) in addition to copyright and similar rights covered in earlier versions. Because SGDRs can impede a user's ability to share, reuse, and modify a work in the same way that copyright can, 4.0 makes it clear that these permissions apply to works that would otherwise be restricted by SGDRs as well. This only applies to you IF two things are true: when the law of a jurisdiction that has adopted SGDRs applies to the creation of the database--usually, when the database was created by a person or entity in one of those jurisdictions--and when you are using the database in a jurisdiction which recognizes those rights. If either of those conditions is not present, your use of the database is not subject to SGDRs.
  7. A third factor compelling CC to version is the opportunity to make adjustments that accommodate needs of intergovernmental organizations who want to participate in the learning and education commons but cannot do so because our licenses to date have been insufficiently clear on how they operate relative to IGOs.These IGOs represent important policy makers as well as contributors of learning materials they seek to share broadly with the public under standard terms and conditions. CC licenses can accommodate the needs of many through the versioning process without substantively changing how our licenses operate. This should avoid the creation of custom licenses by IGOs that would compound the proliferation and interoperability problems.CC is working currently with a group of IGOs on a 3.0 port of the CC licenses. Our expectation is that 4.0 will address most if not all of their concerns so that the 4.0 licenses may be used in lieu of the 3.0 IGO ported licenses.
  8. Other ImprovementsAs well as 3.0 has served CC and its community for the last 5+ years, as we celebrated the 10th birthday of the launch of version 1.0 we felt it was important to look at our licenses with a critical eye to what more could be improved to help accomplish our mutual goals in the next decade.While CC had several important reasons to version, we also felt it time to more broadly examine the sharing landscape at the policy, legal and technical levels to identify ways to improve our licenses to anticipate challenges ahead to their usability.
  9. Here are some of the most important benefits and improvements to the licenses the OER and education community in particular can expect to see when the licenses launch late this year.
  10. Attribution requirements have been aggregated and greatly simplified, with more flexibility built in such that all requirements are subject to a “reasonable to the means, medium and context” standard;ShareAlike remains unchanged, which means your BY and BY-SA works can still be uploaded to Wikipedia/media as before, and you can remix content with your own from Wikipedia/media as before, with same rules SharingAlikeapplyingNo change in NC – this is a relief for many and a disappointment for others, but no compelling case with substantial consensus emerged; for those in the education with models based on –NC, you can continue to rely on the same definition applying
  11. AttributionOne of the most visible changes and important to the education community will be the attribution requirement. We aggregated and greatly simplified the attribution requirements, and introduced more flexibility for just how attribution may be provided, making it easier for teachers and educators to comply. At the same time, we have kept intact the central attribution requirements from earlier versions so that authors and scholars can be sure they receive the credit they deserve.Four important parts of the new attribution requirement are worth noting: Changes to attribution requirements: Noting title is no longer required. Noting modifications is required (even if modification does not result in a new derivative work). This is to make it easier for downstream users to know what the original work was. All of the requirements may now be satisfied “in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means and context in which the Licensed Material or Adapted Material is Shared.”This expands the “reasonableness” provision to all aspects of attribution, which has been criticized as too strict because the license automatically terminates if this condition is not met. We have also included two important examples within the text itself, that will help re-users of educational materials comply: “For example, it may be reasonable to satisfy some or all of the conditions by providing a URI or hyperlink to a resource that includes some or all of the required information.”In short, if the required information is already aggregated in the copyright notice or elsewhere, all you need to do is include the notice or link to the page where the information exists. Moral rights – remain reserved and preserved for authors, just as in 3.0 and before. While the language is modified and simplified, the intent is the same. Particularly in Europe and civil law jurisdictions, being clear and respectful about the moral rights of creators is paramount. Therefore, our licenses reserve those rights except in the very limited case where the licensee can’t use the work as the license intends and it is possible to waive those under applicable law.NET: Much clearer requirements, more flexibility as to how to provide attribution thereby increasing compliance and less risk of violation, and authors rights are still preserved as before.
  12. ShareAlikeWe have clarified but not expanded the requirement of SA, which applies as before only to adaptations, not other uses of the licensed work that does not result in an adaptation under copyright. For educators, this means you can continue to incorporate content from Wikimedia and Wikipedia into your educational resources, and unless your use of that work constitutes an adaptation under applicable law, you may incorporate those works into your learning materials without being required to ShareAlike your separate contributions. [General messaging point: note where appropriate that not every change of an –SA work necessarily results in an adaptation, and sometimes uses of –SA works in unmodified form with other content will be an adaptation. The outcome turns on whether the use is an adaptation or derivative work under applicable law.]
