WG3 release Giovanna Valverde 16 apr 2014


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Meeting global food needs with lower emissions:
IPCC report findings on climate change mitigation in agriculture
A dialog among scientists, practitioners and financiers

April 16, 2014
World Bank, Washington, DC

Following the April 13th release of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report on Mitigation, including Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU), this event will provided an opportunity to listen to IPCC authors summarize their findings and for all participants to join in a dialog with practitioners and financiers to discuss actionable steps for mitigation in the agricultural sector.

The event was a joint effort of the World Bank, the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases, and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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WG3 release Giovanna Valverde 16 apr 2014

  1. 1. Meeting global food needs with lower emissions: Costa Rica’s Zero Emission Policy and Agricultural NAMAs for Coffee and Livestock Giovanna Valverde Director of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Costa Rica April 16, 2014 World Bank, Washington, DC
  2. 2. ZERO EMISSIONS PUBLIC POLICY • Last month creation of the Carbon National Committee • Development of domestic voluntary Carbon Market (UCCs)
  3. 3. State Policy for the Agricultural sector and Rural Development of Costa Rica 2010-2021 Competitivity Innovation and Technological Development Rural Territory Management and Family Agriculture Climate Change and Agro Environmental Management Pillars
  4. 4. IV Pillar of Agricultural Public Policy focuses on Climate Change Adaptation: Global Adaptation Forum, Irrigation Agenda, Water/SENARA. Mitigation: CN, Low Emissions National Livestock Strategy, NAMAs. Vulnerability and risk management.
  5. 5. Livestock NAMA
  6. 6. Costa Rica Livestock Sector. Fuente: Mapa de cobertura de la Tierra, 1992, convenio IMN, MAG, DGF, IGN There are 45,780 livestock farms, that occupy 1,863,657 ha, which represents 35.5% of national territory. Forested areas within livestock farms: •grown significantly in the last 30 years •450,000 ha (24.2% of livestock dedicated areas) •Livestock contributes approx. to 1.5% of GDP •14% of the Costa Rican labor force
  7. 7. • January, 2014: communication of the organization chart for the LELS and its implementation. Support to the National Low Emissions Livestock Strategy (LELS) CNG PITTA Scientific group LELS Round Table Regional Committees Technical /Management Politics Technical/scientific Operative
  8. 8. Coffee NAMA and value chain Producers Coffee Mills Exports Large commercial coffee mills International Market National Market 50,608 approx. producers 1,9 Ha/producer 91% delivers less than 100 fanegas (46k ) 203 coffee mills 68% small (<3000 fanegas) 40% of production from the cooperatives
  9. 9. Coffee Nama Specific objectives • Agroforestry systems (PSA) are promoted to coffee farmers. (Indicator: 7.500 coffee ha with shadow trees) • Coffee processers have implemented new low carbon technologies reducing GHG emissions, i.e. energy efficiency, biomass aerobic treatment of residues (pulp) and wastewater. • New efficient practices of fertilizer use and low- emission fertilizers such as Niproxen in farms. Use of coffee husk as organic fertilizer. • Use of eolic energy in some of the Cooperatives for administrative buildings.
  10. 10. Technologies that are currently under development or consideration • Gasification or bio-energy using coffee husks and coffee pulp to create heat to dry the coffee beans and a later stage to create electricity. • Organic residues from water washing process of from coffee is sprayed into the fields versus using oxidation pools. This is being tested both in the dairy and coffee sector, in order to measure soil/pasture absorption levels.