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WG3 release Sunny Uppal 16 apr 2014


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Meeting global food needs with lower emissions:
IPCC report findings on climate change mitigation in agriculture
A dialog among scientists, practitioners and financiers

April 16, 2014
World Bank, Washington, DC

Following the April 13th release of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report on Mitigation, including Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU), this event will provided an opportunity to listen to IPCC authors summarize their findings and for all participants to join in a dialog with practitioners and financiers to discuss actionable steps for mitigation in the agricultural sector.

The event was a joint effort of the World Bank, the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases, and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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WG3 release Sunny Uppal 16 apr 2014

  1. 1. Agriculture Initiative Bangladesh, Canada, European Commission, Ghana, Japan, U.S., World Bank
  2. 2. What is the CCAC? • Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-lived Climate Pollutants • Black Carbon, Methane, some HFCs • Catalyse near-term, significant action to reduce emissions with a view of addressing the 2 degree goal in addition to public health and food security • Launched in February 2012 • Over 80 State, IGO and NGO Partners • Hosted by UNEP • 10 sectorial initiatives to address emissions in key areas
  3. 3. Why Agriculture? - Agriculture accounts for ~50% of global methane emissions; livestock accounts for ~33%. Source: U.S. EPA, 2010. - Agriculture & forestry (open burning) accounts for ~35% of global black carbon emissions (Bond et al. 2013)
  4. 4. Why Agriculture? • Responsible for providing food for a growing population and employment for 20% of the global population (65% of the population in developing countries). • Investing in agriculture is one of the most effective strategies for reducing poverty and hunger and promoting sustainability. • CCAC: share and implement best practices for minimizing methane and black carbon from agriculture in a manner that also enhances food security and livelihoods.
  5. 5. • Consensus driven. • Lead partners actively engaged in initial discussions: • Canada, US, Bangladesh, Japan, Ghana, European Commission, World Bank • FAO now a CCAC Partner • Many teleconferences and discussions! • Solution: Three work areas in distinct subsectors that address emissions from agriculture. • Initiative serves as an umbrella under which components operate. • Each component being led by different group of partners • Working with the Secretariat to ensure UNEP processes are followed and proposals garner significant support from CCAC decision-making bodies Developing the Initiative
  6. 6.  Objective: Share and implement best practices for minimizing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) from agriculture, including CH4 & BC  Consistency with broader climate change objectives and enhancing food security and livelihoods  Focus: Identifying and facilitating best management practices and technologies, tailored to national and local circumstances to reduce SLCPs  Emissions types: Livestock (CH4), paddy rice (CH4), open burning (BC)  Approach: Build on existing research, knowledge and technologies, including the GRA, CGIAR, CCAFS, the Global Methane Initiative, FAO, World Bank, & others. Where appropriate, the CCAC may also help to accelerate and scale up work in relevant fora, or initiate new work where gaps exist. Promote scale-up of existing efforts through awareness raising, high-level political will, partnerships, and resource mobilization.  Lead partners: Canada, U.S., Bangladesh, Ghana, European Commission, World Bank (working with the GRA and FAO)  Canada: Initiative-level coordination, communications and outreach, liaising with the Secretariat, Steering Committee and Working Group Initiative Overview
  7. 7. • Leads: US, FAO, Wageningen University • Targeted Regions: Asia, Africa, Latin America • Objective: Reduce SLCPs emissions from manure management in Latin America, Africa and Asia through the development of an information kiosk (knowledge platform) • Expected results: Increased awareness amongst key stakeholders such as farmers and policymakers, improved stakeholder capacity to implement best practices, introduction of policies enabling improved manure management, and creation of an active network between practitioners and organizations. • Informational Kiosk: Global network inclusive of best practices, policy guidance and information on innovative technologies to facilitate transfer to developing country regions. • Funding: US$383K for Phase 1; US$2,193,000 for Phase 2 Livestock and Manure Management Component
  8. 8.  Targeted Countries/Regions: Eastern and Central Himalayas, Andes and Patagonia  Lead Implementer: International Climate Crysophere Initiative  Primary Objectives:  To develop concrete options for emissions reductions from open burning, targeting at least two staple crops/technologies in each of two target regions  To design two pilot projects in each region aimed at demonstrating those options and scaling up alternatives to open burning in both target regions and globally.  Expected Results: Replicable and scalable open burning mitigation options determining the nature of open burning in the target regions of the Eastern Himalayas and Andes creation of regional open burning networks and partners through the tool of convening two regional conferences the development of shovel-ready pilot mitigation projects with specific actions targeted to each region and crop type. Funding: Approved $300K USD for Phase 1 Activities Open Agricultural Burning Component
  9. 9.  Targeted Countries/Regions: Bangladesh, Colombia and Vietnam  Lead Implementers: The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)  Primary Objectives:  Assist countries to consolidate information to plan priority areas for mitigation in paddy rice and implement a trial national agricultural development initiative to promote farmer-led innovation in AWD in eligible areas.  Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) is widely accepted as the most promising mitigation practice for paddy rice currently due to its high methane reductions and multiple benefits.  Expected Results: • Phase I will engage partners, develop the central information hub, support countries to compile information and create maps of areas with high potential for mitigation in paddy rice. This information will be used to plan a trial national outreach initiative for AWD+ in Phase II. Phase I will last 18-months. • Phase II will develop a network of farmer demonstration sites where the benefits of AWD+ can be demonstrated. It will also implement the national outreach initiative and monitor results. More regional partners will be involved through task forces to establish guidelines and standards. Funding: Request for $777K USD for Phase 1 Activities Paddy Rice Production Component
  10. 10. • Expanding and Improving Components • Starting the work on the ground • Engaging more partners • Launching Discussions on Enteric Fermentation • Levering high-level political will • FAO engagement • Outreach at key opportunities What’s next?
  11. 11. • Agriculture is key! • Actions identified in key sub-sectors in developing country regions: • Technologies exist • Information platforms = access to information, sharing best practices, policy guidance • High-level political support • Get involved: • We welcome expertise, experience and resources • Cases to implement emissions reductions on the ground • Access to policymakers, financiers and organizations that are all working towards one goal Why is this important?
  12. 12. Contact Lead Partners Lead Partner Contact E-mail Address Bangladesh Dr. Sultan Ahmad Canada Sunny Uppal European Commission Herwig Ranner Ghana Dr. Kassim Nicholas Iddi Japan Keiichi Sugita United States Andrew Eil World Bank Ademola Braimoh CCAC Secretariat Focal Point Sophie Bonnard