California part 2


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California part 2

  1. 1. California Part 2<br />By: Courtney Grace<br />
  2. 2. Panama Canal <br />The canal is 50 miles long from deepwater to deepwater<br />It average depth is 43 feet<br />The width is between 500 to 1,000 feet<br />The French company started to construct the canal in 1881, but come 1889 the enterprise had collapsed<br />A treaty in 1903 containing to the Panama allowed the United States to right to build and operate the Panama Canal Zone<br />They went to work starting 1904 and went through tons of obstacles they had to overcome <br />The construction was directed by George Washington Goethals in 1907<br />August 15th 1914 was the grand opening of the canal!<br />This allowed ships to shorten the lengthy trips around South America<br />
  3. 3. Panama Canal<br />The Panama Canal is a narrow land bridge that is in between North and South America<br />It creates a water passage between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean<br />It was recognized by the early colonists of Central America<br />After long studies and samples, the United States finally resulted in creating the Panama Canal in 1914<br />Still today the canal is being utilized as a vital way to link the world to shipping <br />
  4. 4. Panama Canal<br />In 1977 a treaty provided for Panama to take control over the canal by 2000 went into action in 1999<br />Except no small crafts, no vessels can pass through even under its own power<br />The ships are towed by electric locomotives <br />It takes anywhere between 15 to 20 hours to complete the passage<br />When there is sets of double locks it enables ships to pass in opposite directions <br />
  5. 5. Panama Canal<br />President Theodore Roosevelt directed an army of engineers and Caribbean laborers to build the canal<br />Not only did the canal open up and transform world trade, but it did help for travel too<br />Pro- expansion sentiment appears to prevail in this nation of 2.8 million people, inspired by the promise of tens of thousands of construction jobs that would greatly ease an unemployment rate of 14%. <br />
  6. 6. Los Angeles Aqueduct<br />The Board of Water Commissioners needed to begin earning money from the residents and the legal rights of the Federal Government in order to construct the aqueduct<br />The House of Representatives, President Theodore Roosevelt, granted Los Angeles the rights to Owens River<br />1908- the construction for the aqueduct began and workers from all around the world came to work because they were highly paid<br />
  7. 7. Los Angeles Aqueduct<br />Worked for the Los Angeles City Water Company as a ditch tender<br />At the age of 31 he became the superintendent and began to search for a new water supply<br />Fred Eaton and J.B. Lippincott went to Yosemite Valley in 1904 on a family camping trip<br />They went through the Sierra at Tioga Pass and went south to Bishop for supplies and back through Los Angeles through the Owen Valley<br />Eaton told Mulholland that the Owens River would give Los Angeles the water sources that it needed due to the population increase<br />Come 1905, Eaton made a visit to the Owen Valley and began to buy land for his city, Los Angeles<br />“He gave them the impression that he was working for the US Reclamation Service on a public irrigation project, angering local residents when they discovered he was buying land and water rights for Los Angeles” <br />
  8. 8. Los Angeles Aqueduct<br />Los Angeles completed the construction of the first Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913<br />Los Angeles was founded in 1769 <br />It was known, as “The City owns its Water”<br />11 families lived in the area dammed up the Los Angeles River and built canals to water fields<br />as the town population grew, they knew the river could not meet future demands <br />
  9. 9. Los Angeles Aqueduct<br />“The Lost Angeles Board of Public Works estimated that crews could dig eight feet of tunnel per day at each tunnel end, for a total of 16 feet per day” <br />November 15th, 1913 the Aqueduct was dedicated to Los Angeles to “you and your children and your children’s children for all time”<br />Watching Los Angeles continue to grow, Muholland began to look into bringing Colorado River to continue to meet the futures needs<br />They were unable to take full advantage from the Mono Basin<br />A second aqueduct was built from Haiwee Reservoir in Southern Inyo County to Los Angeles<br />The second one was completed in 1970 <br />The Inyo County filed a suit against Los Angeles for an environmental impact report on the new aqueduct<br />1986- Los Angeles build a water filtration plant and worked to monitor and improve water quality <br />