  13. NonCommercialAfter a lot of reflection and review of proposals for changing NC, we have taken the policy decision not to adjust the definition in 4.0. This is a disappointment for some, and a relief for others. (Note: we have removed the word “private” but this is not intended to change meaning or scope.)[Short version] However flawed the current definition may be, it is one that our community has become accustomed to and relies upon, including providers of learning resources but also other important constituents such as photographers and musicians. A proposed alternative would have had to be extremely compelling to justify disrupting those expectations. And while the proposals made had many merits, they fell short of that difficult standard. Upon close review, as much as the proposed alternatives attempt to provide additional clarity around particular uses, they simultaneously introduce new, additional layers of uncertainty for licensors and licensees and did not create a net benefit overall.[Longer explanation] CC knew going into the versioning process that –NC would be a point of discussion, particularly by educators. We also knew that however flawed the definition, it is one that our community relies upon, such that any proposal would have to be extremely compelling to justify a change. However meritorious the changes offered may have been, they fell short of that difficult standard. Here’s why.There have been two main complaints about NC. The first is that some in the community believe the definition is unclear. Importantly – and what may be a surprise to some – is that this is not universally-held complaint. Many argued that the definition – when actually read against sets of circumstances -- works quite well even if there was some gray in the middle, and that to adjust the definition when the real problem was otherwise was no reason to disrupt existing practices and expectations. Our results from the NC study conducted a few years ago confirm the existence of common understandings and, importantly, a low amount of conflict between licensors and licensees on this point. Relatedly, when we reviewed the many proposals for adjusting the definition and tested those in the drafting process, it became immediately clear that any adjustments only introduced more complexity and new uncertainties, which did not produce a net benefit. The question then became, do we change the definition if the result produces not net benefit in terms of clarity but disrupt existing expectations and uses that are established and working well, or do we leave current understandings of the definition, however imperfect, in place.The second area of complaint regards specific cases of reuse. Some argued for an expansion of NC, so that the –NC licenses would prohibit more types of reuses than currently prohibited. Others argued for a narrowing of NC, so that the –NC licenses restricted less. Neither of these alternatives received wide support, nor was there consensus among even those who fell on the same side of this divide. [Education example] By way of example, several proposals attempted to levy the term “education” claiming that some activities were educational and others were not, and that depending on how the term is defined it should drive the outcome of whether a use is commercial or noncommercial. But even among those advancing these proposals, there was little if any consensus about what is and is not an educational use, and whether it is or not depending on who is doing the education (for profit or not for profit institutions, e.g.), and under what circumstances. The OCW and OER arena is going through a period of rapid change, disrupting (in many positive ways) existing models for how education is provided, by what means, by whom, etc. To tie a new definition of –NC to account for a current understanding of what is and is not “educational use” – however attractive in theory – we felt was not advisable.Still further, we have a responsibility toward those currently using the –NC licenses and consider their expectations for how their works that are already licensed will be remixed and reused. For those who use BY-NC-SA 3.0, the license allows remixes to be licensed under BY-NC-SA 4.0. If the definition in 4.0 is changed, then the scope of –NC on the remix under 4.0 would be different from that planned by the original licensor. Any modified definition might be interpreted to allow more uses of works to fall within the scope of NC, and where that happened the original licensor – who believed those activities were reserved to her – would have her expectations undermined.For all these reasons, we concluded that making a change produced no net benefit. To make a change despite this analysis so we could say we tried for the purpose of silencing critics is not a legitimate reason for doing so. That said, we are planning to clarify what NC means outside of the license where possible, and will look for your help with that from the educational perspective. We will be working toward that clarification within a short period following the launch of 4.0, if not sooner. [Did not mention NC/ND debate on branding and stewardship of those licenses.]
  14. Other improvements:Reinstatement: A common complaint of many users of CC licensed works is that the automatic termination provision is harsh and ought be softened. 4.0 will include a provision that provides a path to automatic reinstatement of the license upon cure of a violation. This is common in other public licenses, and if included will facilitate the continued use of works by those who correct violations without the need for contacting the licensor directly. This will be particularly beneficial inadvertent violations involving attribution. As currently drafted, the license may be reinstated on the date the violation is cured, “provided it is cured within 30 days of Your discovery of the violation; or upon express reinstatement by the Licensor.”Warranties: CC also recognizes that licensors may wish to express disclaimers and limitations differently than the default license provision. Reasons for this may include differences in their business models or risk portfolios, or because local laws contain special requirements. 4.0 will allow licensors to offer modified disclaimers, as well as to affirmatively offer warranties if they find that desirable.Additional permissions. Finally, while always implicit in our licenses, we choose to make express in 4.0 that licensors may always offer their works under different terms and may always grant more permissions, or waive certain conditions, than the license already provides. This may be useful for educators who choose to use the –ND licenses but who want to offer the ability of others to translate their works, or for those who want to waive attribution without the need for giving written consent, which is the existing mechanism for doing so under 3.0 and prior versions.
  15. Self-explanatory.Links for photos:
  16. One of our highest goals for 4.0 is to bridge divides between incompatible silos of content. We continue our discussions with the stewards of GPL and FAL in particular, so that remixes are possible, expanding the commons of reusable content.The need for and criteria for porting is still being explored, with a formal process starting after publication of the next draft of the licenses. For many, CC’s proliferation of licenses (we steward 550 +/- at present) is confusing, problematic, and an issue to take seriously. We will be doing that in collaboration with our affiliates starting in November.Our improved attribution requirements provide an opportunity for helping licensees easily comply with those wanting to do the right thing. We plan to roll out best practices and guidelines – perhaps even technical solutions – that simplify compliance.We promised NC guidelines for communities to enhance clarity around the existing definition – look for those efforts in the education arena in particular, starting late this year and early 2013. We also continue to evaluate NC stewardship questions such as license naming and branding. That will take place outside of the 4.0 process, and you can expect more on that later this year.AFAIK, this is not part of the NC/ND working group – we decided only on and to do the following:Improve information about which CC licenses align with definitions of "Free licenses”Revive the “license spectrum” graphicProvide descriptive examples of adoptions of Free and non-free licensesAnd we already decided NOT to change name to CCR (commercial rights reserved) and posted.
  17. Self-explanatory.Links for photos: