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Alberta CAO Talk

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Alberta CAO Talk

  1. 1. Open Education:and Open Policy Opportunities in Alberta Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org @cgreen
  2. 2. Please attribute Creative Commons with a link to creativecommons.org
  3. 3. CC BY Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo http://www.flickr.com/photos/prathambooks/3291
  4. 4. “Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years. By: COL1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures http://www.col.org/SiteCollectio2 British Council and IDP Australia projections s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
  5. 5. CC BY-NC-ND Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/1531
  6. 6. http://www.capetowndeclaration.org
  7. 7. Budapest OpenAccess InitiativePublic access topublicly fundedresearch.
  8. 8. By: UNESCO: http://www.moveoneinc.com/blog/wp-
  9. 9. A simple, standardizedway to grant copyrightpermissions to yourcreative work.
  10. 10. “Some rights reserved”
  11. 11. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  12. 12. Step 2: Receive a License
  13. 13. most freeleast free
  14. 14. “human readable” deed
  15. 15. “lawyer readable” license
  16. 16. <span xmlns:cc=“http://creativecommons.org/ns#”xmlns:dc=http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/”><span rel="dc:type" href="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text"property="dc:title">My Photo</span> by<a rel="cc:attributionURL" property="cc:attributionName"href="http://joi.ito.com/my_photo">Joi Ito</a>is licensed under a<a rel="license"href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/">CreativeCommons Attribution 3.0 License</a>.<span rel="dc:source" href="http://fredbenenson.com/photo/”>Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at<a rel="cc:morePermissions"href="http://ozmo.com/revenue_sharing_agreement">OZMO</a>.</span></span>“machine readable” metadata
  17. 17. Updated #s (and growing fast)Over 500 million items
  18. 18. CultureScienceGovernmentEducationMore
  19. 19. Over 77,000 contributorsworking on over 22 million articles in 285 languages
  20. 20. 175+ Million CC Licensed Photos on Flickr 2
  21. 21. Higher Ed
  22. 22. Open Educational Resources (OER)
  23. 23. OER are teaching, learning,and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an openlicense that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.
  24. 24. Education grant making
  25. 25. Search & Discovery
  26. 26. Translations & Accessibility
  27. 27. Customization & Affordability
  28. 28. What is theBusiness / Policy Case for OER?
  29. 29. Rivalrous vs. Non-RivalrousResources vs .
  30. 30. BY NC By Sean_Marshall http://www.flickr.com/photos/7119320@N05/5834811691/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  31. 31. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  32. 32. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  33. 33. Copy and Distribute are “Free” This changes everything CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  34. 34. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and TextbooksMovies and TV Shows:• Amazon Prime – $6.59/month ($79/year) for access to 10,000 movies and TV shows• Netflix – $7.99/month for access to 20,000 movies and TV shows• Hulu Plus – $7.99/month for access to 45,000 movies and TV showsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  35. 35. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and TextbooksMusic:• Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15 million songs• Rhapsody – $14.99/month for access to 14 million songsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  36. 36. Textbooks:• CourseSmart (“world’s largest provider of digital course materials,” sells digital access to other publishers’ textbooks) - $20.25/month ($121.49/180 days) for access to one biology textbook - $18.25/month ($109.49/180 days) for access to one world history textbook - $18.49/month ($110.99/180 days) for access to one algebra book CC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  37. 37. CC BY ND / Delta Initiative / http://tinyurl.com/bw3ztnt
  38. 38. Online, on demand access to onetextbook (~$19/month) costs more thanonline, on demand access to everymajor movie, TV show, and songproduced in the US in recent memory($7.99 + $9.99 = $17.98/month).One textbook costs more than theentire output of the film, television, andmusic industries combined. CC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  39. 39. When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0…- educators have an ethical obligation to share- governments need to get maximum ROI byrequiring publicly funded resources be openlylicensed resources- governments and educators need openlylicensed content: (a) so you can revise & remix(b) buying and maintaining is cheaper thanleasing (w/time bombs)
  40. 40. By: Eurostat:
  41. 41. $60 trillionx 5% =$ 3 trillion
  42. 42. CC BYLines of Bikes By: KOMU Newshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/komunews/6176280963
  43. 43. CC BY-NC-SAOPEN By: Tom Maglieryhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/mag3737/1914076277
  44. 44. Partner with MLAs who care about:(a) efficient use of national / Alberta tax dollars;(b) saving students money;increasing access to publicly funded research and data; (c) increasing access to
  45. 45. “By developing this library of openly licensedcourseware and making it available to schooldistricts free of charge, the state and schooldistricts will be able to provide students withcurricula and texts while substantially reducingthe expenses that districts would otherwise incurin purchasing these materials. In addition, thislibrary of openly licensed courseware willprovide districts and students with a broaderselection of materials, and materials that aremore up-to-date.”
  46. 46. CC-BY licensed textbooksfor 90 university courses
  47. 47. $500 million - Wave 2($2 billion over four years)
  48. 48. Publicly fundedresources should beopenly licensedresources.
  49. 49. Why is “Open” Important?• Cooperate & share = We all Win – Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces. – …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution.• Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks• Self-interest: good things happen when I share• It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.
  50. 50. Dream in Colour By: Vineet RadhakrishnanCC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/vineetradhakrishnan/60382596
  51. 51. Alberta Higher Education!• We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content – move to: "proudly borrowed from there"• Content is not a strategic advantage• Nor can Alberta (or your students) afford it
  52. 52. Shifting theDefault to Open
  53. 53. http://techplan.sbctc.edu“We will cultivate the culture andpractice of using and contributing toopen educational resources.”
  54. 54. But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significantchange in the culture of highereducation. It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11)
  55. 55. English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•= $9.6+ Million every year
  56. 56. English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•= $9.6+ Million every year
  57. 57. http://openstaxcollege.org• OpenStax College texts are CC BY and can be adopted and adapted by faculty• OpenStax College texts meet scope/sequence requirements of course and are professionally developed• Any format, on any device, at any time and epub/pdf is always free and never expire• New ecosystem of partners to support the content
  58. 58. 64
  59. 59. CC BY massive change By: sookie
  60. 60. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  61. 61. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  62. 62. H.R. 3699"No Federal agency may adopt,implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in any policy, program,or other activity that -- (1) causes,permits, or authorizes networkdissemination of any private-sectorresearch work without the prior consent ofthe publisher of such work; or (2) requiresthat any actual or prospective author, orthe employer of such an actual orprospective author, assent to network
  63. 63. H.R. 3699"No Federal agency may adopt,implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in any policy, program,or other activity that -- (1) causes,permits, or authorizes networkdissemination of any private-sectorresearch work without the prior consent ofthe publisher of such work; or (2) requiresthat any actual or prospective author, orthe employer of such an actual orprospective author, assent to network
  64. 64. But even better, the bill sponsorsaid: • "As the costs of publishing continue to be driven down by new technology, we will continue to see a growth in open access publishers. • This new and innovative model appears to be the wave of the future. The transition must be collaborative, and must respect copyright law and the principles of open access. • The American people deserve to have access to research for which they havehttp://maloney.house.gov/press-release/issa-maloney-statement-research-works-act
  65. 65. Public “The American people deserve to have access to research for which they have paid.”http://maloney.house.gov/press-release/issa-maloney-statement-research-works-act
  66. 66. 046: Rule #2: See Rule #1 By: William CouchCC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/wcouch/226861055
  67. 67. CC BYBy Michael Gwyther-Joneshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/12587661@N06/7906811250/
  68. 68. Only ONE thing Matters: • Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials, research and data. • Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary.
  69. 69. CC BY-NCChess Pawn By: Doug Whellerhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/doug88888/3400002114
  70. 70. the opposite of open isn’t “closed”
  71. 71. the opposite of open is “broken” Attribution: John Wilbanks
  72. 72. Dr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org twitter: cgreen

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